Floral Design

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Floral Design
2012-09-25 17:43:13

Floral Design Exam #1 Ch. 1-6
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  1. What factors make the floral industry a worldwide market?
    The improvement of transportation and the increase in air transportation for the shipment of floral prducts to demestic markets and foreign markets have resulted in a worldwide market.
  2. Which three countries are producers and exporters and continue to ge the leaders in worldwide cut flower exports?
    Colombia, Eucador, and teh Netherlands are the leaders in worldwide cut flower exports.
  3. Where are the major production areas? (9)
    • 1.European Union (Ntherlands, Germany,k France, Spain and Italy)
    • 2. South America (Colombia and Ecuador)
    • 3. Central America (Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Honduras, and he Dominican Republic)
    • 4. US (California, Florida, and Hawaii).
    • 5. Africa (Kenya, South Africa, and Zimbabwe)
    • 6. Middle East (Israel)
    • 7. Asian region (Thailand and Singapore)
    • 8. Austraila
    • 9. New Zealand
  4. Where is the traditional focal point for distribution around the world and why?
    Netherlands. The country is not the largest producer but is the largest exporter. Many countries ship the crops the them and have the Netherlands export them.
  5. Where are the major flower production areas in the European Union?
    Ntherlands, Germany,k France, Spain and Italy
  6. Name two countries in South America that continue to be the cut flower production leaders.
    Colombia and Ecuador
  7. Can you name six countries in central America that are heavily invoved in cut flower prodcution?
    Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Honduras, and The Dominican Republic
  8. What 3 countries in Africa are the major growers?
    Kenya, South Africa, and Zimbabwe
  9. Which is the leading country for production and exports in the Middle East?
  10. Which 2 countries in the Asian region contrivute to the world floral market?
    Thailand and Singapore
  11. Name two other countries known for flower production and exporting.
    Austraila and New Zealand
  12. Although flowers are grown in every state, name the three major areas of production in the US.
    California, Florida and Hawaii
  13. Why doesn't the export of floral products always coincide with production areas?
    Ask Jacob!
  14. The US is a primary producer of floral crops. Why does it rank low as a world wide exporter?
    Because it has the flowers that it doesn't have to be imported. The market is primarily domestic, except for the imports.
  15. Name some of the top countries that import and consume the most floral products.
    Germany, US, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, Great Britain, Austria, Belgium/Luxembourg, and Sweden.
  16. Name the major exporters to the US.
    Colomiba, Ecuador, Netherlands, Costa Rica, Mexico and Canada.
  17. Name three main worldwide staple crops and why are these and other crops constantly available.
    Roses, carnations, and chrysanthemums. They are constantly available because they are produced by so many countries.
  18. Define seasonal availability.
    Referring to the peak supply times for flowers and foliage due to the plants natural growth and flowering cycles.
  19. What factors contribute to a shortage of flower crops that affect prices, but will generally not afect the worldwide supply?
    Certain area due to weather and season changes.
  20. Name some traditional "seasonal crops" that are now produced year round.
    Tulips, daffodils and gladioli.
  21. Name crops that are still considered seasonal and are limited to the plant's natural growth and flowering cycles.
    Spring flowering branches, acacia and magnolia tree blossons and holly with berries.
  22. Why are tropical flowers and cut greens available year round?
    They are available year round becuase of the opposite growing seasons in the northern and southern hemispheres. The southern hemispheres climate provides optimal growing conditions when the northern hemisphere is in the winter season.
  23. What is involved in the harvest of flowers?
    Grading, bunching, sleeving conditioning and packaging.
  24. Generally, how and when are flowers harvested?
    They are harvested by hand in greenhouses, growing structures, and open fields. Using shears or sharp knives, flowers are usally harvested in the earl morning and then processed for distribution the same day.
  25. What inherent genetic factors affect the lasting qualities of cut flowers?
    Stem strength, length and firmness; resistance and tolerance to diseases; wilting, and rehydration; structure; color; and petal count.