Psychology

Card Set Information

Author:
EllisC
ID:
173525
Filename:
Psychology
Updated:
2012-09-26 07:11:56
Tags:
Upbringing
Folders:

Description:
Sutherland, Theory points.
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  1. Point one:
    Criminal behaviour is learned.
  2. Point two:
    • Criminal behaviour is learned through interaction with other persons in a process of communication.
    • Supporting his first point about criminal behaviour being learned.
  3. Point three:
    • The princible part of learning criminal behaviour occurs within intimate personal groups.
    • Media is an unimportant role in the development of criminals.
  4. Point four:
    • When criminal behaviour is learned, the techniques required for the crimes are learned too.
    • Also learning the attitudes taken and the excuses made for the behaviour.
  5. Point five:
    • The direction of motives and drives is learned from the definitions of legal codes, as favourable or unfavourable.
    • Groups may see certain laws as pointless or discriminatory and there fore okay to break them.
  6. Point six:
    • A person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favourable to violation of law over definitions unfavourable.
    • Individuals become criminals due to repeated contact with criminal activity and a lack of non-criminal activity.
  7. Point seven:
    Differential associations, number of contacts with criminals over non-criminals, may vary in frequency, duration, priority and intensity.
  8. Point eight:
    Criminal behaviour is learned just like any other behaviour.
  9. Point nine:
    Criminal behaviour is an expression of general needs and values, however the general needs and values do not explain the behaviour.
  10. Summary:
    • Deviance occurs when people define a certain situation as appropriate for violating the law.
    • Definitions are acquired through past experiences.

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