For example, Rectocele refers to the protrusion of the rectum into the vagina, like a hernia.
ECTOMY means to remove surgically or to cut out.
Examples are: Cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder), and Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus).
O-GRAM means record of.
For example, an electrocardiogram is a test that measures the electrical activity of the heartbeat.
O-GRAPH refers to the means used in making a record.
For example, radiograph is an image produced on a radiosensitive surface, such as a photographic film.
ITIS means inflammation or infection.
Examples are: Cholecystitis which is an inflammation of the gallbladder, and Gastritis which is an inflammation of the stomach wall.
OLOGY means the study or science of.
For example, urology is the study of the urinary tracts of males and females, and the reproductive system of males.
OID means like or similar to.
For example, a dermoid cyst is a pocket or cavity under the skin that contains tissues normally present in the outer layers of the skin.
OMA means tumor or swelling.
For example, adenoma is a benign tumor that has a glandular origin.
O-PEXY means to secure surgically.
For example, nephropexy is the surgical fixation of a floating or mobile kidney.
O-PLASTY means to reshape or reconstruct surgically.
For example, rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure that can shorten or lengthen the nose, change its shape or contour, narrow the nostrils, or lift and define the tip.
O-RRHAPY means to refashion or reposition and stabilize.
For example, herniorraphy is a surgical procedure for repairing a hernia.
O-SCOPY means to look inside of (through a scope).
For example, laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that uses a thin, lighted tube called a laparoscope inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall to examine organs.
SPASM means involuntary contraction.
For example, bronchospasm is a sudden constriction of the muscles in the walls of the bronchioles.
O-STOMY is a created opening between one hollow organ to another or to the skin; or a mouth-like opening.
For example, Anastomosis is the joining of two hollow organs (such as a bowel or blood vessels); stoma refers to the opening created at the junction.A colostomy is a surgical procedure that connects a part of the colon onto the anterior abdominal wall, leaving the patient with an opening in the abdomen called a stoma.
OTOMY means to cut into or make an opening.
For example, gastrotomy is a surgical incision created in the wall of the stomach.