Card Set Information
real world chapter3
type of data that can be converted into numbers usually for statistical comparison
type of data that cant be converted into numbers usually because they relate to meaning
a procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collecting concrete data through obeservation and experiment
procedure for acquring knowledge that emphasizes collecting concrete data through observation and experiment.
thorough search through previously published studies relevant to a particlular topic
theoretical statement explaining the relationship between two or more phenomena
one of two or more phenomena that a researcher believes are releated and hpes to prove are related through research
clear and precise definition of a variable that faciliates its measurements
relationship between variables in which a change in one directly produces a change in the other.
thrid variable sometimes overlooked that explains the relationsihip between two other variables
appearance of causation produced by an intervening variable
describe a change in basic assumption of a particular scientific discipline.
naturalistic method based on studying people int heir own enviorment in order tounderstand the meanings they attribute to their activites also the written work that results from the study
methodology associated with ethnography where by the researcher both observes and becomes a member in a social setting.
process by which an thenographer gains entry to a field setting
positive relationship often characterized by mutual trust of sympathy
detailed notes taken by an ethnographer describing her activites and interactions, which later become the basis of the ethnographic analysis
identity and activites of the researcher influence what is going on in the field setting
inductive method of generating theory from data by creating categories in whic hto place data and then looking for relationships between categories
research that can be repeated, and thus verified by other researchers later
degree to which particluar studied groups is similar to, represents any part of the larger society
opinion held by the researcher that might affect the research or analysis
face to face information seeking conversation, sometimes defined as a converssation with a purpose.
someone from whom a researcher solicits info
entire group about which a researcher would like to be able to gerneralize
part of the population that would actually be studied.
a question asked of a respondent that imposes a limit on the possible responses
a question asked of a respondent that allws the answer to take whatever form the repondent chooses
questions that predispose respondent to answer in a certain way
double barreled question
questions that attempt to get at multiple issues at onece and so tend to revieve incomplete answers
method based on questionaires that are administered to a sample of respondents selected from a target population.
way of organizing categories on a survey question so that the respondent can choose an answer along a continium.
survey questions that ask respondents what they dont think instead of what they do.
sample taken so that findings from members of the sample group can be generalized to the whole population
sampling scheme in which the probabiliiy of selecting any given unit is known.
simple random sample
particular type of probability sample in which every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected
techniques for manipulating the sampling procedure so that the sample more closely resmebles hte larger populatioin.
the number or percentage of surveys completed by respondents and returned to researchers.
the consistency of a question or measurement tool; the degree to which the same question will produce similar answers
the assurance that no one other than the researcher will know the idenitity of a respondent.
the accuracy of a question or measurement tool; the degree which a researcher is measuring whaat he thinks he is measuring.
small study carried out to test the feasibilty of a larger one
any data that have already been collected and are available for future research.
comparative and historical methods
methonds that use existing sources to study relationships between elements of society in various regions and time periods.
a method in which researchers identify and study specific variables- such as words- in a text image, or media message
formal tests of specific variables and effects, performed in a controlled setting where all aspects of the situation can be controlled
experiment, the process of regulating all factors except for the independent variable
part of a test group that recieves the experimental treatment
part of a test group that is allowed to continue without intervention so that it can be compared with experiment treatement.
factor that is predicted to cause change
factor that is changed by the indpependet variable
value free sociology
ideal wherby researcher identify facts without allowing their ow personal beliefs or biases to interfere
search for knowledge without any agneda or desire to use that knowledge to effect change
research designed to allow the researcher to use what is learned to create some sort of change
impartiality the ability to allow the facts to speak for themselves
tendency of people and events to react to the process of being studied.
specific example of reactivity, in which the desired effects is the result not of the indpendent variable but of the research itself.
extent to which the participants in a research project are unaware of the project or its goals
code of ethics
ethical guidlines for researchers to consult as they design a project
insitiutional review board
group of scholars within a unviersity who meet regularly to review and approve the research proposals of their colleagues and make recommendation for how to protects human subjects.