ethics 4

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ethics 4
2012-09-23 16:56:19
research method

ethics 4
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  1. 5 ethical principles
    • -respect for autonomy
    • -benfience and nonmaleficence
    • -justice
    • -trust
    • -scientific integrity
  2. ethical principles- Respect for auntonomy
    -researcher needs to ensure that participants know what they are getting into and that they are free to decide whether or not to participate

    -participants must give their consent through usally informed consent document.
  3. What is informed consent document?
    -it is to be signed by research participant.

    -outlines the purpose and procedures of a research study
  4. Participants NEED to understand...
    consent procedures
  5. What do children need for them to aprticipate research?
    -consent from parent or guardian and they need to undertstand the procedure
  6. informed consent is not a release from legal repsonsibility?
    the researcher can still be sued if they knew or did not fully know the potential dangers of comitting this crime
  7. Ethical principles- Benefience and nonmaleficence (3)
    -principle implies that researchers should do no harm

    • -weigh the costs and benefits of research
    • *determined by researcher
    • *overeen by IRB

    -ultimately benefits need to outweigh costs
  8. IRB- Institutional review board (2)
    -oversees all ethical issues of research

    -w/o approval from these guys, researcher can be fired
  9. Benefience?
    "doing good"
  10. Nonmaleficence
    "not doing harm"
  11. Ethical principles-Justice
    • -costs and benefits are to be distributed fairly across participants
    • *random assignments
    • *care with control group
    • **everyone is the study gets to a chance to do everything
  12. Ethical principles- Trust (2)
    -relationship of trust should be established with research participants

    • -certain projects depend on the participant being unaware of features of the design
    • *deception
  13. (trust-ethical principles)  3 wasy to establish trust with participant
    • -informed consent= sheet
    • -confidentiality
    • -anonymity
  14. Example in deception in research
    milgram experiment
  15. types of deception
    active and passive
  16. deception- active (2)

    -tell participant  something about experiment that isnt

    ex) milgram exp. learning and memory but in realtiy it was obdience
  17. deception-passive (2)

    - neglecting to tell a participant certain aspects of study. allows them to develop a wrong idea.

    • ex) they think it is for something but its for another thing
    • *small amount of passive is permissive
  18. Deception should be avoided but...
    may be acceptable under certain circumstances
  19. When patients are being debriefed... 3 things need to happen
    -fully inform participants what happened

    -undo any negative effects

    -NO double deception
  20. ethical principles- scientific integrity
    • -care should be taken to ensure that scientific research leads to valid knowledge
    • *research should be well designed
    • *researcher should record and report data accurately
  21. Researcehr should record and report data accurately...
    must avoid overstating and over interpreting things and faked data