chapter 17

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chapter 17
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2010-05-02 21:36:02
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chapter 17
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  1. a line that passes through the center of the body traversing skull, thorax and vertebral column
    axis (n.), axial (adj.)
  2. bone at the base of the skull, anterior to the temporal bones
    sphenoid
  3. cone shaped nasal bone
    turbinate
  4. point of attachment for the muscles of the head and throat
    hyoid
  5. two bones that house the tear ducts
    lachrymal
  6. forms the hard palate (roof of mouth)
    palatine
  7. lower part of the nasal septum
    vomer
  8. the fibrous substance between the disks of the spinal vertebrae
    intervertebral
  9. a flattened tendon, connecting a muscle with the parts it moves
    aponeurosis
  10. a fluid filled sac located in tissues to reduce friction
    bursae (pl. bursae)
  11. a sheet of fibrous tissue holding muscle fibers together
    fascia (pl. fasciae)
  12. between two contiguous joints and phalanges, e.g. between the fingers and toes
    interphalangeal
  13. the flattened part of the vertebral arch (thinnest part of the vertebrae)
    lamina (pl. laminae)
  14. a crescent shaped fibrocartilage in the knee joint
    meniscus (pl. menisci)
  15. a case or sheath of a tendon
    theca
  16. holes in a bone for large vessels and nerves to pass through
    foramen, foramenia
  17. a narrow, linear hollow or depression in bone
    groove
  18. protrusion or projection
    prominence
  19. one definition is a recess, cavity or channel, such as one in bone
    sinus
  20. an elevation or protuberance, esp of a bone
    tuberosity
  21. fleshy part of the cheek used to smile, blow outward and whistle
    buccinator
  22. muscle extending from lower vertebrae to humerus. used for swinging the arms
    latissimus dorsi
  23. also called striated (striped) or voluntary muscles. muscles attached to skeletal bones except for face, eyes, tongue, and throat. under conscious control
    skeletal muscles
  24. muscles found in wall of the stomach, intestine, blood vessels and respiratory tract. also called involuntary or visceral muscle (not under conscious control)
    smooth muscles
  25. muscle extending from sternum to side of the neck. used for turning the head
    sternomastoid
  26. muscle above the ear, used for opening and closing the jaw
    temporal
  27. triangular muscle extending from back of shoulder to clavical. used to raise shoulders
    trapezius
  28. bending
    flexion
  29. the movement by which the two ends of any jointed part are drawn away from each other; straightening
    extension
  30. to draw toward the axial (median) line of a limb
    adduction
  31. to draw away from the axial (median) line of a limb
    abbduction
  32. the prone position (palm down, face down)
    pronation
  33. pal or face down
    supination
  34. permanent contraction of a muscle
    contracture
  35. wasting away of muscle from disuse
    muscle atrophy
  36. muscle enlargement from overuse
    muscle hypertrophy
  37. normal degree of vigor and tension in a muscle; muscles partially contracted
    muscle tone
  38. slight or complete paralysis
    paresis
  39. partial dislocation
    subluxation
  40. forward displacement of a vertebrae over a lower segment; a type of dislocation
    spondylolisthesis
  41. softening of the bones resulting from vitamin D deficiency
    osteomalacia
  42. inflammation of bone marrow caused by bacterial invasion
    osteomyelitis
  43. disorders marked by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement of connective tissue structures, especially the joints and related structures, and attended by pain, stiffness, or limitation of motion
    rheumatism
  44. vitamin D deficiency, esp in infancy and childhood, marked by bending and distortion of bones
    rickets
  45. a malignant tumor of bone
    sarcoma (osteogenic)
  46. a congenital defect in the spine
    spina bifida
  47. spondylitis (ankylosing)
    inflammation of the vertebrae, commonly progressing to eventual fusion of the involved joints
  48. a chronic inflammatory disease affecting many systems of the body
    systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  49. puncture of a joint cavity to remove fluid
    anthrocentesis
  50. surgical creation of an opening into a joint, such as for drainage
    arthrotomy
  51. a process used to heal fractures more quickly
    electrical stimulation
  52. the film record made and the study of muscular contraction
    electromyogram (electromyography)
  53. the process of making a bone immovable
    external fixation
  54. the correction of a fracture, luxation, or hernia
    fracture reduction
  55. excision of the posterior arch of a vertebrae; excision of an intervertebral disk
    laminectomy with diskectomy
  56. the film produced by radiography of the spinal cord after injection of a dye into the spinal cavity
    myelogram
  57. the insertion of an organ or tissue in a new site in the body
    replantation
  58. surgical creation of ankylosis between contigous vertebrae; spinal fusion
    spondylosyndesis
  59. the act of drawing or pulling
    traction
  60. antinuclear antibodies; a laboratory serum test; ANA is associated with many disease
    ANA
  61. antistreptolysin O
    ASO
  62. C-reactive protein
    CRP
  63. degenerative joint disease
    DJD
  64. open reduction internal fixation; reduction of a fracture after incision into the fracture site
    ORIF
  65. rheumatoid arthritis
    RA
  66. rheumatoid arthritis factor
    RA factor
  67. systemic lupus erythematosus; lupus erythematosus
    SLE (LE)
  68. sedimentation rate; erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    SR (ESR)

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