History Test 1 Early Native Americans and European Exploration
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Sought the mythical "Found of Youth" in Forida in 1513
Juan Ponce de Leon
Naval captain, 1577 he circumnavigated the globe
Sir Francis Drake
Professinal soldier in Spain, conquered the Aztecs
Sailed along the coasts of what are now Newfoundland, Novia Scotia, and New England. Claimed these lands for England.
Sent by French king to explore Alantic coast
Giovanni de Verranzo
Sent by the Dutch to look for a North-west passage. he found the hudson river, and it gave Dutch the claim to present day Newyork.
Europeans did not deliberatley come to Africa to enslave Africans. It arose in response to the demand of cheap labor. Portugese would treat Africans well at first, but then use them as slaves
Atlantic Slave Trade
"Mother" culture of Mesoamerica. their culture later influenced other people. 1st to develop a writing system. 1200 BC.
Priests studied the stars and made calendars. They made a writing system and number system that used the concept of zero. 400 BC.
Had the largest empire, rose to power in the Andes mountains of South America.
believed in many gods. (polythesism) priests would leave offerings of food, flowers, and even human hearts. Human scarafice made people not like the empire rulers.
during the ice age hunters crossed a landbridge from siberia to North America. This was Native American Migration. What was the bridge called?
People who move to place to place
Diverse ________ of N. America influenced the Native American Cultures across the continent.
Prince Henry's school developed the caravel. It used sails so you could sail against the wind. They also created the magnetic compass, and the astrolobe.
This was determined by inheritance, status, and marriage eligibility. Housing arrangments and social engagements depended on the position of women.
Led to an exchange of ideas between cultures that were thousands of miles distant.
Native American Trade Networks
Farming, (corn, beans, squash, cotton in river and creek bottoms in the desert) they made pottery and baskets...were the accomplishments of who?
Muslims kept their lands but the wars allowed Europeans to experience new lands. Feud based on religion. Holy wards. Ended in 1291. Gave a boost to trade between Europe and the Middle East. Merchants made lots of money.
Rebirth. 1300's. Led to the study of navigation and sailing. a new era of learning began in the wealthy city states of italy.
1271, set out for China. Was there for 17 years. Worked for Kublai Khan. Return of the trip went through Souteat Asia and India. He wrote a book and influenced later explorers
He found the sea route to India. The new trade route helped Portugal become a world power. 1498
Vasco de Gama
He wanted to find a southwest route to Asia
Interaction between Europeans and Native Americans, exchange of plants, animals, language and techonology. Diseases were also spread.
-Last major mound builders
-Most advanced farming society in North America
Trees were considered the center of earth. Bears were thought to be spiritual. When they'd kill them they'd eat their livers raw because they thought they'd get some spiritual essence from it. Who's belief's were these?
Native American Beliefs
They explored the west coat of Africa looking for a searoute to India
1. Why was the deafeat of the Spanish Armada a turning point in history?
The religious issue between Catholic Spain and Protestant England was a turning point because it opened to Atlantic Ocean and North America to English colonizing expeditions.
-Native Americans began farming
-Farming led them to live in villages instead of moving from place to place
3. Columbus' attitudes towards the Native Americans?
He said they were very nice and because of tha the said they'd be easily conquered.
Positive and Negative Effects of Columbus' Voyage?
- The cornw put on his head made him think that there were riches there
- The Spanish Conquest Began
- The people of spain all killed themselves
Where did Columbus think he landed?
Positive and Negative effects of the Columbian Exchange?
Positives-Food, various cultures came into contact, and metal and resources made European nations wealthy
Negatives- Encomienda system, population growth, deadly diseases
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