U.S. History - Wars

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Author:
jhl2011
ID:
17324
Filename:
U.S. History - Wars
Updated:
2010-05-02 20:35:17
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us history wars
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Description:
Wars throughout U.S. history, causes, effects, etc.
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  1. King William's War (1689-1697)
    • a.k.a. War of the League of Augsburg (Europe)
    • no major battles in U.S.
    • several bloody border raids by Indians
    • ended by Treaty of Ryswick, no territorial changes
  2. Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)
    • a.k.a. War of Spanish Succession (Europe)
    • 12 years of sporadic fighting against France and Spain
    • ended by Treaty of Utrecht, Britain gains major territorial and trade advantages
  3. King George's War (1739-1748)
    • a.k.a. War of Jenkin's Ear (Europe) or War of Austrian Succession
    • American troops accompany Britain in several important expeditions
    • suffer many casualties
    • William Peppererell leads New England army to capture the French fort, Louisbourg (1745)
    • ended by Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, Britain returns Louisbourg to France
  4. The French and Indian War
    • a.k.a. Seven Years War (Europe)
    • George Washington asks French to leave Pennsylvania
    • French refuse, Washington leads 200 VA militamen, forcefully expels them (1754)
    • Benjamin Franklin proposes plan for intercolonial gov't, not supported by other states
    • British send Maj. General Edward Braddock with several regiments of British troops to Fort Duquesne, ambushed by French and Indian forces, 2/3 of army (including Braddock) are killed
    • Britain retaliates, William Pitt uses leadership to take large parts of French empire in America (1760)
    • ended by Treaty of Paris (1763), ends hostilities, France loses all North American land, greatly increases Anglophilic sentiments among Americans
  5. American Revolution (causes)
    • Americans react strongly against British attempts to earn revenue from the colonies
    • colonists see there actions as justified in protecting their rights, Britain sees their actions as belligerent and ungrateful
    • Stamp Act Congress (1765)-meeting of delegates from nine colonies, assert that Americans should not be taxed without their consent, not fairly represented in Parliament because of their distance from Britain, Stamp Act is repealed
    • Boston Tea Party rejects the Tea Act by destroying large amounts of tea
    • Britain threatens to dissolve Massachusetts legislature over Samuel Adams' Massachusetts Circular Letter, send troops to colonies to protect tax collectors and customs officials from harrassment
    • mob violence against several British troops causes the "Boston Massacre", extremely inflammatory responses against British troops arise
    • First Continental Congress is called in response to the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
  6. American Revolution (Battle of Lexington and Concord)
    • General Gage is ordered to destroy large amounts of colonial arms at Concord
    • confronted by militia of minutemen at Lexington, one shot sets off open fire by British, killing eight Americans
    • British continue to Concord, armaments already moved
    • start of open warfare with Britain, Gage becomes besieged in Boston
  7. American Revolution (Bunker Hill)
    • May 1775
    • Americans fortify Breed's Hill, able to bombard Boston if necessary
    • Gage is urged to attack Americans, break siege
    • British don't gain any ground until Americans run out of ammunition, remain trapped in Boston
    • bloodiest battle of the war

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