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ABDOMINO refers to the abdomen.
For example, abdominoplasty means the reconstruction of the abdomen (also known as a tummy tuck).
ARTERIO refers to an artery.
For example, arteriosclerosis refers to hardening and thickening of artery walls.
ARTHRO refers to a joint.
For example, arthritis refers to the inflammation of one or more joints.
BRONCHO refers to the bronchus which is one of the large air tubes leading from the trachea to the lungs.
For example, bronchoscopy is a procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube.
CALC refers to stone.
For example, calculus is a stone within the body, such as a stone in the urinary tract.
CARD refers to the heart.
For example, cardiology is the study of the heart.
CEPH refers to the head.
For example, encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain.
CHOL refers to bile (which is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver).
For example, cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, a complication of gallstones which are formed by cholesterol and pigment in bile.
CHOLEDOCHO refers to a common bile duct.
For example, choledochotomy is an incision in the common bile duct.
CIS means to cut.
Examples of this root word are: Excise (which means to cut out), and Incision (which is a cut usually made by a knife).
Colo refers to the colon.
For example, Colostomy is the establishment of an artificial connection between the lumen of the colon and the skin).
CORP means body.
Examples of this root word are: corpus (which means any body or mass), Extracorporeal means outside the body, and Intracorporeal means inside the body.
CUT means skin.
For example, subcutaneous means below the skin.
CYSTO refers to a bladder (which is an organ serving as a receptacle for fluid, such as the urinary bladder or gallbladder).
For example, cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.
DERM means skin.
For example, epidermis refers to the superficial portion of the skin.
ESPHAGO means esophagus.
For example, esophagogastrectomy is the removal of a portion of the lower esophagus and proximal stomach.
GASTRO means stomach.
For example, gastrectomy is the excision of a part or all of the stomach.
GYNE means woman.
For example, gynecology is the study of diseases of the female genital tract.
HEMO means blood.
For example, hemostasis is the arrest of bleeding.
HYDRO means water.
For example, hydrocyst is a cyst with clear, watery contents.
HYSTERO means uterus.
For example, hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus.
LAPARO means abdomen.
For example, laparoscopy is the examination of the contents of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope passed through the abdominal wall.
LITH or LITHO means stone.
For example, lithotripsy is the crushing of a stone in the renal pelvis, ureter, or bladder, by mechanical force, laser, or focused sound energy.
MAL means bad.
For example, malignant is a reference to a neoplasm, having the property of locally invasive and destructive growth.
MICRO means small.
For example, microsurgery is a surgical procedure performed under the magnification of a surgical microscope.
MYO means muscle.
For example, myoma is a benign neoplasm of muscular tissue.
NEPH means kidney.
For example, nephrectomy is the removal of a kidney.
NEURO means nerve.
For example, neurectomy is the excision of a segment of a nerve.
OOPHERO means ovary.
For example, oopherectomy is the excision of one or both ovaries.
ORCH means testicle.
For example, orchiectomy is the removal of one or both testes.
PATH means sick or bad.
For example, pathology is the form of medical science and specialty practice concerned with all aspects of disease.
PEND means hang down.
For example, appendix is an appendage or appendix-like structure.
PHLEB means vein.
For example, phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein.
PNEUMO means air but may also refer to the lung.
For example, pneumonia is the inflammation of the lung.
SALPINGO refers to the fallopian tube.
For example, mesosalpinx refers to the mesentary of the fallopian tube contained within the broad ligament.
SCLERO means hard.
For example, Arteriosclerosis is the hardening and thickening of artery walls.
SECT means cut.
For example,Dissection means to separate the different structures along natural lines,Resect means to excise a segment of a part, andTransect means to cut across or through.
STOM means mouth or opening.
For example, Anastomosis is the joining of two passages or two hollow organs, such as the intestines, arteries, or ureters).
THERM means heat.
For example, Diathermy is the elevation of temperature within the tissues, produced by high frequency current, ultrasonic waves, or microwave radiation.
THORACO means chest.
For example, Thoracoscopy is the examination of the chest cavity with an endoscope.
TRACHEO means trachea (which is the air passage between the mouth and bronchus).
For example, Tracheostomy is an operation to make an opening into the trachea.
URO means urine.
For example, Urology is the medical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract.
URETERO means ureter.
For example, Ureteropathy means the disease of the ureter.
URETHRO means urethra.
For example, Urethrotomy is the surgical incision of a stricture of the urethra.
VAS means vessel.
For example, Vascular means relating to or containing blood vessels.
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