SOP: Chapter 5

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Rburk022
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173624
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SOP: Chapter 5
Updated:
2012-10-29 20:20:57
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Genes Gender
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Chapter 5: Genes, culture, gender
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  1. study of evolution of cognition and behavior using principles of natural selection
    evolutionary psych
  2. which cultures tend to be the "tightest" in terms of maintaining culture
    the cultures of societies that are facing threats like war or famine.
  3. More sensitive to smells and sounds
    More vulnerable to anxiety & depression
    Has 70% more fat, 40% less muscle
    Describe themselves in more relational terms
    Experience more relationship-linked emotions
    Gravitate toward jobs that reduce inequalities
    Buy 3x as many gifts and greeting cards
    Women
  4. Slower to enter puberty but quicker to die
    3x more likely to be dx w/ ADHD, 5x more likely
    to commit suicides
    Play more aggressively as kids
    Focus on tasks and on connections with lg groups
    Respond to stress with “fight or flight” response
    Gravitate toward jobs that enhance inequalities
    Men
  5. Set of behavior expectations (norms) for males and females
    Gender role
  6. True or false?
    50 percent of individual variations in personality traits is by parental nurturing

    The other 50 percent is peer influence
    True.. (according to book)
  7. Where does human kind originate?
    Africa
  8. which cultures have the strongest norms?
    Expressiveness- Mediterranean vs formal Europe

    Punctuality- Latin America vs N. American
  9. What are universal similarites in culture?
    • Universal friendship norms- secret keeping etc
    • Universal trait dimensions- Descriptions according to OCEAN
    • Universal social belief dimensions- cynicism, social complexity, reward for application, spirituality and fate control
    • Universal status norms- hierarchy respected everywhere
    • Incest taboo
    • Norms of war
  10. More often think about and initiate sex

    have less investment in childbearing, a few seconds really. Sperm is reproduced by the thousands and the idea is to “spread the seed” and therefore increase chances of genetic
    line.
    More aggression in past led to better mating opportunities
    Men
  11. have only finite amount of eggs and investment is 9months minimum.

    desire historically a male to provide for them.

    Are more inspired by emotional passion
    ·       
    Greater value on female sexuality than on male sexuality.
    Women
  12. Set of behavior expectations (norms) for males and females

    Gender roles vary over culture, and over time (stable)

    Very similar between the sexes
    Gender Role
  13. T/F
    50 percent of individual variations in personality traits is by parental nurturing

    The other 50 percent is peer influence
    True
  14. Biology and experience interact when biological traits influence how the environment reacts

    Biology is a predisposition and environmental factors like culture shapes the ultimate outcome
    True

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