ch 9

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sdbarnes
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173974
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ch 9
Updated:
2012-09-27 20:37:26
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ant ch 9
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  1. the set of learned behaviors and ideas (including beliefs, attitudes,values,and ideals)that are characteristics of a particular society or other social group
    culture
  2. a group of people who occupy a particular territory and speak a common language not generally understood by neighboring peoples.
    Society
  3. commonly shared customs of a group within a society which are central concern of sociologists and increasingly of concern to anthropologists
    Subculture
  4. people who judge other cultures soley in term of their own culutre are and they hold a attitude called
    • Ethnocentric
    • Ethnocentism
  5. The anthropological attitude that a society's customs and ideas should be described objectively and understood in the context of that society's problems and opportunities became known as
    Cultural relativism
  6. Social scientists refer to standards or rules about what is acceptable behavior as
    Norms
  7. those that diminish the chances of survival and reproduction are likely to disappear
    maladaptive customs
  8. the customs of a society that enhance survival and reproductive success are
    adaptive customs
  9. process by which cultural elements are borrowed from another society and incorporated into the culture of the recipient group is called (ex mcdonalds in china )
    Diffusion
  10. the changes that occur when different cultural groups come into intensive contact
    acculturation
  11. the most drastic and rapid way a culture can change is as a result of
    Revolution
  12. the massive flow of goods,people,information,and capital across huge areas of the earth's surface
    Globalization
  13. In the aftermath of violent events such as depopulation, relocation,enslavement,and genocide by dominant powers,deprived peoples have created new cultures in a process called
    Ehnogenesis

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