Poetry Terms

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Poetry Terms
2012-09-27 02:15:27

Basic poetry
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  1. Concrete poetry
    • -Shapes and organized language so that its a design
    • -Foreground language and its meteriality because it precludes the common reading pratice of regarding languages as a trasparent, a window onto the "real world" and expression of truth instead of a construction of "truth"
    • -Enables the reader to feel compelled to excplore the mechanics, the relationships and the operation of language
  2. Sound Poetry
    • Forefrounds the auditory materiality of language
    • Reminds us that landuage is a system of signs by drawing our attention to the signifiers, to the ways that the words are organized to create certian effects.
    • Prompts us to pay attention to the play of language

    example: put put put put put put, Fump fump Fump, Bang
  3. Founde Poetry
    • A prose statement embedded in a paragraph
    • Rearranges prose words to constuct a poem by playing with the space of the page, line, lengths, and stanzaic structures.
    • Encourages people to examine the effects of the shape and the structures of poems
  4. Prose Poetry
    Transforms poetry into a prose (or at least produces a hybrid that does not look much like poetry, but has a distinctly "poetic" tone.)
  5. Alliteration
    Repetition of initial or first consonant sounds

    ex: Wilful waster makes woeful want.
  6. Apostrophe
    • A figure of speech which:
    • -The absent are addressed as if they were present
    • -The dead are addressed as if they were living
    • -Inanimate objects are addressed as if they were living

    Is often an ivocation to the muses or an address to a famous person of the past.
  7. Assonance
    Repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in a sequence of words close to one.

    ex: The deep blue sea is real. (the "e" sound)
  8. Cacophony
    A harsh, unpleasent combination of discordant sounds.
  9. Consonance
    The close repetition of similar or indentical consonants of words whose main vowerl differ
  10. Couplet
    A pair of rhymed lines
  11. Euphony
    A pleasing combination of sounds and rhythm
  12. Hyperbole
    A figure of speech based on exaggeration.
  13. Juxtaposition
    • Two or more things placed side by side, even though they usually aren't associated with each other
    • Often used to enhance, contrast, change, or synthesize an image

    Ex: Dog/Wolf, Tiger/Baby
  14. Metaphor
    A comparison between two unlike things, usually suggests one thing is like another
  15. Metonymy
    • A figure of speech that replaces the subject for its characteristics or the characteristics for the subject
    • Ex: The kettle boils, The jock was running laps
  16. Octave
    An eight-line stanza that is particularly used to describe the first right lines of a Petrachan sonnet
  17. Onomatopoeia
    • The sound of the word that mimics the sound to which it refers
    • Ex: Crash, Boom, Ring
  18. Oxymoron
    • Putting together words which seem to contradict one another
    • ex: bitter sweet, giant shrimp
  19. Paradox
    A statement that seems to contradict itself or to conflict with common sense. However it contains a truth
  20. Personification
    To give human characteristices to inanimate objects, animals, or ideas
  21. Quatrain
    The most common stanza in English poetry, consisting of four lines
  22. Refrain
    A phrase, or verse, which recurs at intervals, especially at the end of each stanza of a poem/song
  23. Rhyme
    • The harmony or identification of sound values

    • a) perfect/Masculine Rhyme: The repetition of stessed vowels and their subsequent consonants.
    • b) Double/Feminine Rhyme: Has two syllables that rhyme
  24. Rhyme Scheme
    The pattern in which the rhyming sounds occur in a poem. The rhymes are generally indicated by letters of the alphabet
  25. Rhythm
    The flow of the poem as created by alternating stressed and unstressed syllables
  26. Simile
    • A comparison between two unlike things in which the word like or as is present
    • Similes that are commonly used are considered weak in poetry and are reffered to as trite
  27. Synecdouche
    • A figure of speech in which a part is named for a whole
    • ex: He won her hand in marriage