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T or F:
During handwashing, foodhandlers must vigourously scrub their hands and arms for 5 seconds.
F (10-15 seconds)
T or F:
Gloves should be changed before beginning a different task
T or F:
Foodhandlers must wash their hands after smoking
T or F:
A foodhandler diagnosed with shigellosis cannot continue to work at an establishment while he/she has the illness
T or F:
Hand antiseptics should only be used before handwashing
What are five ways where foodhandlers can contaminate food?
- 1. Have a foodborne illness
- 2. Have symptoms of diarrhea, vomiting or jaundice
- 3. Have wounds that contain a pathogen
- 4. Have contact with a person who is ill
- 5. Touch something contaminated and then fail to wash hands
Who are "carriers?"
Those that can spread an infection without getting it themselves
Why is handwashing so important?
Because a simple act of running fingers through your hair, wiping your nose, scratching parts of your body or touching an infection and NOT washing afterward can contaminate food.
What do the diseases AIDS, Hepititis B, and tuberculosis have in common
They cannot be transmitted through food.
What is the most critical aspect of personal hygiene?
Washing of hands
What are the five steps of proper handwashing?
- 1. Wet your hands & arms with running water as hot as you can comfortably stand (at least 100°F)
- 2. Apply & lather soap
- 3. Scrub hands & arms for at least 10-15 seconds
- 4. Rinse hands & arms under running water
- 5. Dry hands with a single-use paper towel or warm-air hand dryer
Foodhandlers must wash their hands before they start work and after:
- Using the restroom
- Handling raw meat, poultry, & seafood (before & after)
- Touching hair, face, body
- Sneezing, coughing, or using a tissue
- Smoking, eating, drinking, chewing gum or tobacco
- Handling chemical that might affect the safety of food
- Taking out the garbage
- Clearing tables or busing dirty dishes
- Touching clothing or aprons
- Touching any surface that might contaminate food
- Handling money
Guidelines for hands:
- Keep fingernails short & clean
- Don't wear false fingernails
- Don't wear nail polish
- Wear a bandage over wounds and a single-use glove or finger cot over the bandage
Single-use glove guidelines:
- 1. Should be disposable -- single use only
- 2. Different gloves for different tasks -- long gloves for salads, colored gloves to prevent coss-contamination
- 3. Provide different sizes
- 4. Make sure gloves are specifically made for food contact
- 5. Use latex alternatives
Food handlers should change their gloves:
- 1. Before the beginning of each new task
- 2. At least every 4 hours
- 3. After handling raw meat and before handling ready-to-eat food
Aspects of proper work attire:
- 1. Hair restraint
- 2. Clean clothing daily
- 3. Remove aprons when leaving food prep area
- 4. Remove jewelry from hands & arms
What is the proper way of tasting food during preparation
Place it in a separate dish and taste it with a clean utensil
Restrict from working around food or Exclude from operation?
1. Foodhandler has a soar throat without fever
2. Same as #1 but with a high-risk population
3. Foodhandler has at least one of these symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice
4. Foodhandler was diagnosed as having an illness caused by: Salmonella, Shigella, Shiga toxin-producing E. Coli, Hepititis A, Norovirus
- 1. Restrict
- 2. Exclude
- 3. Exclude + to return must be symptom-free for 24 or have a written release from a medical practitioner
- 4. Exclude + notify regulatory authority
Management's responsibilities for personal hygiene program include:
- 1. Establishing policies
- 2. Training foodhandlers
- 3. Modeling proper behavior
- 4. Supervising food safety practices
- 5. Revising policies when there are changes
What are some basic work-attire requirements for employees
- 1. Wear a clean hat or hair restraint
- 2. Wear clean clothing daily
- 3. Removing aprons when leaving food-preparation areas
- 4. Remove jewelery
What personal behaviors can contaminate food?
- 1. Wiping or touching the nose
- 2. Rubbing an ear
- 3. Scratching the scalp
- 4. Touching a pimple or an infected wound
- 5. running finger through the hair
What is the proper procedure for handling employee wounds on hands or arms?
Bandages must be worn and must keep the wound from leaking. Use a glove or finger cot to keep the wound from leaking.
What procedures must foodhandlers follow when using gloves?
- 1. Use single-use gloves. Never wash & reuse.
- 2. Make sure they fit properly
- 3. Never use gloves instead of washing hands
- 4. Wash hands before putting on new gloves & whe changing to a new pair
Change gloves when:
- As soon as they become dirty or torn
- Before beginning a different task
- At least every 4 hrs on a single task & more often when necessary
- After handling raw meat & before handling ready-to-eat food
1. What employee health problems pose a possible threat to food safety?
2. What appropriate actions should be taken?
- a. Sore throat with fever: Restrict foodhandler from working around food. Exclude foodhandler if serving high-risk population.
- b. Vomiting diarrhea, or jaundice: Exclude foodhandler from operation. Can't return unless no symptoms for 24 hrs. or written release from medical practitioner.
- c. Foodborne illness caused by Salmonella, Shigella, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, Hepatitis A, Norovirus: Exclude foodhandler from operation. Notify regulatory agency.
What must foodhandlers do after touching their hair, face, or body?
A. Wash their hands
B. Rinse their gloves
C. Change their aprons
D. Use a hand antiseptic
What should foodhandlers do after prepping food and before using the restroom?
A. Wash their hands
B. Take off their hats
C. Change their gloves
D. Take off their aprons
Which piece of jewelry can be worn by a foodhandler?
A. Diamond ring
B. Medical bracelet
C. Plain band ring
When should hand antiseptics be used?
A. Before washing hands
B. After washing hands
C. In place of washing hands
D. In place of wearing gloves
Foodhandlers should keep their fingernails:
A. short & unpolished
B. long & unpolished
C. long & painted
D. short & painted
A cook wore single-use gloves while forming raw ground beef into patties. The cook continued to wear them while slicing hamburger buns. What mistake was made?
A. The cook did not wear reusable gloves while handling the raw ground beef and hamburger buns.
B. The cook did not clean and sanitize the gloves before handling the hamburger buns.
C. The cook did not wash hands before putting on the same gloves to slice the hamburger buns.
D. The cook did not wash hands and put on new gloves before slicing the hamburger buns.
When a foodhandler has been diagnosed with shigellosis, what steps must be taken?
A. The foodhandler must be told not to come to work
B. The foodhandler must be given a nonfoodhandling position
C. The foodhandler can work, but must wear gloves when handling food
D. The foodhandler can work, but must wash hands every 15 minutes
Foodhandlers cannot work in their operation if they have an illness caused by which pathogen?
A. Vibrio vulnificus
B. Salmonella Typhi
C. Clostridium botulinum
D. Clostridium perfringens
Foodhandlers who work in a nursing home cannot work in the operation if they have which symptom?
A. Thirst with itching
B. Sore throat with fever
C. Soreness with fatigue
D. Headache with soreness
Foodhandlers should not eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum or tobacco while:
A. bare handed
B. on their break
C. prepping food
D. counting money
What should foodhandlers do if they cut their fingers while preparing food?
A. Cover the wound with a bandage
B. Stay away from the food prep area
C. Cover the hand with a glove or finger cot
D. Cover the wound with a bandage and a glove or finger cot
What should the manager at a nursing home do if a cook calls in with a headache, nausea, and diarrhea?
A. Tell the cook to stay away from work and see a doctor
B. Tell the cook to rest for a couple hours and then come to work
C. Tell the cook to come in for a couple hours and then go home
D. Tell the cook to go to the doctor and then immediately come to work
T or F:
You should wash your hands after taking a break to smoke
T or F:
You should NOT wear jewelry while handling food
T or F:
Wearing a dirty uniform or apron can contaminate food
T or F:
Use hand antiseptic before washing hands
Laura, a foodhandler at a local nursing home, began her day by preparing to d=go to work. She took a shower, trimmed her nails, and put on a fresh coat of nail polish. Then she put on a bracelet, a watch, and her clean clothes and went to work.
Wht did she do right?
What did she do wrong?
- Right: Shower, trim nails, clean clothes
- Wrong: Nail polish, jewelry
Put handwashing steps in the right order:
a. Vigorously scrub hands and arms for at least 10-15 seconds
b. Apply soap
c. Dry hands with a single use paper towel or warm-air hand dryer
d. Wet your hands with running water as hot as you can comfortably stand (at least 100°F)
e. Rinse you hands throughly under running water
Which actions can contaminate food?
a. Running your hands through your hair
b. Wearing a hat while preparing food
c. Touching a sore or pimple
d. Wearing a clean apon
e. Wiping your nose
a, c, e
Exclude or Restrict:
a. A foodhandler at a hospital who has a sore throat and fever
b. A foodhandler at a nursing home that has jaundice
c. A foodhandler at a restaurant was vomiting this morning
d. A foodhandler at a restaurant has a foodborne illness caused by Norovirus
- a. Exclude
- b. Exclude
- c. Exclude
- d. Exclude