Road trauma is trauma associated with a traffic incident and can affect the community financially, physchologoically, physicall, and emotionally
RMS (Previous RTA)
Department of health
Stay safe committee
Independent transport and reliability regulator
MAA (Motor accident authority)
What are the 5 Es?
What is the role of police in reducing road trauma?
Reduce fatal/serious crashes through a highly visable profile
Promote voluntary road user compliance with traffic laws
Detect and prosecute traffic offenders
Promote the free movement of vehicles and pedestrians
Be role models to the community through exemplary driving (lol)
What are the 3 major factors contributing to collisions
Human Factors (Driver error, inexperience)
Environmental factors (road design, weather)
Vehicle factors (Brake failure)
What are the core proofs of any traffic offence?
Road or road related area
- add proofs specific to offence
Any person driving a vehicle and includes any person riding a cycle and drive includes ride.
Can be deemed drive if person has control of steering OR movement OR propulsion of vehicle.
Define Road related area
An area that divides a road
footpath or nature strip
An area that is not a road but is open to the public and is designated for use by cyclists or animals
an area that is not a road but is open to or used by the public for driving, riding or parking.
What is S.E.I.N.S
Self enforcing infrignement notice scheme
Can only issue infringement notices a time
Fail to produce license is not counted in 4
Unregister and uninsured counts as one offence
What circumstances should a TIN NOT Be issued?
Offence is outside its time limits
Offence is not in fixed penalty infrinement handbook
child under 14 was driver
actions of driver in a non collision situation are reported by a comainant and not witnessed by police
Driver of ambulance or fire brigade vehicle on urgent duty
Drive is police officer on duty
Serious traffic offence committed by police officer off duty
S171 Road transport general act
Power to demand drivers license and state name and home address
Power to require owner of vehicle to supply identity of driver at time of offence - Demand identity of person responsible for vehicle + any person who may have information as to the identity of driver - Demand name and home address
Form of demand power
S75 RTSTMA - road transport safety and traffic management act
Power to remove danger or obsutrcion to fraffic from road related area
-On road related area
-Vehicle involved in colission/broken down
-Falled, exscaped or been removed from vehicle
-Any container used for the transportation of material
Power to remove unattended motor vehicles or trailers from certain places
If unlawfully standing on a prescribed place (road or road related area)
Can move if likely to cause - danger to the public or undue traffic congestion
Time periods of issueing infringments
1 month for offending driver
3 months if relates to collision resulting in injury
3 months if awaiting results of blood sample
Power to inspect registerable vehicle for the purpose of deciding its identity, condition or the status of any registration or permit relating to the vehicle
Does not need to be on road or road related area
Four types of defect notices
Minor - no label, usually 2-14 days, clearence req
Major - Yellow label, up to 24h rep
Major grounded - Red label - To be towed
What determines the difference between a major and minor collision?
Was any person killed or injured?
Did the drivers involved leave the scene without exchanging particulars?
Was any driver involved in the collision under the influence of alcohol or any other drug?
Were any of the vehicles involved towed away?
If answered yes to any above = major
Priorities when attending a major traffic crash
Attend, assess and advise
Attend to the welfare of the injured
Identify drivers, passengers and witnessess
Breath test all drivers involved
Identify the preliminary point of impact
Ensure the free flow of traffic
Record details and investigate
Adjudicate and take action
10 Golden rules when issueing a penalty notice
Use discretion and approach each situation on its merits
Ensure you have established prima facie proofs for the offence
Be alert, active and prepared
Be fair, equitable, courteous and co-operative
Be firm and self confident by not officious
Be accurate, ensuring writing is neat and notice is complete
Be tacticul while maintaining a respectful attitude
When in doubt, dont issue
Rule 287 Road rules 2008 - Duties of driver involved in collission
Driver involved in crash must supply particulars to
Any other driver involved
And person injured
The owner of property damaged
- Driver must also supply particulars to police when
Anyone is killed or injured
Fail to exchange particulars
Veh need to be towed as result of crash
- Req particulars include
Drivers name, address
Name address of owner of veh
Veh rego details
Any information necessary to identify veh
All within required time - (as soon as possible)
What 4 things must a tow truck driver produce on demand of police?
Tow authority book
Tow truck drivers certificate
Drivers license for that class of vehicle
What must a tow truck carry?
Who can suspend, disqualify and cancel licenses?
Suspend - Police RMS
Disqualify - Court, Magistrate
Cancelled - RMS
Power for police to demand drivers license and driver to state name and address
Power for police to demand name and address of driver of a motor vehicle alleged to have commited an offence from
Person responsible for vehicle (Owner)
Any person who may have information as to identity of driver
S75 RT (S&TM) Act
Power to remove danger and obstructions from traffic
A vehicle involved in accident or broken down
Anything that has fallen, escaped or been removed from a vehicle
Any container used for the transportation of material including a building skip
What are the 5 drinking questions?
What time was your first drink?
What time was your last drink?
Where did you consume these drinks?
What size and type of drinks?
Did you consume any food with these drinks?
Power to arrest for purpose of blood and urin testing - fatal or likely to be fatal collisions
Cannot be taken more then 4h after collision
Driver must be atleast 15y.o
Still breath tested
Supervisor of learner inclluded
S23 (6) RT(S&TM)Act
Power for police to have blood taken from injured driver who has been involved in a fatal or likely to be fatal collision and analysed for drug content without reasonable cause
Compulsory blood samples
A person injured in a crash and treated or admitted to hospital, blood is to be taken and automatically tested for alcohol
-No time limit -ssoon as possible - over 15
S20 compeles medical practioners to take blood from 6 groups of people, who are they?
Driver of motor vehicle
Person sitting in drivers seat of motor vehicle attempting to put it in motion
Supervisor of a learner driver
Rider of a horse
Driver of vehicle other then Motor vehicle
Explain Rule 287 of Australian road rules
Driver involed in crash must supply particulars to any other driver or anyone injured in crash and the owner of any property damaged in crash