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Participants and method?
A crossectional study using data collection and interviews with nearly 200 year 10 students.
How many males and females commited at least one crime?
48.8% of males and 30.6% of females
what percentage of males and females committed a serious crime of theft?
9.8% of males and 3.8% of females had committed a serious crime of theft.
How many offenders were caught or reported by the police for their last committed offence?
One in Eight
more often victimised than non-offenders.
Compared to other youths offenders..
were often drunk and used drugs.
Eplanatory factors include:
- Family social position
- Individual characteristics
- Social situation
- Lifestyles and routine activities
- Community context
Youths with many individual risk factors offend..
Youths with many individual protective factors..
Most important factors were..
individual characteristics and the way they lived their lives, which strongly affected their involvement in crime.
Findings suggest three groups of adolescent offenders:
- Propensity induced, these youths have an enduring propensity to offend.
- Lifestyle dependant, offending appears highly dependant on lifestyle.
- Situationally limited, these are individually well adjusted youths who may occasionally offend if their lifestyle exposes them to high levels of situational risk. Substance abuse is of importance to explaining their offending.