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Road trauma and key stakeholders
- Road trauma is trauma associated with a traffic incident and can affect the community financially, physchologoically, physicall, and emotionally
- RMS (Previous RTA)
- Department of health
- Local councils
- Stay safe committee
- Independent transport and reliability regulator
- MAA (Motor accident authority)
What are the 5 Es?
What is the role of police in reducing road trauma?
- Reduce fatal/serious crashes through a highly visable profile
- Promote voluntary road user compliance with traffic laws
- Detect and prosecute traffic offenders
- Promote the free movement of vehicles and pedestrians
- Be role models to the community through exemplary driving (lol)
What are the 3 major factors contributing to collisions
- Human Factors (Driver error, inexperience)
- Environmental factors (road design, weather)
- Vehicle factors (Brake failure)
What are the core proofs of any traffic offence?
- Motor vehicle
- Road or road related area
- - add proofs specific to offence
- Any person driving a vehicle and includes any person riding a cycle and drive includes ride.
- Can be deemed drive if person has control of steering OR movement OR propulsion of vehicle.
Define Road related area
- An area that divides a road
- footpath or nature strip
- An area that is not a road but is open to the public and is designated for use by cyclists or animals
- an area that is not a road but is open to or used by the public for driving, riding or parking.
What is S.E.I.N.S
- Self enforcing infrignement notice scheme
- Can only issue infringement notices a time
- Fail to produce license is not counted in 4
- Unregister and uninsured counts as one offence
What circumstances should a TIN NOT Be issued?
- Offence is outside its time limits
- Fatal collisions
- Offence is not in fixed penalty infrinement handbook
- child under 14 was driver
- actions of driver in a non collision situation are reported by a comainant and not witnessed by police
- Driver of ambulance or fire brigade vehicle on urgent duty
- Drive is police officer on duty
- Serious traffic offence committed by police officer off duty
S171 Road transport general act
Power to demand drivers license and state name and home address
- Power to require owner of vehicle to supply identity of driver at time of offence - Demand identity of person responsible for vehicle + any person who may have information as to the identity of driver - Demand name and home address
- Form of demand power
S75 RTSTMA - road transport safety and traffic management act
- Power to remove danger or obsutrcion to fraffic from road related area
- -On road related area
- -Vehicle involved in colission/broken down
- -Falled, exscaped or been removed from vehicle
- -Any container used for the transportation of material
- Power to remove unattended motor vehicles or trailers from certain places
- If unlawfully standing on a prescribed place (road or road related area)
- Can move if likely to cause - danger to the public or undue traffic congestion
Time periods of issueing infringments
- 1 month for offending driver
- 3 months if relates to collision resulting in injury
- 3 months if awaiting results of blood sample
- Power to inspect registerable vehicle for the purpose of deciding its identity, condition or the status of any registration or permit relating to the vehicle
- Does not need to be on road or road related area
Four types of defect notices
- Formal warning
- Minor - no label, usually 2-14 days, clearence req
- Major - Yellow label, up to 24h rep
- Major grounded - Red label - To be towed
What determines the difference between a major and minor collision?
- Was any person killed or injured?
- Did the drivers involved leave the scene without exchanging particulars?
- Was any driver involved in the collision under the influence of alcohol or any other drug?
- Were any of the vehicles involved towed away?
- If answered yes to any above = major
Priorities when attending a major traffic crash
- Attend, assess and advise
- Attend to the welfare of the injured
- Identify drivers, passengers and witnessess
- Breath test all drivers involved
- Identify the preliminary point of impact
- Ensure the free flow of traffic
- Record details and investigate
- Adjudicate and take action
10 Golden rules when issueing a penalty notice
- Use discretion and approach each situation on its merits
- Ensure you have established prima facie proofs for the offence
- Be presentable
- Be alert, active and prepared
- Be fair, equitable, courteous and co-operative
- Be firm and self confident by not officious
- Be consistent
- Be accurate, ensuring writing is neat and notice is complete
- Be tacticul while maintaining a respectful attitude
- When in doubt, dont issue
Rule 287 Road rules 2008 - Duties of driver involved in collission
- Driver involved in crash must supply particulars to
- Any other driver involved
- And person injured
- The owner of property damaged
- - Driver must also supply particulars to police when
- Anyone is killed or injured
- Fail to exchange particulars
- Veh need to be towed as result of crash
- - Req particulars include
- Drivers name, address
- Name address of owner of veh
- Veh rego details
- Any information necessary to identify veh
- All within required time - (as soon as possible)
What 4 things must a tow truck driver produce on demand of police?
- Tow authority book
- Tow truck drivers certificate
- Drivers license for that class of vehicle
- Towing schedual
What must a tow truck carry?
- Rubish bin
- Fire extinguisher
Who can suspend, disqualify and cancel licenses?
- Suspend - Police RMS
- Disqualify - Court, Magistrate
- Cancelled - RMS
Power for police to demand drivers license and driver to state name and address
- Power for police to demand name and address of driver of a motor vehicle alleged to have commited an offence from
- Person responsible for vehicle (Owner)
- Any person who may have information as to identity of driver
S75 RT (S&TM) Act
- Power to remove danger and obstructions from traffic
- A vehicle involved in accident or broken down
- Anything that has fallen, escaped or been removed from a vehicle
- Any container used for the transportation of material including a building skip
What are the 5 drinking questions?
- What time was your first drink?
- What time was your last drink?
- Where did you consume these drinks?
- What size and type of drinks?
- Did you consume any food with these drinks?
- Power to arrest for purpose of blood and urin testing - fatal or likely to be fatal collisions
- Cannot be taken more then 4h after collision
- Driver must be atleast 15y.o
- Still breath tested
- Supervisor of learner inclluded
S23 (6) RT(S&TM)Act
Power for police to have blood taken from injured driver who has been involved in a fatal or likely to be fatal collision and analysed for drug content without reasonable cause
- Compulsory blood samples
- A person injured in a crash and treated or admitted to hospital, blood is to be taken and automatically tested for alcohol
- -No time limit -ssoon as possible - over 15
S20 compeles medical practioners to take blood from 6 groups of people, who are they?
- Driver of motor vehicle
- Person sitting in drivers seat of motor vehicle attempting to put it in motion
- Supervisor of a learner driver
- Rider of a horse
- Driver of vehicle other then Motor vehicle
Explain Rule 287 of Australian road rules
- Driver involed in crash must supply particulars to any other driver or anyone injured in crash and the owner of any property damaged in crash
- Driver must supply particulars to police when
- anyone is killed or injured in the crash
- drivers fail to exchange particulars
- veh need to be towed
- req to supply version to police
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