kinesiology

Card Set Information

Author:
BryanHimmel
ID:
173062
Filename:
kinesiology
Updated:
2012-09-27 21:30:18
Tags:
kinesiology
Folders:

Description:
kinesiology cards
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user BryanHimmel on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Pec. Minor
    • O:  Ant. surface of 3-5 ribs
    • I:  Coracoid process of scapula
    • A:  Depression, protraction, downward rotation
    • N:  Medial pectoral nerve
  2. Infraspinatus
    • O:  Infraspinatus fossa
    • I:  Greater turbercle of humerus
    • A:  External rotation, horizontal abduction
    • N:  Suprascapular nerve
  3. Subscapularis
    • O:  Subscapular fossa of scapula
    • I:  Lesser tubercle of humerus
    • A:  Internal rotation
    • N:  Upper & Lower subscapular nerves
  4. Trapezius
    • Upper
    • O:  Occipital bone, nuchal ligament
    • I:  Lateral 1/3 of clavicle, acromian process
    • A:  Scapular elevation, upward rotation [retraction]
    • N:  Accessory nerve

    • Middle
    • O:  Spinous process of C7-T3
    • I:  Superior portion of scapular spine
    • A:  Scapular retraction
    • N:  Accessory nerve

    • Lower
    • O:  Spinous process T6-T12
    • I:  Base of scapular spine (near vertebral border)
    • A:  Scapular depression, upward rotation [retraction]
    • N:  Accessory nerve
  5. Supinator
    • O:  Lateral epicondyle of humerus & adjacent ulna
    • I:  Anterior, proximal radius
    • A:  Supination
    • N:  Posterior interosseous nerve
  6. Biceps Brachii
    • O:  (Long head) Supraglenoid tubercle (tendon through bicipital groove)
    • (Short head) Coracoid process of scapula
    • I:  Radial tuberosity of radius
    • A:  Elbow flexion, supination (to neutral), [shoulder flexion]
    • N:  Musculocutaneous & radial nerve
  7. Pronator Quadratus
    • O:  Distal 1/4 of ulna
    • I:  Distal 1/4 of radius
    • A:  Pronation
    • N:  Median nerve
  8. Pronator Teres
    • O:  Medial epicondyle of humerus & coranoid process of ulna
    • I:  Lateral aspect of radius
    • A:  Pronation
    • N:  Median nerve
  9. Brachioradialis
    • O:  Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
    • I:  Styloid process of radius
    • A:  Elbow flexion
    • N:  Radial nerve
  10. Extensor Digiti Minimi
    • O:  Lateral Epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Distal phnalanxe of 5th digit
    • A:  Extension of DIP, PIP & MCP joints [wrist extension]
    • N:  Radial nerve
  11. Extensor Indices
    • O:  Distal ulna
    • I:  Base of Distal phalanx of 2nd digit
    • A:  Extension of 1st DIP, PIP & MCP joints [wrist extension]
    • N:  Radial nerve
  12. Extensor digitorum
    • O:  Lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Distal phalanx digits 2-5
    • A:  Extension of DIP, PIP & MCP joints [wrist extension]
    • N:  Radial nerve
  13. Flexor digitorum profundus
    • O:  Upper 3/4 of ulna
    • I:  Distal Phalanx, digits 2-5
    • A:  Flexion of DIP, PIP, & MCP joint, [wrist flexion]
    • N:  Median and ulnar nerves
  14. Flexor digitorum superficialis
    • O:  Medial epicondyle of humerus, coranoid process of ulna and adjacent radius
    • I:  Sides of middle phalanx, digits 2-5
    • A:  Flexion of digits 2-5 (at PIP & MCP joints) [wrist flexion]
    • N:  Median nerve
  15. Palmaris longus
    • O:  Medial epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Palmar fascia on anterior surface of hand
    • A:  [wrist flexion]
    • N:  Median nerve
  16. Extensor carpi radialis longus
    • O:  Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
    • I:  Base of 2nd MC, posterior surface
    • A:  Wrist extension, radial deviation
    • N:  Radial nerve
  17. Flexor carpi radialis
    • O:  Medial epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Base of 2nd & 3rd MC
    • A:  Wrist flexion, radial deviation
    • N:  Median nerve
  18. Extensor carpi ulnaris
    • O:  Lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Base of 5th MC, posterior surface
    • A:  Wrist extension, ulnar deviation
    • N:  Posterior interosseous nerve
  19. Extensor carpi radialis brevis
    • O:  Lateral epidondyle of humerus
    • I:  Base of 3rd MC, posterior surface
    • A:  Wrist extension, [radial deviation]
    • N:  Posterior interosseous nerve
  20. Flexor carpi ulnaris
    • O:  medial epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Pisiform & base of 5th metacarpal
    • A:  Wrist flexion, ulnar deviation
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  21. Anconeus
    • O:  Lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • I:  Lateral inferior olecranon process
    • A:  Prevents the annular ligament from being pinched in olecranon fossa during extension
    • N:  Radial nerve
  22. Brachialis
    • O:  Distal 1/2 of humerus, anterior surface
    • I:  Ulnar tuberosity of ulna
    • A:  Elbow flexion
    • N:  Radial nerve
  23. Triceps brachii
    • O:  (Long head) infraglenoid tubercle of scapula
    • (short/lateral head) posterior humerus inferior to greater tubercle
    • (Medial head) Posterior distal surface of humerus
    • I:  Olecranon process of ulna
    • A:  Elbow extension
    • N:  Radial nerve
  24. Teres Major
    • O:  Axillary border of scapula near inferior angle
    • I:  Crest below lesser tubercle of humerus
    • A:  Extension, internal rotation, adduction
    • N:  Lower subscapular nerve
  25. Teres minor
    • O:  Axillary border of scapula
    • I:  Greater tubercle of humerus
    • A:  External rotation, horizontal abduction
    • N:  Axillary nerve
  26. Deltoid
    • Anterior head
    • O:  Lateral 1/3 of clavicle
    • I:  Deltoid tuberosity
    • A:  Shoulder flexion, internal rotation, horizontal adduction
    • N:  Axillary nerve

    • Middle head
    • O:  Acromian process of scapula
    • I:  Deltoid tuberosity
    • A:  Shoulder abduction
    • N:  Axillary nerve

    • Posterior head
    • O:  Spine of scapula
    • I:  Deltoid tuberosity
    • A:  Shoulder extension, hyperextension, external rotation, horizontal abduction
    • N:  Axillary nerve
  27. Latissimus Dorsi
    • O:  Spinous process of T7-L5, posterior surface of sacrum, iliac crest, lower 3 ribs, inferior angle of scapula
    • I:  Medial lip of bicipital groove of humerus
    • A:  Extension, hyperextension, internal rotation, adduction
    • N:  Thoracodorsal nerve
  28. Levator Scapula
    • O:  Transverse process of C1-C4
    • I:  Vertebral border of scapula below superior angle and base of spine of scapula
    • A:  Scapular elevation, downward rotation
    • N:  Dorsal scapular nerve
  29. Rhomboids
    • O:  Spinous processes C7-T5
    • I:  Vertebral border of scapula between spine & inferior angle
    • A:  Retraction, downward rotation, [elevation]
    • N:  Dorsal scapular nerve
  30. Coracobrachialis
    • O:  Coracoid process
    • I:  Medial surface of humerus
    • A:  Stabalize shoulder joint, [flexion, adduction]
    • N:  Musculocutaneous nerve
  31. Lumbricals
    • O:  Tendon of flexor digitorum profundus
    • I:  Tendon of extensor digitorum
    • A:  MCP flexion while maintaining extension of DIP & PIP digits 2-5
    • N:  Digits 2 & 3 - median nerve
    • Digits 4 &5 - ulnar nerve
  32. Flexor digiti minimi
    • O:  Hamate & flexor retinaculum
    • I:  Proximal phalanx of 5th digit
    • A:  flexion of 5th MCP
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  33. Abductor digiti minimi
    • O:  Pisiform and tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris
    • I:  Medial surface of proximal phalanx of 5th digit
    • A:  Abduction of 5th MCP
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  34. Flexor pollicis longus
    • O:  Anterior radialis
    • I:  Distal phalanx of thumb
    • A:  Flexion of thumb at IP, MCP, CMC joints
    • N:  Median nerve
  35. Opponens pollicis
    • *Thenar
    • O:  Trapezium and flexor retinaculum
    • I:  Posterior surface of 1st MC (wraps anteriorly)
    • A:  Opposition of CMC in thumb
    • N:  Median nerve
  36. Flexor Pollicis Brevis
    • *Thenar
    • O:  Trapezium & flexor retinaculum
    • I:  Proximal phalanx of 1st digit
    • A:  Flexion of 1st CMC, MCP
    • N:  Median nerve
  37. Adductor pollicis
    • *Thenar/ sometimes considered deep palmar
    • O:  Capitate, base of 2nd & 3rd MC
    • I:  Proximal phalanx on medial side
    • A:  Adduction of 1st CMC
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  38. Abductor Pollicis longus
    • O:  Posterior radius, interosseous membrane, adjecent ulna
    • I:  Base of 1st MC
    • A:  Abduction of 1st CMC
    • N:  Radial Nerve
  39. Extensor Pollicis Longus
    • O:  Middle poserior ulna, adjacent interosseous membrane
    • I:  Distal phalanxe of thumb
    • A:  Extension of the IP, MCP, & CMC of thumb
    • N:  Radial nerve
  40. Abductor Pollicis Brevis
    • *Thenar
    • O:  Scaphoid, trapezium & flexor retinaculum
    • I:  Proximal phalanx of thumb
    • A:  Abduction of 1st CMC
    • N:  Median nerve
  41. Palmar Interossei
    • O:  Palmar surface of the 1st, 2nd, 4th, & 5th MC
    • I:  Proximal phalanx of digits 1, 2, 4 & 5
    • A:  Adduction of MCP digits 1, 2, 4 & 5
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  42. Dorsal Interossei
    • O:  Adjacent two MC
    • I:  Proximal phalanx of digits 2, 3 (twice), and 4
    • A:  Abduction of MCP digits 2-4
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  43. Extensor pollicis brevis
    • O:  Posterior distal radius
    • I:  Base of proximal phalanx of thumb
    • A:  Extension of 1st CMC, MCP
    • N:  Radial Nerve
  44. Opponens digiti minimi
    • O:  Hamate and flexor retinaculum
    • I:  Posterior surface of 5th MC
    • A:  Opposes 5th digit at CMC
    • N:  Ulnar nerve
  45. Serratus Anterior
    • O:  Lateral surface of upper 8 ribs
    • I:  Vertebral border of scapula
    • A:  Protraction, upward rotation, *prevents scapular winging*
    • N:  Long thoracic nerve
  46. Pectoralis major
    • Clavicular
    • O:  Medial 1/3 of clavicle
    • I:  Lat. lip of bicipital groove
    • A:  shoulder flexion to 90 degrees
    • N:  Lateral & medial pectoral nerve

    • Sternal
    • O:  Sternum & costal cartilage of ribs 1-6
    • I:  Lateral lip of bicipital groove
    • A:  Extension from 90 degrees of flexion to 0 degrees
    • N:  Lateral & medial pectoral nerve

    Both:  Horizontal adduction, adduction, internal rotation
  47. Supraspinatus
    • O:  Supraspinatus fossa
    • I:  Greater tubercle of humerus (Passes inferior to acromion process)
    • A:  abduction
    • N:  Suprascapillary nerve
  48. What is the significance of scapulohumeral rhythm?  (3 main points)
    • It helps to maintain good contact between humerus and scapila, Increasing joint stability.
    • It distributes motion between two joints, increasing range of motion.
    • Permits muscles to maintain good length-tension relationship, decreasing chance to reach active insufficiency.
  49. Which muscles make up the
    -Thenar eminence?
    -Hypothenar eminence?
    -Deep Palmar?
    • Thenar:  Flexor pollicis brevis, abductor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis, adductor pollicis
    • Hypothenar muscles:  Flexor digiti minimi, abductor digiti minimi, opponens digiti minimi
    • Deep palmar muscles:  Dorsal Interossei, palmar interossei, lumbricals
  50. What 10 structures are found in the carpal tunnel?
    • The median nerve
    • Flexor pollicis longus tendon
    • (4) tendons of flexor digitorum superficialis
    • (4) tendons of flexor digitorum profundus
  51. Sartorius
    • "Tailor muscle"
    • O:  ASIS
    • I:  Posterior proximal medial tibia
    • A:  Simultaneously performs hip flexion, abduction, and external rotation
    • N:  Femoral Nerve
  52. Vastus medialis
    • O:  Medial linea aspera
    • I:  Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon
    • A:  Knee extension
    • N:  Femoral
  53. Vastus lateralis
    • O:  Lateral linea aspera
    • I:  Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon
    • A:  Knee extension
    • N:  Femoral nerve
  54. Vastus intermedius
    • O:  Anterior Femur
    • I:  Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon
    • A:  Knee extension
    • N:  Femoral nerve
  55. Popliteus
    • O:  Lateral condyle of the femur
    • I:  Posterior medial condyle of tibia
    • A:  Initiate knee flexion from a locked position
    • N:  Tibial nerve
  56. What are the 3 functions of the patella?
    • 1) Changes line of pull, increasing mechanical advantage of quadriceps
    • 2) Protects the knee (ACL &PCL especially)
    • 3) Protects quadriceps tendon by reducing friction between tendon and femoral condyles
  57. Iliofemoral ligaments
    -Points of insertion
    -points of reinforcement
    -movements limitations
    • From anterior inferior iliac spine to intertrochanteric line
    • Reinforces anterior & inferior portion of joint
    • Limits hyperflexion
  58. Peroneus longus
    • O:  Proximal, lateral fibula & adjacent interosseous membrane
    • I:  Plantar surface of 1st cuneiform & 1st MT
    • A:  Eversion [plantarflexion] *Supports transverse arch*
    • N:  Superficial peroneal nerve
  59. Tibialis anterior
    • O:  Lateral Tibia & interosseous membrane
    • I:  1st cuneiform & 1st MT
    • A:  Ankle dorsiflexion, inversion
    • N:  Deep peroneal nerve
  60. Peroneus brevis
    • O:  Distal, lateral fibula
    • I:  plantar surface of base of 5th MT
    • A:  Eversion [plantarflexion]
    • N:  Superficial peroneal nerve
  61. Extensor digitorum longus
    • O:  Fibula, interosseous membrane & adjacent tibia
    • I:  Distal phalanx of toes 2-5
    • A:  Extension of MTP, PIP, DIP (2-5) [dorsiflexion]
    • N:  Deep peroneal nerve
  62. Extensor hallucis longus
    • O:  Fibula & interosseous membrane
    • I:  1st distal phalanx
    • A:  Extends IP & MTP [dorsiflexion & inversion]
    • N:  Deep peroneal nerve
  63. Peroneus tertius
    • O:  Distal, medial fibula
    • I:  Dorsal surface into base of 5th MT
    • A:  [Dorsiflexion, eversion]
    • N:  Deep peroneal nerve
  64. Flexor digitorum longus
    • O:  Posterior tibia
    • I:  Plantar surface of distal phalanx (2-5)
    • A:  Flexion of DIP, PIP & MTP (digits 2-5) *supports medial & lateral longitudinal arches*
    • N:  Tibial nerve
  65. Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL)
    • O:  Lateral side of ASIS
    • I:  Lateral condyle of tibia via IT band
    • A:  Simultaneously performs flexion & abduction
    • N:  Superior gluteal nerve
  66. Rectus Femoris
    • O:  AIIS
    • I:  Tibial tuberosity of tibia
    • A:  Hip flexion, knee extension
    • N:  Femoral nerve
  67. Pectineus
    • O:  Superior ramus of pubis
    • I:  Pectineal line of the femur (posterior, medial surface)
    • A:  [Hip flexion, adduction, internal rotation]
    • N:  Femoral and obturator nerve
  68. Adductor magnus
    • O:  Ischium and Pubis
    • I:  Entire length of linea aspera & adductor tubercle
    • A:  Hip adduction
    • N:  Obturator nerve
  69. Semimembranosus
    • O:  Ischial tuberosity
    • I:  Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia
    • A:  Hip extension, knee flexion
    • N:  Sciatic nerve
  70. Iliopsoas
    • O:  (Iliac) Iliac fossa
    • (Psoas) anterolateral vertebral bodies (T12-L5)
    • I:  Lesser trochanter
    • A:  Hip flexion
    • N: (Iliac) Femoral nerve
    • (psoas) lumbar plexus
  71. Gluteus maximus
    • O:  Posterior Sacrum & Ilium
    • I:  Posterior femur distal to greater trochanter
    • A:  Hip extension, external rotation
    • N:  Inferior gluteal nerve
  72. Gracilis
    • O:  Pubis
    • I:  Anterior medial surface of proximal tibia (passing behind medial condyle of femur)
    • A:  [Hip adduction, knee flexion]
    • N:  Obturator nerve
  73. Adductor brevis
    • O:  Pubis
    • I:  Pectineal line & proximal linea aspera
    • A:  Hip adduction
    • N:  Obturator nerve
  74. Adductor longus
    • O:  Pubis
    • I:  Middle 1/3 of linea aspera
    • A:  Hip adduction
    • N:  Obturator nerve
  75. Gamellus superior
    • O:  Ischium
    • I:  Greater trochanter of femur
    • A:  External rotation of hip
    • N:  Sacral plexus
  76. Piriformis
    • O:  Sacrum
    • I:  Greater trochanter of femur
    • A:  External rotation
    • N:  Sacral plexus
  77. Gluteus medius
    • O:  Lateral surface of ilium
    • I:  Lateral side of greater trochanter
    • A:  Hip abduction
    • N:  Superior gluteal nerve
  78. Quadratus femoris
    • O:  Ischial tuberosity
    • I:  Greater trochanter of femur
    • A:  External hip rotation
    • N:  Sacral plexus
  79. Gamellus superior
    • O:  Ischial tuberosity
    • I:  Greater trochanter of femur
    • A:  External rotation
    • N:  Sacral plexus
  80. Obturator externus
    • O:  Rami of pubis and ischium
    • I:  Greater trochanter of femur
    • A:  External rotation of femur
    • N:  Obturator nerve
  81. Obturator internus
    • O:  Rami of pubis and ischium
    • I:  Greater trochanter of femur
    • A:  External hip rotation
    • N:  Sacral plexus
  82. Biceps femoris
    • O:  (Long head) Ischial tuberosity
    • (short head) Lateral lip of linea aspera
    • I:  Fibular head
    • A:  (long head) hip extension, knee flexion
    • (short head) knee flexion
    • N:  Sciatic nerve
  83. Gluteus minimus
    • O:  Lateral ilium
    • I:  Anterior surface of greater trochanter
    • A:  Hip internal rotation, abduction
    • N:  Superior gluteal nerve
  84. Plantaris
    • O:  Posterior lateral condyle of femur
    • I:  Calcaneal tuberosity via achilles tendon
    • A:  [plantar flexion, knee flexion]
    • N:  Tibial nerve
  85. Gastrocnemius
    • O:  (Lateral head) lateral condyle of the femur
    • (medial head) medial condyle of femur
    • I:  calcaneal tuberosity via achilles tendon
    • A:  Knee flexion, ankle plantarflexion
    • N:  Tibial nerve
  86. Semitendonosis
    • O:  Ischial tuberosity
    • I:  Anterior, medial condyle of tibia
    • A:  Hip extension, knee flexion
    • N:  Sciatic nerve
  87. Soleus
    • O:  Posterior tibia & fibula
    • I:  Calcaneal tuberosity via achilles tendon
    • A:  Ankle plantar flexion
    • N:  Tibial nerve
  88. Flexor hallucis longus
    • O:  Posterior fibula & interosseous membrane
    • I:  Plantar surface of distal 1st phalanx
    • A:  Flexes IP & 1st MTP  [plantarflexion, inversion] *supports medial longitudinal arch*
    • N:  Tibial nerve
  89. Tibialis posterior
    • O:  Interosseous membrane & adjecent tibia & fibula
    • I:  Plantar surface of navicular, MT (1-3), & cuneiform
    • A:  Inversion [ankle plantarflexion] *supports medial longitudinal arch*
    • N:  Tibial nerve

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview