Talking about the general criminal process. What happens? First of all, there’s an arrest. Someone is taken into custody. Now, if for a felony, even if it’s committed outside of his presence, based on probable cause, but he cannot arrest someone for a misdemeanor if that is committed outside of the officer’s presence without a warrant from the court. So, after someone is arrested they are usually brought to the jail, booked into the jail, and then they have the initial appearance in court. At the initial appearance, the judge would advise the defendant of his rights: his right to an attorney, his right to remain silent, his right to a jury trial, to subpoena witnesses, to cross-examine witnesses, and so on. All of these are important rights that a defendant has. Once the information or indictment is filed with the court, then the defendant is arraigned, meaning he has to enter a plea to the charge at the arraignment of guilty or not guilty. If you enter a plea of not guilty, you can almost always change it to guilty later on, but if you enter a plea of guilty, you almost never get to change that back to not guilty later on. The usual approach if for the defendant to enter a plea of not guilty and for his attorney to enter into negotiations with the prosecutor to determine if, in fact, the case is based on valid evidence and what the charges could be reduced to, if it’s a plea bargain. If there is a plea bargain, the defendant would enter into a plea of guilty to whatever the amended charge is. If there is no plea bargain, then it would go to trial and that could be either a trial in front of the judge or a trial in front of the jury.