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A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system
Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI)
The method of not giving the specifics of a project to the people participating in a research or study
A research format in which an observation of an event is made, but withour attempts to alter or change it
A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care
A type of research that examines patterns of change, a sequence of events, or trends over time within a certain population of study subjects
A type of research in which a single case is investigated and documented over a period of time
A type of research in which subjects are manually assigned to a specific person or crew, rather than being rendomly assigned; the least-preferred component of research
A data collection method in which all data at one point in time is collected, essentially serving as a snapshot of events and information
Expected errors that occur in the smpling phase of research
Direction given to an EMS service or provider by a physician
Medical direction given in real time to an EMS service or provider
Online Medical Control
The responsibility of the medical director to ensure that the appropriate medical care standards are met by EMS personnel on each call
A person who follows specific professional attributes that are outlined in this profession
Health Care Professional
A research format that uses a hypothesis to prove one finding from antoher
The use of practices that have been proven to be effective in improving patient outcomes
A health care system designed to bring immediate on-scene care to those in need along with transprt to a definative medical care facility
Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
A form of research in which the existing literature is reviewed, and the researcher analyzes the collection of research to draw a conclusion
An early title given to an ambulance-style unit
Mobile Intensive Care Units (MICUs)
The process whereby a state allows qualified people to perform a regulated act
A data collection method in which information is collected at various set time intervals, and not just at one time
Time parameters that are set during a research project
Alternative Time Sampling
Medical direction given through a set of protocols, policies, and/or standards
Off-line Medical Control
A type of research that gathers information as events occur in real time
The process used by medical magazines, journals, and other publications to ensure quality and validity of an article before publishing it, and which involves sending the article to subject matter experts for review of the content and research methods
A specialized set of knowlege, skills, and/or expertise
Outlined measures that may be difficult to obtain in a research project
A treatment plan developed for a specific illness or injury
A behavior expected by a person or group following a set of rules
The area (clinical, systems, or education) that will be impacted by a study
Providing information to an entity that stores it in some form of record book. In the context of EMS, records of your education, state or local licensure, and recertification are held by a recognized board
The process of granting licensure or certification to a provider from another state or agency
A type of measurement in research that uses a mean, median, and mode
The specific question(s) that a study aims to answer, and the precise methods in which the data will be gathered
A group of agencies working together to study a particular topic
A type of descriptive statistic in research that does not use numeric information
Research performed from current available information
A group or institution that follows a set of requirements for review that were devised by the US Public Health Service
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
A type of protocol that is a written document signed by the EMS systems medical director that outlines specific directions, permissions, and sometimes prohibitions regarding patient care that is rendered prior to contacting medical control
A computer-generated list of subjects or groups for research
A type of study in which the subjects are advised of all aspects of the study
The collaboration of prehospital and in-hospital medicne that focuses on optimizing the use of resources and assests of each with a primary goal of reducing the mortality and morbidity of trauma patients
Who has the authority to issue a license?
State EMS governmental body
Where was the concept of physician-operated mobile intensive care developed?
The role of EMD in emergency medical services is:
Emergency medical dispatch.
The level of certification required prior to entering your paramedic training is:
Emergency medical technician.
The entity that typically coordinates the entire rescue effort is:
The EMT paramedic national standards are regulated by the:
Reciprocity allows a paramedic to:
Become certified by another state or agency.
Which of the following is necessary when returning to service?
-Restock your unit
-Complete all documentation
-Notify the hospital
-Assess the situation
Restock you unit
The patient documentaion is the responsibility of the:
-Officer on scene
-Attendant in charge
Attendant in charge
The role of an EMS medical director includes:
-Developing clinical protocols
-Providing input into patient care
-Participating in equipment selection
-All of the above
All of the above
Off-line medical control allows for the developement of all of the following EXCEPT:
-Procedures and training
The patient care report should be filled out:
-before the end of your shift
-during the call
-immediately after the call
-within 3 hours after the call
Immediately after the call
A tool that is often used to continually evaluate paramedic performance is:
Continuous quality improvement
Research that is based on numerical data is know as ________ resarch.
By definition, retrospectice research is:
-research that is observation only.
-when a clinical trial is being performed.
-based on a clearly defined problem.
-based on currently available data.
Based on currently available data
Which techniqu requires that the subject(s) not be completly informed about the research that is being performed?
Off-line medical control can best be described as:
Standing orders or Protocols
Mode can best be defined as the:
-sum of a formula
-number in the middle
-most common number
Most common number
What was established after the publication of the "White Paper"?
-National Highway Safety Act
-The first EMT textbook
-Miami Fire paramedic program
-Controlled Substance Act
National Highway Safety Act
What group is responsible for ensuring that a research study is ethically sound?
-Institutional review board
-Regional ethics committee
Insitutional review board