Western Civilization Chapter 4,5, 6

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  1. Monarchy
    kings & queens
  2. Republic
    having representatives
  3. Aristocracy
    few citizen rule in this gov't
  4. Empire
    a geographically extensive group of states & peoples united & ruled either by a monarch or an oligarchy
  5. Tyrants
    7 & 6th century BC definition meant an immediate stage between narrow oligarchy & more democratic forms of polity
  6. Patrician
    elite families in ancient Rome
  7. Plebeain
    the members of the urban lower classes in ancient Rome
  8. Oligarchy
    rule by a small group or social class; most of the time middle class
  9. Jesus Movement
    a movement that started in the West Coast of the 1960's & early 1970's seeking to return to the original life of the early Christians
  10. Patrician vs Plebeian
    the difference between the two was mainly based on birth. The portrayal was that Patrician wage the wealthy, secure families & Plebeians were the lower class
  11. Julius Caesar
    a Roman general & statesmen & a distinguished writer of Latin prose
  12. Brutus
    a politician of the late Roman Republic
  13. Caesar Augustus
    the founder of the Roman Empire & it's first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD
  14. Pax Romona
    the long period of relative peace & minimal expansions by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the late 2nd centuries AD
  15. Punic War
    three wars fought between Rome & Carthage. The cause of the Punic Wars was the conflict of interests between the Carthagian Empire & the expanding Roman Republic
  16. The First Triumvirates
    was Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassous, and Gnaeus Pompey. All three ruled the Roman until Crassus was killed in the battle against the Parthians. Then Pompey was defeated in battle of Pharsalus & killed. This left Caesar in total control of the Roman gov't
  17. The Second Triumvirates
    was Marc Antony, Octavian, & Marcus Lepidus, Lepidus was forced to give up his position after he tried to get troops to munity against Caesar & Antony fell upon his sword & killed himself after Octavian defeated him at the Battle of Actium
  18. Hadrian's Walls
    a defense fortification in Roman Britain
  19. Christian
    a person that lives life based off the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
  20. Nicene Creed
    the creed or profession of faith
  21. Apostle
    "one who is sent away". In a Christian sense it means spreading the message of the "Gospel of Jesus" when Jesus sent them away to the Jews
  22. Mesiah
    a savior or liberator of a people in the Jewish, Christian, Islamic or other religions
  23. Senate
    a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a legislative or parliament
  24. Etruscans
    a native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria; the Etruscans influenced the Romans
  25. The Aeneid; Virgil
    a poem about Aeneus, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he become the ancestor of the Romans
  26. Clientage
    the state or condition of being a client under the patronage of another
  27. Hannibal
    a Punic Carthaginian military commander, known for his ability to pick out opponent's strengths & weaknesses & capitalizing off that
  28. Rubicon
    a shallow river in northeastern Italy; Julius Caesar's army crossed the river in 49 BC
  29. Constantine
    known for being the 1st Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. He & co-Emperor Licinus issue the Edict of Milan in 313 which proclaimed tolerance of all religions throughout the empire
  30. Colosseum
    an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire
  31. Masada
    in the Southern distinct of Isreal. Best known for the violence that occured there in the 1st century CE
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Western Civilization Chapter 4,5, 6
2012-09-27 04:36:35
Western Civilization Chapter

Western Civilization Chapter 4,5, 6
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