Government Study Guide 2

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Author:
then1nja
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17298
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Government Study Guide 2
Updated:
2010-05-02 22:18:16
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governtment introduction international politics
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a study guide for the second test in government 204
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  1. Bipolar World
    It is a transformation from essential multi state actors to two national actors and their cooperating actors, constituting dominance over two different blocs.
  2. DÉTENTE
    A strategy seeking to relax tensions between adversaries to reduce the possibility of war
  3. NUCLEAR DETERRENCE
    To discourage by fear of nuclear weapons by dissuading an adversary from attacking by threatening to retaliate with nuclear weapons.
  4. IMPERIAL OVERSTRETCH THEORY
    Where super powers sap their own internal strength through costly imperial pursuits and military spending that weakens their economies in relation to economies of their rivals
  5. CONTAINMENT
    A strategy to prevent a great power rival from using force to alter the Balance of Power and increase its sphere of influence
  6. Carter Doctrine
    The doctrine that declared that the United States would use military force to protect its interests in the Persian Gulf region
  7. Reagan Doctrine
    Soviet Union as the focus of evil in the modern world. The doctrine that United Sates will support anti communist insurgents attempting to over throw governments backed by Soviet Union
  8. War
    A condition arising within states or between states when actors use violent means to destroy their opponents or coerce them into submission
  9. Appeasement
    A strategy of making concessions to an aggressor state without retaliation in the hope that if satisfied, it will not make additional claims on the territory of neighbors.
  10. New International Economic Order
    The 1974 policy resolution adopted in the United Nations that called for a North-South Dialogue to open the pathway for the less developed countries of the Global South to participate more fully in the making of international economic policy
  11. Hard Power
    the capacity to coerce through military might
  12. Soft power
    the capacity to co opt through such intangible factors as the popularity of a state’s values and institutions, as opposed to hard power
  13. Cold War
    intense economic, political, military, and ideological rivalry between nations, short of military conflict; sustained hostile political policies and an atmosphere of strain between opposed countries.
  14. Ethnic
    pertaining to or characteristic of a people, esp. a group (ethnic group) sharing a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, or the like.
  15. Kellogg Brand Pact
    was a multinational treaty that prohibited the use of war as "an instrument of national policy" except in matters of self-defense.[1] It was the result of a determined American effort to avoid involvement in the European alliance system.
  16. Schlieffen Plan
    In 1905, 9 years before the start of World War 1,Alfred Graf Von Schlieffen devised a plan for the invasion of France through Belgium, Holland and Luxemburg. This became known as the "Schlieffen plan".
  17. Helsinki Accords
    a series of agreements between East and West concerning arms control, trade, and human rights signed by thirty-five nations in 1975, which encouraged exchanges and interdependence
  18. Triple Alliance
    Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
  19. Triple Entente
    Britain, France, and Russia
  20. World War 1 Time
    • Started June 28, 1914
    • Ended November 11, 1918
  21. World War 2 Time
    • Started September 1, 1939
    • Ended September 2, 1945
  22. Allied Powers
    Great Britain, USA, Soviet Union, France
  23. Axis Powers
    Germany, Italy, Japan
  24. Treaty of Versailles
    Signed June 28, 1919
  25. League of Nations
    • Goals: Global Security
    • Failures: the principle of unanimity

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