culture

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Author:
melissag94
ID:
173053
Filename:
culture
Updated:
2012-09-24 17:06:04
Tags:
world cultures
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Description:
introduction quiz
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  1. term used by anthropologists, means all the way of life and knowledge
    culture
  2. culture is ?
    the learned behavior of people
  3. what is included in culture?
    • customs
    • values
    • language
    • religious beliefs
  4. basic technology for society to function effectively
    infrastructure
  5. examples of infrastructure?
    • power grid
    • sewers
    • railroads
    • highways
    • schools
  6. an attitude or belief that a group holds to be important
    value
  7. the usual way of acting
    custom
  8. pattern of behavior or thought that is handed down
    tradition
  9. ex of value?
    working hard- american dream
  10. ex of custom?
    saying hello when answering a phone
  11. ex of tradition?
    eating turkey on thanksgiving
  12. a characteristic that is held by common members of the same culture
    cultural trait
  13. throughout history, cultural traits have flowed from cultural group to another, which is called..
    cultural diffusion
  14. how was cultural diffusion accomplished?
    via war, trade and telecommunications
  15. when two cultural groups have sustained contact with each other over a long period
    acculturation
  16. the process of giving up part of one's identity to join a group
    assimilation
  17. what happens during the process of assimilation?
    an individual's beliefs and values may begin to change
  18. refers to when people in society share many of the same traits
    homogenous
  19. homogenous is what theory?
    melting pot theory
  20. society consists of many different ethnic and or racial groups, social classes, languages and dialects and cultural tradtions
    heterogeneous
  21. heterogeneous is what theory?
    salad bowl theory
  22. refers to feelins of confusion, distress, and sometimes depression that can result from the psychological stress caused by the strain of rapidly adjusting to an alien culture
    culture shock
  23. indigenous?
    refers to the native people of an area
  24. the conceptions of appropriate and expected behavior that are held by most members of the society
    norms
  25. any behavior or action that is forbidden by the majority of society based on social norms
    taboo
  26. all cultures experience change, can be slow and may not be noticed for year. what is it true for?
    modern cultures that have not been influenced by technology
  27. the world of the late 20th century is more than ever one of ?
    interdependence
  28. all nations are connected through economics and technology
    globalization
  29. What is happening to the world?
    • we arent as unique as we once were
    • nations and cultures are becoming more connected through the internet, corporations and economics
  30. regarding one's own culture as being superior to others and judging other cultures from the perspective of your own culture
    ethnocentrism
  31. accepting another culture, belief, custom, value even if it is not congruent as your own
    tolerance
  32. the meaning of race?
    • race is not an indicator of language, religion or nationality
    • *race is primarily a biological concept

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