Quiz 3 A&P Lab

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Quiz 3 A&P Lab
2012-09-26 04:06:02
lab anatomy physiology

tissues, integumentary system
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  1. simple squamous
  2. simple cuboidal
  3. simple columnar
  4. pseudostratified columnar
  5. stratified sqamous
  6. transitional
  7. single layer of very flat, scale-like cells

    ~lines the tiny airsacs of the lungs known as the alveoli & in kidneys in a structure known as glomerulus
    simple squamous epithelium
  8. composed of a single layer of "square" cells

    ~form the ducts of many glands, the entire structure of the thyroid gland, most of the tubular system in the kidneys
    simple cuboidal epithelium
  9. composed of a single layer of "rectangular" cells

    ~lining of the digestive system
    simple columnar epithelium
  10. hair-like structures that etend from the surface of a cell
  11. tiny fan-folds of the plasma membrane of the cell
  12. single-celled mucus producing glands, used to lubricate and protect
    goblet cells
  13. tends to have a variety of cells in this tissue of different shapes and sizes

    ~forms the lining of large airways (trachea & bronchi)
    pseudostratified columnar epithelium
  14. composed of multiple layers of cells

    ~mouth, urethra, vagina, anus
    stratified squamous epithelium
  15. multi-layered epithelium, composed of several layers of large round cells and is found only in the urinary bladder and the tubing associated with the bladder
    transitional epithelium
  16. areolar connective tissue
  17. adispose connective tissue
  18. regularly arranged dense collagenous connective tissue
  19. reticular connective tissue
  20. very common tissue, located beneath nearly every epithelium, collagen and elastic fibers are the most common type of fibers
    areolar connective tissue
  21. commonly referred to as fat, forms protective cushions around certain organs and structures
    adipose connective tissue
  22. huge numbers of collagen fibers in the matrix
    dense collagenous connective tissue
  23. only type of tissue that is avascular (lacks direct blood supply)
  24. this type of tissue is composed of small bone units called...
  25. at the center of each of osteon is a tunnel called the...
    haversian canal
  26. this tunnel connects the blood vessels from adjacent osteons
    volkmann's canal
  27. concentric rings of bony matrix, composed of collagen fibers and calcium salt crystals
  28. bone cells
  29. each of the osteocytes lives inside a small space known as...
  30. tiny tunnels radiationg out of the individual lacuna
  31. small spaces between the osteons are fulled with small bony matrix sheets
    interstitial lamellae
  32. small spikes of bony matrix
  33. skeletal muscle
  34. cardiac muscle
  35. smooth muscle
  36. nervous tissue
  37. the most superficial layer of the skin
  38. all cells of the epidermis form in this...
    stratum basale
  39. cells are beginning to form keratin, are also beginning to die due to lack of nutrients because they are so far from their nutrient source
    stratum granulosum
  40. contains dead, keratinized cells, sheds cells into the enviroment
    stratum corneum
  41. layer not found in the hairy skin
    stratum lucidum
  42. cells attach to one another using desmosomes
    stratum spinosum
  43. produce a yellow-brown pigment known as melanin (main causes of variations in skin color)
  44. found just below the stratum basale of the epidermis, helps to provide nutrients to the epidermis, holds the layers of the skin together, and contributes to the formation of fingerprints
    papillary region
  45. light touch nerve receptors
    Meissner's corpuscles
  46. irregularly arranged dense collagenous connective tissue, hair folicles and glands are found primarily in this region
    reticular region
  47. deep pressure nerve receptors are found in the deeper part of this layer, near the subcutaneous, numerous other nerve endings associated with the skin
    pacinian corpuscles
  48. composed of primarily adipose tissue
    subcutaneous layer (hypodermis)
  49. composed of epidermal tissue that dips down into the dermal layers
    hair follicle
  50. found at the deepest end of the hair follicle is responsible for producing the hair
    hair bulb
  51. a small muscle that attaches to the side of the hair follicle, reaction to cold or hot as an example of purpose of this
    arrector pili muscle
  52. produce sweat
    sudoriferous glands
  53. produce earwax
    ceruminous glands
  54. produce oily secretion
    sebaceous glands
  55. produce milk
    mammary glands