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According to the "majic #7, plus or minus 2" theory, what 2 systems is the brain organized into?
- 1. rational
- 2. emotional
- theres a constant competition between these two systems
- ex: rational >> chocolate cake isnt good for me
- emotional>> mmmm yummy cake!
- many times, the emotional part of our brain takes over and distracts us from being rational, without even realizing it.
is the predestined path
for life that an individual has little to no control over.
- the overall concept of fate, is that there is an important force that creates, shapes, guiedes, rewards, and aflicts human life.
- (a force that is out of human control)
the outcomes are determined by non-human sources
What is Jocasta's role in "oedipus the king"?
to reassure Oedipus that he has nothing to worry about. She tries to comfort him by telling him that many men before him have had dreams of "sharing their bed with their mothers". She says, "what should a man fear? its all chance, chance rules our lives...Better to live at random the best we can"
what do the three crossroads symbolize in "oedipus the king"?
they define fate
What is the main theme in "Oedipus the King"?
- that no one can escape from fate. Whether you take one path or the other, the ending will all be the same. (hence, the term, "pre-determined path" for life)
- the use of prophecies in order to predict the fate of ones life
Compare Jocasta and Gilgamesh
Both characters are arrogant - thinking they can escape from their fate/destiny
- both characters are guided in life by death and mortality
how does free-will fit into a life governed by "fatalistic" views or "fate"?
free will allows people to be different from one another
free will allows each person to confront their fate differently/however they wish
although fate may control the circumstances and events in a person's life, the individual has the freedom to accept/reject the fate for their life
the quality of one's life depends on the hero's attitude towards the fate/destiny rather than his or her ability to control it
According to the story, "oedipus the king" is "free-will" REALLY free?
no. Oedipus tried to run away (his freedom to reject, rather than accept, what he heard his fate would be in life). In the end, even using his free-will view for life did not work. He still ended up killing his father and sleeping with his mother.
what trait of Oedipus ultimately lead him to his death/suffering?
his pride lead to destruction
What are some common "Genres" in Drama?
tragedy >> something destructive happens (according to Aristotle, trajedy "shows" rather than "tells" a story/circumstance/lesson)
tragedies ultimately lead to the ruin of the protagonist
Short-lived difficulties>> protagonist can overcome these types of difficulties
happy-endings>> usually also include a bit of comedy and tragedy
Why do we enjoy plays/dramas about suffering
- because we can relate to them
- they make us feel better about our own lives - makes our problems seem less important/smaller they are emotionally purifying