Resporatory System

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Resporatory System
2012-09-25 21:49:58
Medical terms

understanding the reporatory system and functions
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  1. oxygen abbv:
  2. Rales:
    Crackles heard throught a STETHOSCOPE when air bubbles through liquid in the lungs
  3. Abg abbv:
    Arterial Blood gases
  4. Mantoux test is
    using a needle into  the layers of the skin. test someone for signs of exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium which causes tuberculosis infection.
  5. Copd is
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary Disease also know as CAO:Chronic airway obstruction
  6. Respiratory tract has six connected elements:
    • 1.Nose
    • 2.Pharynx
    • 3.Larynx
    • 4.Trachea(we have only 1)
    • 5. Bronchi
    • 6. Alveoli
  7. Ventilation:
    • -is the movement of air
    • - take in air
    • -take out air
  8. Exchange of gases:
    b/w air and blood.
  9. Functions of the Respiratory system:
    • 1.Exchange of gases
    • 2. Regulation of blood pH
    • 3. Protection
    • 4. Voice Production
    • 5. olfaction-Smell
  10. Nasal Septum:
    divides the nasel cavity into right and left comparments.
  11. Function of the nose:
    • - Passageway for air
    • - Air Cleanser
    • - Air Moisturizer
    • -Air Warmer
    • -Sense of smell
  12. Disorders of the nose:
    Nasal Polyps:benign growths arising from the mucosa of the nasal
  13. Expistaxis:
    a nosebleed
  14. The Pharynx is divided into three regions:
    • -Nasopharynx: only air moves through
    • -Oropharynx: Air,Food, and drink passes
    • -Laryngopharynx: only food and drinks passes
  15. Obstructive sleep apnea:
    occurs in middle age heavy men. the flow of air pauses or decreases during breathing while you are asleep because the airway has become narrowed, blocked, or floppy.
  16. Abbv CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  17. abbv URI
    Upper respiratory infection
  18. Pharyngitis:
    is and acute or chronic infection
  19. Polysomnography:
    Test that monitor brain waves,muscle tenison and etc
  20. Epiglottis:
    Leaf-shaped plate of cartilage that shuts off the larynx during swallowing.
  21. Croup:
    infection if the upper airways in children characterized by a barking cough