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Aortic Arch I and II become:
Mandibular and Maxillary arteries
Aortic Arch III becomes:
Aortic Arch IV becomes:
- On the left: the Transverse Aortic Arch.
- On the right: The Left Subclavian Artery and the Brachiocephalic trunk.
Aortic Arch V becomes:
Nothing of particular use.
Aortic Arch VI becomes:
The Pulmonary trunk and Pulmonary Arteries.
The distal portion becomes the Ductus Arteriosus.
Cusps of the Aortic Valve:
Right Coronary Cusp, Left Coronary Cusp, and Non Coronary Cusp
Pulmonic Valve Cusps:
Posterior (anterior), Right, and Left
Which walls are visible in an Apical 2 chamber view?
Anterior and Inferior
Embryonic heart arises from the _________ __________.
Pericardial fluid is located between:
the visceral and parietal pericardium
Neural crest cells migrate into the Truncus Arteriosus to initiate __________ and __________.
Septation and Innervation.
The congenital defect associated with Cleft Mitral Valve is __________.
Forceful reopening of the interatrial valvular Foramen Ovale after birth could be secondary to _________ stenosis.
(foramen ovale only allows flow from right atrium to left atrium)
Partial anomalous pulmonary vein drainage is associated with ________ __________ ASD.
LAD supplies the _______ cap.
apical cap in left ventrical.
(the LAD's Cap)
Anything "lateral" is supplied by the _____ ______ artery.
Left Circumflex artery.
In embryonic development, septation of the truncus arteriosus leads to separation of _______ and _______.
LVOT and RVOT.
In tetralogy of Fallot, the direction of bloodthrough through the shunt in the perimembranous VSD is determined by:
the severity of pulmonic stenosis.
The most common VSD occurs where?
The left innominate vein can be seen in which view?
In transposition of the great arteries, the aorta arises ________ly from the ______ ventricle, while the pulmonary trunk arises _________ly from the ______ ventricle.
- aorta: anteriorly from the RV
- pulmonary trunk: posteriorly from LV
Left and Right Innominate veins drain into the _____.
D - Looping (looping to the right) results in _________.
Levocardia with the apex facing left.
The sinus venosus has right and left horns. What does the right horn become? What does the left horn become?
- Right: SVC and IVC
- Left: CS
Which VSD is commonly associated with endo cushion defect?
Failure of the spiro aortico pulmonary septum to form would result in __________ __________ _________.
persistent truncus arteriosus
Persistent Left SVC defenct connects and abnormally drains into the:
Fully oxygenated fetal blood is only found in the :
In normal fetal circulation, oxygen bypasses the liver into the IVC through:
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