ethics vocab exam 1

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ffloyd
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ethics vocab exam 1
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2012-09-24 17:20:27
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ethics vocab exam 1
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  1. the use of moral norms and concepts to resolve practival moral issues
    applied ethics
  2. applied ethics focused on healthcare, med science, and med tech
    bioethics
  3. the view that right actions are those sanctioned by one's culture
    cultural relativism
  4. an argument intended to give logically conclusive support to its conclusion
    deductive argument
  5. the study of morality using the methodology of science
    descriptive ethics
  6. the view that right actions are those commanded by God
    divine command theory
  7. the view that moral standards are not objective but are relative to what individuals or cultures believe
    ethical relativism
  8. the study of morality using the tools and methods of philosophy
    ethics
  9. an argument intended to give probable support to its conclusion
    inductive argument
  10. the study of the meaning and justification of basic moral beliefs
    metaethics
  11. belief that objective moral principles allows no exceptions or must be applied the same way in all cases and cultures
    moral absolutism
  12. an argument whose conclusion is a moral statement
    moral argument
  13. the view that there are moral norms or principles that are valid and true for everyone
    moral objectivism
  14. beliefs regarding morally right and wrong actions and morally good and bad persons
    morality
  15. the search for and justification of moral standards or norms
    normative ethics
  16. the overriding of a person's actions or decision-making for his own good
    paternalism
  17. the view that the right actions are those sanctioned by a person
    subjective relativism
  18. the view that the rightness of actions depends solely on the
    relative good produced by individual actions
    act utilitarianism
  19. a moral theory asserting that the rightness of actions depends solely on their
    consequences or results
    consequentialist theory
  20. moral or political theories based on the idea of a social
    contract or agreement among individuals for mutual advantage
    contractarianism
  21. a moral theory asserting that the rightness of actions is determined partly or entirely by their intrinsic nature
    Deontological theory (nonconsequentialist)
  22. the principle that performing a bad action to bring about a
    good effect is never morally acceptable, but performing a good action may sometimes be acceptable even if it produces a bad effect
    doctrine of double effect
  23. an explanation of why an action is right or wrong or why a
    person or a person’s character is good or bad
    moral theory
  24. the view that right actions are those that conform to moral
    standards discerned in nature through human reason
    natural law theory
  25. the view that a right action is one that conforms to a rule
    that, if followed consistently, would create for everyone involved the most beneficial balance of good over bad
    rule utilitarianism
  26. the view that right actions are those that result in the
    most beneficial balance of good over bad consequences for everyone involved
    utilitarianism
  27. a moral theory that focuses on the development of virtuous character
    virtue ethics
  28. a person’s rational capacity for self-governance or self determination 
    autonomy
  29. the alleged pointlessness or ineffectiveness of administering particular treatments
    medical futility
  30. the overriding of a person’s actions or decision making for
    his own good
    paternalism
  31. the overriding of a person’s actions or choices even though
    he is substantially autonomous
    strong paternalism
  32. paternalism directed at persons who cannot act autonomously
    or whose autonomy is greatly diminished
    weak paternalism
  33. an obligation or pledge of physicians, nurses, and others to
    keep secret the personal health information of patients unless they consent to disclosure 
    confidentiality
  34. the authority of persons to control who may possess and use
    information about themselves
    right to privacy

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