psychology test 1 prt 2

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psychology test 1 prt 2
2012-09-24 14:44:18

part two of test 1
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  1. Mirror Neurons
    • Autisum, affected by mirror neuron function
    • learn by watching depends on mirror neurons
    • Underly empathy 
  2. split brain research
    functional lateralization of the two lobes. these patients lost all short term memory. two halvs will always work together under normal 
  3. angular gyrus
    involvs graphic language only; reading writing
  4. hippocampus
    since HM this structure is essential to convert fragile data into a permenant ingram (unit of stored data)
  5. Ventromedial nucleus 
    regulates hunger, not based on coloric impact but rather certain features of foods that have been learned through developmental stages. plays important role in how well one can controle food intake 
  6. intracranial brain stimulation reward 
    research in 50's led to thought that one part of brain plays role in pleasure but lead to the discovery of two other parts that deal with pleasure and reward separately 
  7. brain and its relationship to gender identity and sexual orientation
    • in humans INH3 predicts gender identity
    • structural differences predict sexual orientation
    • during prenatal development exposure to testosterone is connected to gender identity but it is not related to sexual orientation
    • later one is in birth order more likely homosexual orientation
    • sexual orientation and gender identity is very complicated and bellshape curve oriented
  8. adrenal gland
    • two glands 
    • outer adrenal cortext stimulated by hormones releases cortisol 
    • center is stimulated by nerve impulses secretes adrenalin and noradrenalin
    • both supress immunesystem 
    • adrenalin and noradrenalin promotes inflamatory response
    • people are built for short term stress
  9. pruning
    • now know brain continues to change and shape itself well into early 20's
    • gets rid of cells that arent being used
    • this accounts for signature of risky adolescent behavior 
    • prefrontal cortex
  10. amygdala
    • fear response and threat intrepretation
    • accounts for signature of autism; inability to look into eyes
  11. phasic pain
    • fast acting characterizied by injury 
    • very large axons 
  12. tonic pain(unable to type fast enough)
    vague and achey sent to slow area(?)
  13. reciever opperating curve
    different people and have high hit rates and high false alarm rates and vice-versa
  14. extrasensory perception
    psychic ability
  15. DRO schedule
    • humane way of modifying behaviors with positive reinforcement.
    • tedious takes skill and time and is used for high stakes psychological problems
  16. learned helplessness
    requires series of events that creates a helplessness
  17. observational learning
    • very important
    • underlys empathy, depends on mirror neuron function
  18. magazine training
    • helping a child aquire a language
    • social interactions
    • relationships; mates shape eachothers behavior
  19. escape avoidance learning
    • fear and anxiety
    • how its learned and how its unleared with certain principles