Has dealt with the ways in which the human body is used as a social and religious symbol.
Medical materialism- attempts to explain away purity rules by reference to scientific, medical, or hygienic principles.
Mystical participation- assumption that all rituals and regulations of “primitive” peoples are wholly irrational, and have only a magical or mystical significance.
Douglas’s approach is functional (seeking order in disorder).
- Matter out of place- when pathogenicity and
- hygiene are taken out of the picture, pollution is simply “matter out of place”.
- This implies two conditions: a set of ordered
- relations and a contravention of that order.
- Comes from anomalies