Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 Classroom in a Book All Review Questions

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  1. (1) 1. Why is Premiere Pro considered a nonlinear editor?
    Premiere Pro lets you place video clips, audio clips, and graphics anywhere in a sequence; rearrange items already in a sequence; add transitions; apply effects; and do any number of other video-editing steps in any order that suits you.
  2. (1) 2. Describe the basic video-editing workflow.
    Shoot your video; transfer it to your computer; create a sequence of video, audio, and still-image clips on the Timeline; add effects and transitions; add text and graphics; mix your audio; and export the finished product.
  3. (1) 3. What is the Media Browser for?
    The Media Browser allows you to browse and import media files without having to open an external file browser.  It is particularly useful when you're working with file-based camera footage.
  4. (1) 4. Can you save a customized workspace?
    Yes.  You can save any customized workspace by choosing Window > Workspace > New Workspace.
  5. (1) 5. What is the purpose of the Source Monitor?  What is the purpose of the Program Monitor?
    You use the monitor panels to view your original clips and your sequence.  You can view and trim your original footage in the Source Monitor and use the Program Monitor to view the Timeline sequence as you build it.
  6. (1) 6. How can you drag a panel to its own floating panel?
    Drag the panel with your mouse while holding down Command.
  7. (2) 1. What is the purpose of the Settings tab in the New Sequence dialog?
    The Settings tabe is used to customize an existing preset or to create a new custom preset.  If you're using a standard media type, a sequence preset is all you should need to select.
  8. (2) 2. How should you choose a sequence preset?
    It's generally best to choose a preset that matches your original footage.  Adobe Premiere Pro makes this easy by describing the presets in terms of camera systems.
  9. (2) 3. What is timecode?
    Timecode is a universal professional system for measuring time in hours, minutes, seconds, and frames.  The number of frames per second varies depending on the recording format.
  10. (2) 4. How do you create a custom sequence preset?
    When you've selected the settings you want for your custom preset, click the Save Preset button, give a name and a description, and click OK.
  11. (2) 5. What capture settings are available inside Adobe Premiere Pro with no additional hardware?
    Adobe Premiere Pro records DV and HDV files if you have a FireWire connection on your computer.  If you have additional connections via installed hardware, consult the documentation for that hardware for the best settings.
  12. (3) 1. Does Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 need to convert P2, XDCAM, or AVCHD footage when it is imported?
    No.  Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 can edit P2, XDCAM, and AVCHD natively.
  13. (3) 2. What is one advantage of using the Media Browser to import tapless media over the File > Import method?
    The Media Browser understands the P2 and XDCAM folder structures and shows you the clips in a visually friendly way.
  14. (3) 3. What should you check if you see "Capture Device Offline" at the top of the Capture panel?
    Check that your camcorder or deck is connected to the computer and that it is turned on and in VCR mode.
  15. (3) 4. What does scene detection do when selected?
    Enabling scene detection causes clips to be automatically logged at each point where the camcorder was stopped or paused.
  16. (3) 5. During the capture process, how do you add extra frames to ensure you have enough footage for transitions?
    Type a number of frames in the Handles option in the Capture area of the Logging tab.
  17. (3) 6. Is the actual media captured to your hard disk during the logging stage of a batch capture?
    Only information about the clip, such as tape name and In and Out points, is captured when creating the batch list.  The clip will be displayed as "Offline" in the Project panel.  The media is captured when you go to the Project panel and perform the batch capture of the offline files.
  18. (4) 1. How do you change the List View headings in the Project panel?
    Click the Panel menu for the Project panel, and choose Metadata Display.  Select the checkbox for any heading you would like to appear.
  19. (4) 2. How can you quickly filter the display of clips in the Project panel to make finding a clip easier?
    Click into the Filter Bin Content Box, and start typing the name of the clip you are looking for.  Adobe Premiere Pro hides any clips that don't match and displays those that do.
  20. (4) 3. How do you create a new bin?
    Click the New Bin button at the bottom of the Project panel.  Or, go to the File menu and choose New > Bin.  Or, right-click a blank area in the Project panel and choose New Bin. Or, press Command-/ [forward slash].  You can also drag and drop clips onto the New Bin button on the Project panel.
  21. (4) 4. If you change the name of a clip in the Project panel, does it change the name of the media file it links to on your hard drive?
    No, you can duplicate, rename, or delete clips in your Project panel, and nothing will happen to your original media files.  Adobe Premiere Pro is a nondestructive editor and will not modify your original files.
  22. (4) 5. What keys can you use to play back video and sound clips?
    The Spacebar plays and stops.  J, K, and L can be used like a shuttle controller to play backward and forward, and the arrow keys can be used to move one frame backward or one frame forward.
  23. (4) 6. How can you change the type of audio channels on a clip if they are not set up in the way you'd like to work?
    Right-click the clip you want to change, and choose Modify > Audio Channels.  Choose the correct option (usually by selecting a preset), and click OK.
  24. (5) 1. What do In and Out points do?
    In the Source Monitor, In and Out points define the part of a clip you would like to use in a sequence.  On the Timeline, In and Out points are used to define parts of your sequence you would like to remove.  They can also be used to define parts of your sequence you would like to render when working with effects and parts of your Timeline you would like to export to create a new video file.
  25. (5) 2. How do subclips help you stay organized?
    Though subclips make little difference to the way Adobe Premiere Pro plays back video and sound, they make it easier for you to divide up your footage into different bins.  For larger projects with lots of longer clips, it can make a big difference to be able to divide up content this way.
  26. (5) 3. Is the Video 2 track in front of the Video 1 track or behind it?
    Upper video tracks are always in front of lower ones.
  27. (5) 4. When would you use the Work Area?
    You would not generally use the Work Area during normal editing.  Instead, you'll use it to define parts of your sequence you would like to render when working with effects or parts of your sequence you would like to export to make a file you can share.
  28. (5) 5. What is the difference between an overwrite edit and an insert edit?
    Clips added to a sequence using an overwrite edit replace any content already in the sequence where they are placed.  Clips added to a sequence using an insert edit displace existing clips, pushing them later (to the right).
  29. (5) 6. How much of your source clip will be added to a sequence if you don't use an In or Out point?
    If you don't add In or Out points to your source clip, Adobe Premiere Pro will use the entire clip when you add it to a sequence.  Just using one of the two marks will limit the part used.
  30. (6) 1. When dragging clips into the Program Monitor, what modifier key do you use to make an insert edit rather than an overwrite edit?
    Hold the Command key when dragging a clip into the Program Monitor to make an insert edit rather than an overwrite edit.
  31. (6) 2. How do you drag and drop just the video or audio part of a clip into a sequence?
    Rather than grabbing the picture in the Source Monitor, drag and drop the filmstrip icon or the audio waveform icon to select only the video or audio part of the clip.
  32. (6) 3. How do you reduce the playback resolution in the Source or Program Monitor?
    Use the Select Playback Resolution menu at the bottom of the monitor to change the playback resolution.
  33. (6) 4. How do you add a marker to a clip or sequence?
    To add a marker, click the Add Marker button at the bottom of the monitor or on the Timeline or press the M key or use the Marker menu.
  34. (6) 5. What is the difference between an extract edit and a lift edit?
    When you extract a section of your sequence using In and Out points, no gap is left behind.  When you lift, a gap remains.
  35. (6) 6. What is the difference between the Delete and Ripple Delete funtions?
    When you delete a clip, a gap is left behind.  When you ripple delete a clip, no gap is left.
  36. (7) 1. How can you apply the default transition to multiple clips?
    Select clips already on the Timeline and choose Sequence > Apply Default Transitions to Selection.
  37. (7) 2. How do you track down a transition by name?
    Start typing the transition name in the Contains textbox in the Effects panel.  As you type, Adobe Premiere Pro displays all effects and transitions (audio and video) that have that letter combination anywhere in their names.  Type more letters to narrow down your search.
  38. (7) 3. How do you replace a transition with another one?
    Drag the replacement transition on top of the transition you're rejecting.  The new one automatically replaces the old one.
  39. (7) 4. Explain three ways to change the duration of a transition.
    Drag the edge of the transition rectangle in the Timeline, do the same thing in the Effect Controls panel's A/B timeline, or change the Duration value in the Effect Controls panel.
  40. (7) 5. What is an easy way to fade audio at the beginning or end of a clip?
    An easy way to fade audio in or out is to apply an audio crossfade transition to the beginning or end of a clip.
  41. (8) 1. Changing the Speed parameter of a clip to 50% has what effect on the length of the clip?
    Reducing a clip's speed causes the clip to become longer, unless the Speed and Duration parameters have been unlinked in the Clip Speed/Duration dialog or the clip is bound by another clip.
  42. (8) 2. What tool is useful in stretching a clip in time to fill a gap?
    The Rate Stretch tool is useful for the common situation of needing to fill a small amount of time.
  43. (8) 3. Can you make time-remapping changes directly on the Timeline?
    Time remapping is best done on the Timeline; because it affects time, it is best (and most easily) used and seen within the Timeline sequence.
  44. (8) 4. How do you create a smooth ramp-up from slow motion to normal speed?
    Add a speed keyframe, and split it by dragging away hald of the keyframe to create a transition between speeds.
  45. (8) 5. What's the basic difference between a slide edit and a slip edit?
    You slide a clip over adjacent clips, retaining the selected clip's original In and Out points.  You slip a clip under adjacent clips, changing the selected clip's In and Out points.
  46. (8) 6. What is the difference between the Replace Clip feature and the Replace Footage feature?
    Replace Clip replaces a single targeted clip on the Timeline with a new clip from the Project panel.  Replace Footage replaces a clip in the Project panel with a new source clip.  Any instance of the clip in any sequence in the project is replaced.  In both cases, the effects of the replaced clip are maintained.
  47. (9) 1. Which Motion paremeter will move a clip in the frame?
    The Motion parameter lets you set a new position for a clip.  If keyframes are used, the effect can be animated.
  48. (9) 2. You want a clip to appear full-screen for a few seconds and then spin away.  How do you make the Motion effect's Rotation feature start within a clip rather than at the beginning?
    Position the playhead where you want the rotation to begin, and click the Add/Remove Keyframe button.  Then move to where you want the spinning to end, and change the Rotation parameter; another keyframe will appear.
  49. (9) 3. How can you start an object rotating gradually and have it stop rotating slowly?
    Use the Ease Out and Ease In parameters to change the keyframe interpolation to be gradual rather than sudden.
  50. (9) 4. If you want to add a drop shadow to a clip, why do you need to use some other motion-related effect besides the Motion fixed effect?
    The Motion fixed effect is the last effect applied to a clip.  Motion takes whatever effects you apply before it (including Drop Shadow) and spins the entire assemblage as a single unit.  To create a realistic drop shadow on a spinning object, use Transform or Basic 3D, and then place a Drop Shadow below one of those effects in the Effect Controls panel.
  51. (10) 1. Describe four ways to set sync points for multicamera clips.
    The four ways are In points, Out points, timecode, and markers.
  52. (10) 2. Identify two ways to have the multicamera source and multicamera target sequences match settings.
    You can either right-click the multicamera source sequence and choose New Sequence from Clip or drag the multicamera source sequence into an empty sequence and let it auto-conform the settings.
  53. (10) 3. Name two ways to switch between angles in the Multi-Camera Monitor.
    To switch angles, you can either click the preview angle in the monitor or use the corresponding shortcut key (1-9) for each angle.
  54. (10) 4. How can you modify an angle after closing the Multi-Camera Monitor?
    You can use any of the standard trimming tools in the Timeline to adjust the edit points for an angle.  If you want to swap the angle, right-click it in the Timeline, choose Multi-Camera from the context menu, and choose the camera angel you want to use.
  55. (11) 1. How can you solo an individual audio channel while playing a clip in the Source Monitor to hear only that channel?
    Use the Solo buttons at the bottom of the audio meters to selectively hear an audio channel for clips in the Source Monitor.
  56. (11) 2. What is the difference between mono and stereo audio?
    Stereo audio has two audio channels, and mono audio has one.  It is the universal standard to record audio from a Left microphone as channel 1 and audio from a Right microphone as channel 2 when recording stereo sound.
  57. (11) 3. How can you view the waveforms for any clip that has audio in the Source Monitor?
    Use the Settings button menu on the Source Monitor to choose Audio Waveform.  You can do the same with the Program Monitor, but you probably won't need to; clips can display waveforms on the Timeline.
  58. (11) 4. What is the difference between normalization and gain?
    Normalization automatically adjusts the gain setting for a clip based on the original volume.  You can use the Gain setting to make manual adjustments.
  59. (11) 5. What is the difference between a J-cut and an L-cut?
    The sound for the next clip begins before the visuals when using a J-cut.  With L-cuts, the sound from the previous clip remains until after the visuals begin.
  60. (11) 6. Does the Aufio Mixer add keyframes to clip segments or tracks?
    The Audio Mixer works exclusively with tracks, never clips.  When you add keyframes using the Audio Mixer, you will not be able to see them (though they will still have an effect) unless you set your audio track to Show Track Keyframes.
  61. (12) 1. To change the apparent speed of an audio clip without changing its duration, which effect would you use?
    The PitchShifter effect can modify the apparent pitch or energy level for a clip while still maintaining sync with a video clip.
  62. (12) 2. What's the difference between the Delay and Reverb effects?
    Delay creates a distinct, single echo that can repeat and gradually fade.  Reverb creates a mix of echoes to simulate a room.  It has multiple parameters that take the hard edge off the echo you hear in the Delay effect.
  63. (12) 3. How do you apply the same audio effect with the same parameters to three audio tracks?
    The easiest way to creat a submix track is to assign those three tracks to that submix track and apply the effect to the submix.
  64. (12) 4. Name three ways to remove background noise from a clip.
    You can use a Notch or Dynamics effect within Adobe Premiere Pro or send the clip to Adobe Audition to use its advanced noise reduction controls.
  65. (13) 1. What are two ways to apply an effect to a clip?
    Drag the effect to the clip, or select the clip and double-click the effect in the Effects panel.
  66. (13) 2. List three ways to add a keyframe.
    Move the current-time indicator in the Effect Controls panel to where you want a keyframe, and activate keyframing by clicking the "Toggle animation" button; move the current-time indicator, and click the Add/Remove Keyframe button; and with keyframing activated, move the current-time indicator to a position, and change a parameter.
  67. (13) 3. Dragging an effect to a clip turns on its paremeters in the Effects Contols panel, but you don't see the effect in the Program Monitor.  Why not?
    You need to move the Timeline current-time indicator to the selected clip to see it in the Program Monitor.  Simply selecting a clip does not move the current-time indicator to that clip.
  68. (13) 4. Describe how you can apply one effect to mutiple clips.
    Add an adjustment layer above the clips you want to affect.  You can then apply an effect that will modify all the clips below the layer.
  69. (13) 5. Describe how to save multiple effects to a custom preset.
    You can click the Effect Controls panel and choose Edit > Select All.  You can also Command-click multiple effects in the Effect Controls panel.  Once selected, choose the Save Preset command from the menu that appears.
  70. (14) 1. Why is the Reference Monitor ganged to the Program Monitor?
    The Reference Monitor shows the contents of the current sequence, just as the Program Monitor does.  By ganging them together, you can be sure the Reference Monitor is displaying the same content, even when you are looking at the vectorscope or waveform display.
  71. (14) 2. How do you change a monitor display to show the YC waveform?
    Click the Settings button menu and choose the display type you would like.
  72. (14) 3. How do you turn off the display of chroma information in the YC waveform?
    Uncheck the Chroma box at the top of the YC waveform display.
  73. (14) 4. Why use monitors like the vectorscope rather than depending on your eyes?
    The way we perceive color is highly subjective and relative.  Depending on the colors you have just seen, you will see new colors differently.  The vectorscope display gives you an objective reference.
  74. (14) 5. How can you apply a look to a sequence?
    You can use effect presets to apply the same color correction adjustments to multiple clips or add an adjustment layer and apply the adjustment to that.  Any clips on lower tracks covered by the adjustment layer will be affected.
  75. (14) 6. Why might you need to limit your luminance or color levels?
    If your sequence is intended for broadcast televisions, you will need to ensure you meet the stringent requirements for maximum and minimum levels.  The broadcaster you are working with will be able to tell you their required levels.
  76. (15) 1. What is the difference between the RGB channels and the alpha channel?
    All of the channels use the same scale.  The difference is that the RGB channels describe color information, while the alpha channel describes opacity.
  77. (15) 2. How do you apply a blending mode to a clip?
    Blending modes are under the Opacity category in the Effects Controls panel.
  78. (15) 3. How do you keyframe clip opacity?
    You adjust clip opacity in the same way that you would adjust clip volume.  Make sure you're viewing the rubber band for the clip you want to adjust, and then click and drag with the Selection tool.  You can also use the Pen tool to make subtle adjustments.
  79. (15) 4. How do you change the way a media file's alpha channel is interpreted?
    Right-click the file and choose Modify > Interpret Footage.  The Alpha Channel options are at the bottom of the panel.
  80. (15) 5. What does it mean to "key" a clip?
    key is usually a special effect where the color of pixels is used to define which part of the image should be transparent and which part should be visible.
  81. (15) 6. Are there any limits to the kinds of clips you can use as a reference for the Track Matte Key effect?
    No, you can use just about anything to create your key with the Track Matte Key effect.  In fact, you can even apply special effects to the reference clip, and the results of those effects will be reflected in the matte.
  82. (16) 1. What are the differences between point text and paragraph (or area) text?
    You create point text with the Type tool.  Its bounding box expands as you type.  Changing the box shape changes the text size and shape accordingly.  When you use the Area Type tool, you define a bounding box, and the characters remain within its confines.  Changing the box's shape displays more or fewer characters.
  83. (16) 2. Why display the title-safe zone?
    Some TV sets cut off the edges of the TV signal.  The amount lost varies from set to set.  Keeping your text within the title-safe margin ensures that viewers will see all your title.  This is less of a problem with newer digital TVs, but it is still a good idea to use the title-safe zone to frame your titles.
  84. (16) 3. Why might the Align tools be dimmed?
    The Align tools become active if more than one object is selected in the Titler.  The Distribute tools also become active when more than two objects are selected.
  85. (16) 4. How do you use the Rectangle tool to make a perfect square?
    To create a perfect square, hold down the Shift key as you draw using the Rectangle Tool.
  86. (16) 5. How do you apply a stroke or drop shadow?
    To apply a stroke or drop shadow, select the text or object to edit, and click its Stroke (Outer or Inner) or Shadow box to add a stroke or a drop shadow.  Then start adjusting parameters, and they will show up on the object.
  87. (17) 1. Why would you choose to make a clip offline?
    If you're working with low-resolution copies of your media files, you'll want to make your clips offline so you can recapture them or reimport them.
  88. (17) 2. Why would you choose to include handles when creating a trimmed project with the Project Manager?
    Trimmed projects include only the parts of your clips used in the sequences.  To give yourself some flexibility, you'd add handles; 24 frame handles would actually add 48 frames to the total duration of each clip, because one handle is added at the beginning and end of each clip.
  89. (17) 3. Why would you choose the Project Manager option called Collect Files and Copy to a New Location?
    If you have imported media files from lots of different locations on your computer, it can be difficult to find everything and stay organized.  By using the Project Manager to collect all of the media files into one location, you'll make it easier to manage your project media files.
  90. (17) 4. What does the Remove Unused option in the Project menu achieve?
    When you choose Remove Unused, Adobe Premiere Pro removes any clips from your project that are not used in a sequence.  Remember, no media files are deleted.
  91. (17) 5. How can you import a sequence from another Adobe Premiere Pro project?
    To import a sequence from another Adobe Premiere Pro project, import the project file as you would import any media file.  Adobe Premiere Pro will invite you to import the entire project or selected sequences.
  92. (17) 6. Will the Project Manager collect Dynamic Link assets, such as After Effect compositions, when creating a new project?
    The Project Manager does not collect Dynamic Link assets when creating a new project.  For this reason, it's a good idea to create any new Dynamic Link projects in the same location as your project folder or in a dedicated folder for your project.  This way, it is easier to locate and copy the assets for the new project.
  93. (18) 1. What are the main formats for exporting digital video if you want to be able to edit the files in the future?
    The primary options for SD are Microsoft DV AVI and Quicktime MOV in DV format.  For HD files, try producing a file using the Match Sequence Settings option, or use a third-party codec.
  94. (18) 2. What Internet-ready media options are available in Adobe Media Encoder?
    This veries by platform.  Both operating systems include Flash (FLV/F4V), H.264, and QuickTime.
  95. (18) 3. What encoding format should you use when exporting to most mobile devices?
    H.264 is the encoding format used when exporting to most mobile devices.
  96. (18) 4. Must you wait for Adobe Media Encoder to finish processing its queue before working on a new project?
    No.  Adobe Media Encoder is a stand-alone application.  You can work in other applications or even start a new Adobe Premiere Pro project while it's processing its render queue.
  97. (18) 5. When you click Record in the Export to Tape dialog, your camcorder remains paused.  What's going on?
    Before Adobe Premiere Pro can start recording a project to tape, it has to render it.  You can do that in advance by opening a sequence and pressing Return or Enter.  Otherwise, when you click the Record button, you'll have to wait a while for Adobe Premiere Pro to process any unrendered portions of your sequence.
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Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 Classroom in a Book All Review Questions
2012-09-27 20:39:06
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