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Primacy of Rome
Catholic; Peter became the first bishop of Rome
- invaded Dabube river to Balkans-> Roman got weaken.
- Rome’s peril but its internal weakness encouraged
- these attack.
Emperor, One of reconstruction and reorganization. Decreed the introduction of Tetrarchy.
- Diocletian: Thrace, Asia, Egypt
- Maximian: The title of Augustus(Italy, Africa, Spain)
- Galerius: The title of Caesar(Balkans)
- Constantius: British and Gaul
- The title of Augustus (Italy,
- Africa, Spain)
The title of Caesar (Balkans)
British and Gaul
Son of Constantius, Emperor, One of reconstruction and reorganization. United territories from tetrarchy. supported Christianity-> Autocracy.
The new capital city of Constantine’s empire (Roman). It was the site of Byzantium.
Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Huns [Attila]
- in the 4th century, divided Roman empire into 2 (Rome and Greek area). treated Roman Empire
Battle of Adrianople, 378
Valens (Eastern Roman empire or Byzantine Empire) attacked the Goths (probably Visigoths) and lost with Valens death in Adrianople.
- - Co-ruler with Valen in the Byzantine Empire
- hetried to unify the empire again. After his death, Roman Empire got weaker.
the center of vital and flourishing culture.
- Rival of Christianity; born in Persia in the 3rd century.
Persecutions under Decius and Diocletian
- - Decius
- required all citizens to worship the state gods publicly.
- confiscated Christian property and destroyed churches.
Edict of Toleration [Edict of Milan, 313]
Toleration of Christianity
- Belief that Christ was the first of God the father’s
- creation and the being through whom the father created all things.
Later bishop of Alexandria; his view became Orthodox; accepted the theory of salvation.
Council of Nicaea, 325
- a conference between Arianism and Athnasius
- - Athnasius won
Latin translation of the Bible that became the standard text for the Catholic Church.
Confessions, The City of God
Augustine’s most famous work
Fall of Rome, 476
The end of Roman Empire