PPP124 Traffic

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  1. Road trauma and key stakeholders
    • Road trauma is trauma associated with a traffic incident and can affect the community financially, physchologoically, physicall, and emotionally 
    • -Stakeholders-
    • RMS (Previous RTA)
    • NRMA
    • Police
    • Department of health
    • Local councils
    • Stay safe committee
    • Independent transport and reliability regulator 
    • MAA (Motor accident authority)
  2. What are the 5 Es?
    • Engineering 
    • Education
    • Encouragement
    • Enforcement
    • Evaluation
  3. What is the role of police in reducing road trauma?
    • Reduce fatal/serious crashes through a highly visable profile
    • Promote voluntary road user compliance with traffic laws
    • Detect and prosecute traffic offenders
    • Promote the free movement of vehicles and pedestrians
    • Be role models to the community through exemplary driving (lol)
  4. What are the 3 major factors contributing to collisions 
    • Human Factors (Driver error, inexperience) 
    • Environmental factors (road design, weather)
    • Vehicle factors (Brake failure)
  5. What are the core proofs of any traffic offence?
    • Driver
    • Motor vehicle
    • Road or road related area
    • - add proofs specific to offence
  6. Define driver
    • Any person driving a vehicle and includes any person riding a cycle and drive includes ride.
    • Can be deemed drive if person has control of steering OR movement OR propulsion of vehicle.
  7. Define Road related area
    • An area that divides a road
    • footpath or nature strip
    • An area that is not a road but is open to the public and is designated for use by cyclists or animals 
    • an area that is not a road but is open to or used by the public for driving, riding or parking. 
  8. What is S.E.I.N.S
    • Self enforcing infrignement notice scheme 
    • Can only issue infringement notices a time
    • Fail to produce license is not counted in 4
    • Unregister and uninsured counts as one offence 
  9. What circumstances should a TIN NOT Be issued?
    • Offence is outside its time limits
    • Fatal collisions
    • Offence is not in fixed penalty infrinement handbook
    • child under 14 was driver
    • actions of driver in a non collision situation are reported by a comainant and not witnessed by police
    • Driver of ambulance or fire brigade vehicle on urgent duty
    • Drive is police officer on duty
    • Serious traffic offence committed by police officer off duty
  10. S171 Road transport general act
    Power to demand drivers license and state name and home address
  11. S173 RTGA
    • Power to require owner of vehicle to supply identity of driver at time of offence - Demand identity of person responsible for vehicle + any person who may have information as to the identity of driver - Demand name and home address
    • Form of demand power
  12. S75 RTSTMA - road transport safety and traffic management act 
    • Power to remove danger or obsutrcion to fraffic from road related area
    • -On road related area
    • -Vehicle involved in colission/broken down
    • -Falled, exscaped or been removed from vehicle 
    • -Any container used for the transportation of material
  13. S76 RTSTMA
    • Power to remove unattended motor vehicles or trailers from certain places
    • If unlawfully standing on a prescribed place (road or road related area)
    • Can move if likely to cause - danger to the public or undue traffic congestion
  14. Time periods of issueing infringments 
    • 1 month for offending driver
    • 3 months if relates to collision resulting in injury
    • 3 months if awaiting results of blood sample
  15. S26 RTVRA
    • Power to inspect registerable vehicle for the purpose of deciding its identity, condition or the status of any registration or permit relating to the vehicle
    • Does not need to be on road or road related area
  16. Four types of defect notices
    • Formal warning
    • Minor - no label, usually 2-14 days, clearence req
    • Major - Yellow label, up to 24h rep
    • Major grounded - Red label - To be towed
  17. What determines the difference between a major and minor collision?
    • Was any person killed or injured?
    • Did the drivers involved leave the scene without exchanging particulars?
    • Was any driver involved in the collision under the influence of alcohol or any other drug?
    • Were any of the vehicles involved towed away?
    • If answered yes to any above = major
  18. Priorities when attending a major traffic crash
    • Attend, assess and advise 
    • Attend to the welfare of the injured
    • Identify drivers, passengers and witnessess 
    • Breath test all drivers involved
    • Identify the preliminary point of impact
    • Ensure the free flow of traffic
    • Record details and investigate
    • Adjudicate and take action
  19. 10 Golden rules when issueing a penalty notice
    • Use discretion and approach each situation on its merits
    • Ensure you have established prima facie proofs for the offence
    • Be presentable
    • Be alert, active and prepared
    • Be fair, equitable, courteous and co-operative
    • Be firm and self confident by not officious
    • Be consistent
    • Be accurate, ensuring writing is neat and notice is complete
    • Be tacticul while maintaining a respectful attitude
    • When in doubt, dont issue
  20. Rule 287 Road rules 2008 - Duties of driver involved in collission
    • Driver involved in crash must supply particulars to
    • Any other driver involved
    • And person injured
    • The owner of property damaged
    • - Driver must also supply particulars to police when
    • Anyone is killed or injured
    • Fail to exchange particulars
    • Veh need to be towed as result of crash
    • - Req particulars include
    • Drivers name, address
    • Name address of owner of veh
    • Veh rego details
    • Any information necessary to identify veh
    • All within required time - (as soon as possible)
  21. What 4 things must a tow truck driver produce on demand of police? 
    • Tow authority book
    • Tow truck drivers certificate
    • Drivers license for that class of vehicle
    • Towing schedual
  22. What must a tow truck carry?
    • broom
    • Shovel
    • Rubish bin
    • Fire extinguisher
  23. Who can suspend, disqualify and cancel licenses? 
    • Suspend - Police RMS
    • Disqualify - Court, Magistrate
    • Cancelled - RMS
  24. S171 RT(G)Act 
    Power for police to demand drivers license and driver to state name and address
  25. S173 RT(G)Act 
    • Power for police to demand name and address of driver of a motor vehicle alleged to have commited an offence from
    • Person responsible for vehicle (Owner)
    • Any person who may have information as to identity of driver 
  26. S75 RT (S&TM) Act 
    • Power to remove danger and obstructions from traffic 
    • Road/RRA
    • A vehicle involved in accident or broken down
    • Anything that has fallen, escaped or been removed from a vehicle
    • Any container used for the transportation of material including a building skip
  27. What are the 5 drinking questions?
    • What time was your first drink?
    • What time was your last drink?
    • Where did you consume these drinks?
    • What size and type of drinks?
    • Did you consume any food with these drinks? 
  28. S24A RT(S&TM)Act
    • Power to arrest for purpose of blood and urin testing - fatal or likely to be fatal collisions
    • Cannot be taken more then 4h after collision 
    • Driver must be atleast 15y.o
    • Still breath tested
    • Supervisor of learner inclluded
  29. S23 (6) RT(S&TM)Act
    Power for police to have blood taken from injured driver who has been involved in a fatal or likely to be fatal collision and analysed for drug content without reasonable cause 
  30. S20 RT(S&TM)A
    • Compulsory blood samples
    • A person injured in a crash and treated or admitted to hospital, blood is to be taken and automatically tested for alcohol
    • -No time limit -ssoon as possible - over 15
  31. S20 compeles medical practioners to take blood from 6 groups of people, who are they?
    • Driver of motor vehicle
    • Person sitting in drivers seat of motor vehicle attempting to put it in motion
    • Supervisor of a learner driver
    • Rider of a horse
    • Pedestrian 
    • Driver of vehicle other then Motor vehicle
  32. Explain Rule 287 of Australian road rules
    • Driver involed in crash must supply particulars to any other driver or anyone injured in crash and the owner of any property damaged in crash
    • Driver must supply particulars to police when
    • anyone is killed or injured in the crash
    • drivers fail to exchange particulars
    • veh need to be towed
    • req to supply version to police 
Card Set:
PPP124 Traffic

Traffic studies 1/2
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