Hist 17 mid term 1

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Hist 17 mid term 1
2012-09-26 19:35:27
hist 17

hist 17 midterm 1
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  1. John Locke
    An influential man who sayed that people should be wiling to give up certain rights to government for certain garuntees in return such as protection, life, liberty and the persuit of property. THis is known as the social contract.

    influenced a "life liberty and persuit of property" epidemic that all types of people caught.
  2. American Irony
    John locke and the country party were apart of it because they all spoke of liberty yet they continued to own slaves.
  3. Stamp act
    law stating that all printed material must have stamps that were costly. this was the first act set out of many that taxed and angered the colonists. the printers were angry and spoke about their thoughts and were very influential in the colonies and many rebellions occured thereafter. 

    Historical sig; the colonist demanded a representative in parliment and they eventually created their own congress.
  4. French and Indian war
    in 1754 washington led the brittish colonists westward for land into french territory. the indians and french joined and allience and fought against the brittish. the brittish strategy got them killed until they changed their tactics and over turned the frencha nd indians and gained the land.

    sig; this was an expensive war and caused more taxes to be established within the colonies
  5. Shays rebellion
    after the war in 1787 there were financial problems and difficult law policies that caused Daniel Shays to lead a group of farmers to the courthouses and burn home deeds and debt records in massechusets because their land was being taken away
  6. Abigail Adams
    The wife of John Adams. She argued  with him to grant women equal rights and sufferage. She taught herself to read and was well spoken
  7. Thomas Paine
    One of the founding fathers that wrote "Common Sense" to encourage American Independance from brittian. Natural rights; were written simply for all to understand 
  8. Louisianna Purchase
    • Cheap purchase of a large area of land from france in 1803 by thomas jefferson. THe purchase doubled the size of the country, making it the largest country in the world. led to the creation of the 13 states. some 3200 free slaves lived there but were not granted citizenship. louisiana was named after king louis XIV. Native americans were not able to gain citizenship, loyalist spoke an oath and were granted
    • citizenship easily, and immigrants could get citizenship after two years of residency and "good character"

    the land was hard to administer because it was already occupied by many Native Americans and non americans 
  9. Profit;
    The search for precious metals such as gold and silver, land cash crops, tobacco sugarcane and cotton, were desired upon entering the new world to trade. the spanish used the native americans to mine for such metals.

    these types of products and production caused a need for slaves to make a profit and in 1502 slaves came from the carribean to produce sugarcane
  10. piety
    the spread of religion and to stop catholisism. settlers thought they were saving souls by giving them proper religion. it caused a lot of disease spread and crowds disease. 
  11. Jamestown
    first brittish settlement

    128 men that were supported by the virginia company that settled near the charles river in 1607. they were sent to look for gold but didnt find any. one year after they arrived they were down to 28 men. in 1610 they were told to farm tobacco there.
  12. powhatan
    the indian cheif close to jamestown who he sold his daughter to a settler to marry to establish a better relationship between groups of people. This didnt work very well and eventually his tribe kills 1/4 of jamestown men.

    sig; shows tensions between natives and settlers
  13. headright system
    a series of laws established in 1618 that said that anyone can pay for people to get to the new world  to come over and work were garunteed 50 acres of land.

    sig; this created indentured servitude; less than half of indentured servants survived during service and ended with nothing
  14. house of burgesses
    the first body of self rule that brittian the mother land allowed in the colonies. this representative body was est. in 1619
  15. pope
    native american born in 1630 in modern day new mexico. was arrested w other indians. these indians were getting killed so he went back to new mexico and inspired a revolution to fight the spaniards known as the "pueblo revolt" by 1860 the native americans had kicked the spanish out entirely.
  16. bacons rebellion
    1767; people rebelled against the governor of virginia, who said to avoid tension/war w native americans by staying near the shore and not moving westward. they did anyways because they wanted to expand and settle. 

    sig; brittish vs brittish tension in colonies
  17. country party
    farmers who believe that cities were corrupt  and small farms created virtuous people. thomas jefferson said farmers were better people.
  18. colombian exchange
    after contact with america there was trade from the old and new world. each sending different products. america would send corn tomatoes potatoes and cotton. europe would send cattle sheep rice wheat and horses. the trade favored europe
  19. crowd disease
    diseases such as small pox in europe there was a lack of hygiene and they had cattle so such diseases were very common and not deadly for them. in america the natives bathed regularly and once the europeans came they were exposed to new diseases. europeans spread such diseases through trade. the diseases spread faster then the settlers. this was nearly a genocide.
  20. hernan cortez
    1519; he landed in mexico against orders and needed to regain favor. he lead a conquest of the new world to do so and conquers Aztecs. upon arrival claiming to be an ambassador, he was invited to the city of Tenochitilan by cheif Macazuma, who game large amounts of gold as a gift. this is today mexico city