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5 ethical principles
- -respect for autonomy
- -benfience and nonmaleficence
- -scientific integrity
ethical principles- Respect for auntonomy
-researcher needs to ensure that participants know what they are getting into and that they are free to decide whether or not to participate
-participants must give their consent through usally informed consent document.
What is informed consent document?
-it is to be signed by research participant.
-outlines the purpose and procedures of a research study
Participants NEED to understand...
What do children need for them to aprticipate research?
-consent from parent or guardian and they need to undertstand the procedure
informed consent is not a release from legal repsonsibility?
the researcher can still be sued if they knew or did not fully know the potential dangers of comitting this crime
Ethical principles- Benefience and nonmaleficence (3)
-principle implies that researchers should do no harm
- -weigh the costs and benefits of research
- *determined by researcher
- *overeen by IRB
-ultimately benefits need to outweigh costs
IRB- Institutional review board (2)
-oversees all ethical issues of research
-w/o approval from these guys, researcher can be fired
"not doing harm"
- -costs and benefits are to be distributed fairly across participants
- *random assignments
- *care with control group
- **everyone is the study gets to a chance to do everything
Ethical principles- Trust (2)
-relationship of trust should be established with research participants
- -certain projects depend on the participant being unaware of features of the design
(trust-ethical principles) 3 wasy to establish trust with participant
- -informed consent= sheet
Example in deception in research
types of deception
active and passive
deception- active (2)
-tell participant something about experiment that isnt
ex) milgram exp. learning and memory but in realtiy it was obdience
- neglecting to tell a participant certain aspects of study. allows them to develop a wrong idea.
- ex) they think it is for something but its for another thing
- *small amount of passive is permissive
Deception should be avoided but...
may be acceptable under certain circumstances
When patients are being debriefed... 3 things need to happen
-fully inform participants what happened
-undo any negative effects
-NO double deception
ethical principles- scientific integrity
- -care should be taken to ensure that scientific research leads to valid knowledge
- *research should be well designed
- *researcher should record and report data accurately
Researcehr should record and report data accurately...
must avoid overstating and over interpreting things and faked data
What would you like to do?
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