BLS Meds

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BLS Meds
2012-09-23 20:40:01
BLS Meds

BLS Meds
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  1. Asprin Class
    Platelet Inhibitor: Anti-Inflamatory
  2. Asprin Indications
    New Onset Chest Pain suggestive of Acute MI
  3. Aspirin Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity
    • GI Bleeds
  4. Aspirin Adverse Reactions
    • Heartburn
    • GI Bleed
    • Nausea, Vomitting
    • Wheezing in Allergic Patients
    • Prolonged Bleeding
  5. Aspirin Drug Interactions
    Pts Allergic to NSAIDs
  6. Aspirin Dosage
  7. Aspirin Duration of Actions
  8. Albuterol Class
    Sympathomimetic. Broncodilator
  9. Albuterol Mechanism of Action
    B-2 Agonist that effects smooth muscle, relaxing in the bronchial tree
  10. Albuterol Indications
    Treatment of broncospasm in pts with COPD/Asthma
  11. Albuterol Contraindications
    • Hypersensitivity to Albuterol
    • Tachycardia dysrhythmias caused by digitalis
    • Synergistic with other sympathomimetics
  12. Albuterol Adverse Reactions
    Dose related: Restlessness, Tremors, Dizziness, Palpitations, Tachycardia, Nervousness, Nausea, Vomitting, Hyperglycemia, increased BP
  13. Albuterol Dosage
    • Adult: 2.5mg - 10-15min
    • Pedi: 1.25mg
  14. Albuterol Duration
    5-15min: Peak 30min
  15. Activated Charcoal Class
  16. Activated Charcoal Mechanism of Action
    Absorbs toxic substances from the GI Tract
  17. Activated Charcoal Indications
    MED CONTROL: O'Doses
  18. Activated Charcoal Contraindications
    Pt not able to swallow: Ingestions of Corrosives/Caustics
  19. Activated Charcoal Adverse Reactions
    Nausea, Vomitting, Constipation and Black Stools
  20. Activated Charcoal Dosage
    • 1-2gm/Kg
    • If not premixed 1pt charcoal/ 4pt water
  21. Activated Charcoal Duration
    Will act till secreted
  22. Epinephrine Class
  23. Epinephrine Indications
    BLS: Anaphylaxis, Acute Allergic Reactions

    ALS has other indications
  24. Epinephrine Contraindications
    Hypertension, Hypothermia, Pulmonary Edema, Coronary insufficiency, Hypovolemic Shock
  25. Epinephrine Supplied
    • Adult: 0.3mg/ml
    • Pedi: .15mg/ml
  26. Epinephrine Onset
  27. Glucose Class
  28. Glucose MoAction
    Quick absorbed glucose to increase sugar levels
  29. Glucose Indications
    Conscious pt with suspected Hypoglycemia
  30. Glucose Contraindications
    Decreased LOC, Nausea, Vomitting
  31. Glucose Adverse Reactions
    Nausea, Vomitting
  32. Glucose Dosage
    Sipped until clinical improvement noted
  33. Glucose Duration/Onset
    • Onset: Immediate
    • Duration: Varies
  34. Naloxone Class
    Narcotic Antagonist
  35. Naloxone Indications
    • Opiate Overdose
    • Decreased LOC
    • Coma of Unknown Origin
  36. Naloxone Contraindications
    • Use with cautions in Narcotic Dependent Pts
    • Use with cautions in Neonates of Narcotic Dependent Pts
  37. Naloxone Adverse Reactions
    • Withdrawl Symptoms in addicted pts
    • Tachycardia, Hypertension, Dysrhythmias, Nausea, Vomitting and Diaphoresis
  38. Naloxone Dosage
    2mg. 1 each nostril. Be aware you want to make sure pt is breathing but you do not want to wake a OD patient.
  39. Naloxone Duration/Onset
    • Onset: Within 2 min
    • Duration: 30-60min
  40. Nitroglycerin Class
  41. Nitroglycerin indications
    • Acute Angina Pectoris
    • Ischemic Chest Pain
    • Hypertension
    • CHF, Pulmonary Edema
  42. Nitroglycerin Contraindications
    • Hypotension, Hypovolemia
    • Intercranial Bleeding or Head Injury
    • BP <100 Systolic
  43. Nitroglycerin Adverse Reactions
    Headache, Hypotension, Syncope, reflex tachycardia, Flushing, Nausea, Vomitting, Diaphoresis and Muscle Twitching
  44. Nitroglycerin Dosage
    • 1 Tablet : 1 Spray
    • up to 3 doses every 5 mins.
  45. Nitroglycerin Onset/Duration
    • Onset: 1-3min
    • Duration: 20-30min