Science - Chap 1
Card Set Information
Science - Chap 1
chapter 1 Prentice hall life science
a way of learning about the natural world
using one or more of your senses to gather information
deal with numbers or an amount
deal with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers
when you explain or inerpret the things you observe
making a forecast of what will happen in the future
the process of grouping things together that are alike in some way
involves creating representations of complex objects or processes
the study of living things
Name five skills that are important in scientific thinking
observing, inferring, predicting, classifying, and making models
How do observations differ from inferrences?
In observations you tell what you saw, in inferring you explain what you saw.
the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence they gather
...is a possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question. Must be testable.
a factor in an experiment that can change
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time
the one factor that a scientist changes driving an experiment; also called the independent variable
the factor that changes as a result of the changes to the manipulated variable or independent variable; also called the dependent variable
a statement that describes how to measure a particular variable or how to define a particular term
facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations
the process of sharing ideas with others through writing and speaking
how people modify the world around themto meet their needs or to solve practical problems
a person who is trained to use both technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems
Name the steps of scientific inquiry
pose a question, form a hypothesis, design an experiment, collect and interpret data, draw conclusions, communicate
What is meant by saying that a hypothesis must be testable?
this means researchers must be able to carry out investigations and gather evidence that will either support of disprove the hypothesis
What attitudes help scientists succeed at their work?
curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness and skepticism, creativity
What is the goal of technology?
to imporve the way people live
Why is good preparation important in lab investigations?
Good preparation helps you stay safe when doing science activities.
Identify two steps you should take to prepare for a lab.
Read the procedure carefully and make sure you understand all the directions. You should also review safety guidleines for the specific equipment you will be using.
What should you do immediately after any lab accident?
tell the teacher and follow any instructions they give you quickly
What is the difference between science and technology?
Science is the study of the natural world and technology modifies or changes the natural world to meet the needs of humans or solve problems.
Is technology always good?
No. Technology can have both positive and negative effects on the world.