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To examine the relationship between types of offence and the attributions offenders make about their criminal acts.
What did they use to measure offender's attribution of mental element, external factors and guilt?
Gudjonsson and Singh's 42 item 'Blame attribution inventory'.
- 80 criminals serving sentences in Northern Ireland.
- 20 subjects had committed violent offences.
- 40 subjects had committed sexual offences.
- 20 had committed property offences.
Violent offenders averages were:
- Guilt = 8.1
- Mental element = 5.3
- External factors = 5.8
Sexual offenders averages were:
- Guilt = 12.7
- Mental element = 5.7
- External factors = 2.4
Property offenders averages were:
- Guilt = 5.5
- Mental element = 4.0
- External factors = 3.0
Who had the highest guilt average?
Sexual offenders, 12.7.
Who had the lowest guilt average?
Property offenders, 5.5.
Who had the highest mental element?
Sexual offenders, 5.7.
Who had the lowest mental element?
Property offenders, 4.0.
Who had the highest external factors?
Violent offenders, 5.8.
Who had the lowest external factors?
Sexual offenders, 2.4.
Offenders attribute blame for their crimes differently according to their type of crime.