Anatomy and Physiology Orientation

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jvargas
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173492
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Anatomy and Physiology Orientation
Updated:
2012-09-26 00:56:40
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AandP Anatomy Physiology
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Anatomy and Physiology Orientation of the Human Body
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  1. Term that defines : Toward the head end, or upper structure of the body.
    Superior (cranial)
  2. Term that defines: Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the structure of the body.
    Inferior (caudal)
  3. Term that defines: Toward the front of the body.
    Ventral (anterior)
  4. Term that defines: Toward the back of the body.
    Dorsal (posterior)
  5. Term that defines: Toward the midline of the body.
    Medial
  6. Term that defiens: Away from the midline of the body.
    Lateral
  7. Term that defines: Between a more medial and more lateral structure.
    Intermediate
  8. Term that defines: Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of the limb to the trunk of the body.
    Proximal
  9. Term that defines: Farther from the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the human body.
    Distal
  10. Term that defines: Toward or at the body surface.
    Superficial (external)
  11. Term that defines: Away from the body surface, or more internal.
    Deep (internal)
  12. What are the levels of structural organization.

    A: Chemical, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, and Organismal
    B: Chemical, Organismal. Tissue, Organ, Cellular, and Organ System
    C: Organ System, Organismal, Tissue, Organ, Chemical, and Cellular
    D: Chemical, Organ System, Tissue, Organ, Cellular, and Organismal
    • A: Chemical, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, and Organismal
    • B: Chemical, Organismal. Tissue, Organ, Cellular, and Organ System
    • C: Organ System, Organismal, Tissue, Organ, Chemical, and Cellular
    • D: Chemical, Organ System, Tissue, Organ, Cellular, and Organismal
  13. What is Homeostasis?
    Is the ability of the body to keep the internal  conditions relatively unchanged even though the outside enviroment is always changing.
  14. How does Negative feedback loops function?
    The negative feedback mechanism work by causing the opposite effect than that of the original stimulus. 

    For Example: Insulin and sugar, as sugar levels rises some receptors in the body are stimulated and the pancreas begins to secrete insulin, the insulin as used to assist the cells to uptake more sugar and thus bringing the blood sugar levels back to normal.
  15. How does Positive feedback loops function?
    The positive feedback mechanism works by enhancing the original stimulus up to the point that it is stopped.

    For Example: A break or a tear in a blood vessels causes the release of a chemical which platelets then adgere to and wells as the site of the tear, and release more chemicals, which attract more platelets and so on, to the point that the bleeding is stopped.
  16. The two fundamental divisions of the body are?
    Axial and Appedicular
  17. The Axial division of the body includes, which parts of the body.
    It includes the Head, Neck and Trunk.
  18. The Appendicualr division of the body includes, which parts of the body.
    It includes the Appendages and Limbs.
  19. What are the body's planes and how it divides the body.
    • Sagittal = Left and Right sections
    • Frontal = Front and Back sections
    • Transverse = Top and Bottom sections
    • Oblique = Diagonal cuts.

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