biology 2nd test
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What are the 3 kinds of work (ATP powers cellular work)?
Motor proteins, Active transport, Phosphorylation of enzymes
ATP consists of?
- Ribose (sugar)
- Adenine (nitrogenous base)
- 3 Phosphate groups in a "chain"
Due to the _________ ______,ATP has _______ charges which means it is ________ and has a _______ energy state.
Phosphate group, negative, unstable, higher
Mechanical work involves?
Transport work involves?
Chemical work involves?
Assembly, Phosphorylation of enzymes, and reactions
What are the 3 levels of cellular work
Mechanical work, Transport work, Chemical work
Done by phosphate group transfer energy coupling. Use of _______ reaction to drive an _________ reaction.
How are the bonds broken between the phosphate groups in ATP?
ATP + H2O <----->____+_____
ADP + Pi
_____ + ______<-------> ADP + Pi
ATP + H2O
_______ is released when the terminal bond is broken.
What is endergonic?
a chemical reaction that requires input of energy (change in Gibbs free energy change >0)
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