Question Four Hellenistic Contributions

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DesLee26
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173738
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Question Four Hellenistic Contributions
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2012-09-26 21:23:39
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  1. Literature
    Literary talent highly regarded

    Libraries built to attract scholars and authors

    Theocritus wrote little poems or idylls dealing with erotic themes, lovers' complaints, and pastoral themes about love of nature and nature's beauty

    Historical and biographical literature

    • Polybius (chief
    • historian; Roman expansion)
  2. Drama
    • New form of comedy focused on amusement and
    • entertainment:

    • -         
    • Menander of Athens used simple plots
  3. Art
    • Temples, theatres, gymnasia resembled that of the
    • Greek homeland (Corinthian Order)

    Sculptors highly regarded

    • Classical Period of balance and harmony -->
    • realistic art and female nude

    Indians impacted as well, through Buddha
  4. Science
    Finally separated from philosophy

    Astronomy:

    • -         
    • Aristarchus (310-230): heliocentric/ earth on axis

    • -         
    • Eratosthenes: circumference using Syene and Alexandria

    Ptolemy: Romanera; astronomer; goes back to Aristotle's way of thinking; elliptical/ retrogrades/ mathematical application/ discovers 84 circular orbits 
  5. Math
    • Euclid: Elements
    • Archimedes: geometry, pi, hydrostatics,
  6. Medicine
    Hippocrates

    • -         
    • Stressed natural explanations and cures
    • for disease

    Herophilus

    Erasistratus
  7. Philosophy
    • Epicureanism
    • Stoicism
    • - new ideas due to large empire and the diffusion of culture and mixed ideas
    • Hedonism: contrary to Epicureanism; wanted pleasure but sought physical pleasure; overzealous
  8. Religions
    Mystery Religions
  9. Society
    Women have way more priveleges:

    • -         
    • Women in politics

    • -         
    • Egyptians marry sisters

    • -         
    • Queens interested in culture

    • -         
    • Managed slaves

    • -         
    • Sold property

    • -         
    • Made loans and contracts

    Politically active
  10. Education
    Greek Gymnasium--> school
  11. Warfare
    New innovations

    • -         
    • Elephants

    • Siege machinery
    • (catapult and siege towers)
  12. Social
    • Diffusion of Greek culture
    • Trade and commerce expanded (manufacturing)
    • - decline in number of political barriers= more commercial traffic
    • - trade routes
    • - slavery

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