Card Set Information
What is acute pain?
Short lasting pain less than 6 months.
What is chronic pain?
Long term pain lasting more than 6 months
What is reffered pain?
felt at a site other than the injured or diseased organ or part of the body.
What is the gate control theory?
That pain impulses can be regulated or even blocked by gating mechanisms located along the CNS
What are endorphins?
Activated by stress or pain. A natural supply of morphine-like substances.
What can be done to enhance endorphine production?
Tanscutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, acupuncture, and placebos.
Patients is in pain?
Pain is whatever the client says it is, existing whenever the client says it does.
Why is it important to admister pain meds in timely manner?
Pain is easier to control if its treated before it becomes severe.
Body flooded with epinepherine is called?
Fight or flight response
What is TENS?
Small device that provides continous electric current that closes the gate in the spinal cord thus blocking pain.
Why would TENS be useful?
Continous so good for people with chronic pain.
What is noninvasive pain technique?
Is to decrease the patients peception of pain as well imporve the patients sense of control. (guided imagery)
Invasive pain technique?
Something that enters body and helps pain.
Exert analgesic effects through the inhibition of prostaglandin production.
Relieve pain mainly by action in the CNS, binding to opiod receptor sites in the brain and spinal cord.
Adjuvant analgesics are?
composed of diverse classes of drugs that relieve pain cia variety of mechanisms
Examples of opiods?
Morphine, meperidine, codeine
Examples of nonopioids
Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal antiinflamatory drugs(aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen sodium.
Opiod meds side effects?
Tolerance and physical dependence do occur after 4weeks of regular administration. Not addiction thou.
What is a PCA and benefits?
It is a drug delivery system. If patient needs meds he just pushes a button. With a limit per hour.
Monitor pt. whille on epidural analgesia?
Repiratory rate every 15min. pt level of conciousness, pain intensity, and infusion rate and volume.
The severity, the location and duration. Patients pain. they let the nurse know.
From 1-10 maximum pain level pt function effectively is?
Tachycardia, increased and depth of repirations, diaphoresis, increased systolic and diastolic BP, pallor, dilated pupils, inceased muscle tension. Anything that might be abnormal might be pain.
Documentation pt complains of pain?