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What are the two most important macrominerals for a horse?
Ca and P
What are the essential macro minerals? what are their functions? What are they measured in?
- Ca, P, Mg, K, Na, Cl, S
- g/kg or %
- Body structure
- acid/base balance
- fluid balance
- nerve conductivity
- muscle contraction
What are the essential Micro minerals and their functions and how are they measured?
- Cu, Zn, Fe, I, Se, Mn
- ppm or mg/kg
- need in very small amounts
- components of enzymes
- wide spread biological reactions
- multiple fxns
What are the minor trace minearls?
What are tge functions of Calcium (Ca)
- -99% if Ca in the body is found in bone and teeth
- 1% if Ca in soft tissue where it is involved in muscle activity, blood clotting and enzyme activation
What are the functions of phosphorus?
- 80% of P is in bones
- Used in E metabolism (ATP)
- Influences reproduction
- (metabolic fxns will draw from bone)
What are the Ca/P interelated functions?
- main components of bone
- required for growth and maintenance of healthy bone
- Ratio is important
- -Ca must be higher than P
- -Imbalance affects calcium absorption
- -Foals = 1.2:1 to 3:1, others 2:1 to 5:1
- (mares may be in heat but might not show because of a lack of P. Blood levels are always maintained. excess P is worse than excess Ca)