Card Set Information
Nutrients their function
What are the two most important macrominerals for a horse?
Ca and P
What are the essential m
cro minerals? what are their functions? What are they measured in?
Ca, P, Mg, K, Na, Cl, S
g/kg or %
What are the essential M
cro minerals and their functions and how are they measured?
Cu, Zn, Fe, I, Se, Mn
ppm or mg/kg
need in very small amounts
components of enzymes
wide spread biological reactions
What are the minor trace minearls?
What are tge functions of Calcium (Ca)
-99% if Ca in the body is found in bone and teeth
1% if Ca in soft tissue where it is involved in muscle activity, blood clotting and enzyme activation
What are the functions of phosphorus?
80% of P is in bones
Used in E metabolism (ATP)
(metabolic fxns will draw from bone)
What are the Ca/P interelated functions?
main components of bone
required for growth and maintenance of healthy bone
Ratio is important
-Ca must be higher than P
-Imbalance affects calcium absorption
-Foals = 1.2:1 to 3:1, others 2:1 to 5:1
(mares may be in heat but might not show because of a lack of P. Blood levels are always maintained. excess P is worse than excess Ca)