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- -Shapes and organized language so that its a design
- -Foreground language and its meteriality because it precludes the common reading pratice of regarding languages as a trasparent, a window onto the "real world" and expression of truth instead of a construction of "truth"
- -Enables the reader to feel compelled to excplore the mechanics, the relationships and the operation of language
- Forefrounds the auditory materiality of language
- Reminds us that landuage is a system of signs by drawing our attention to the signifiers, to the ways that the words are organized to create certian effects.
- Prompts us to pay attention to the play of language
example: put put put put put put, Fump fump Fump, Bang
- A prose statement embedded in a paragraph
- Rearranges prose words to constuct a poem by playing with the space of the page, line, lengths, and stanzaic structures.
- Encourages people to examine the effects of the shape and the structures of poems
Transforms poetry into a prose (or at least produces a hybrid that does not look much like poetry, but has a distinctly "poetic" tone.)
Repetition of initial or first consonant sounds
ex: Wilful waster makes woeful want.
- A figure of speech which:
- -The absent are addressed as if they were present
- -The dead are addressed as if they were living
- -Inanimate objects are addressed as if they were living
Is often an ivocation to the muses or an address to a famous person of the past.
Repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in a sequence of words close to one.
ex: The deep blue sea is real. (the "e" sound)
A harsh, unpleasent combination of discordant sounds.
The close repetition of similar or indentical consonants of words whose main vowerl differ
A pair of rhymed lines
A pleasing combination of sounds and rhythm
A figure of speech based on exaggeration.
- Two or more things placed side by side, even though they usually aren't associated with each other
- Often used to enhance, contrast, change, or synthesize an image
Ex: Dog/Wolf, Tiger/Baby
A comparison between two unlike things, usually suggests one thing is like another
- A figure of speech that replaces the subject for its characteristics or the characteristics for the subject
- Ex: The kettle boils, The jock was running laps
An eight-line stanza that is particularly used to describe the first right lines of a Petrachan sonnet
- The sound of the word that mimics the sound to which it refers
- Ex: Crash, Boom, Ring
- Putting together words which seem to contradict one another
- ex: bitter sweet, giant shrimp
A statement that seems to contradict itself or to conflict with common sense. However it contains a truth
To give human characteristices to inanimate objects, animals, or ideas
The most common stanza in English poetry, consisting of four lines
A phrase, or verse, which recurs at intervals, especially at the end of each stanza of a poem/song
- The harmony or identification of sound values
- a) perfect/Masculine Rhyme: The repetition of stessed vowels and their subsequent consonants.
- b) Double/Feminine Rhyme: Has two syllables that rhyme
The pattern in which the rhyming sounds occur in a poem. The rhymes are generally indicated by letters of the alphabet
The flow of the poem as created by alternating stressed and unstressed syllables
- A comparison between two unlike things in which the word like or as is present
- Similes that are commonly used are considered weak in poetry and are reffered to as trite
- A figure of speech in which a part is named for a whole
- ex: He won her hand in marriage