Chapter 14 Cards

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Chapter 14 Cards
2009-11-26 21:42:28
The Reproductive System

Medical Terminology
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  1. perineum
    the external surface in both males and females between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx
  2. seminiferous tubules
    location of sperm formation
  3. epididymis
    is a coiled tube at the upper part of each testicle
  4. spermatic cord
    extends upward from the epididymis and is attached to each testicle, each cord contains a vas deferens plus the arteries, veins, nerves, and lymphatic vessels
  5. pen/i
  6. phall/i
  7. glans penis
    head of the penis
  8. prepuce
  9. vas deferens
    (ductus deferens) the long narrow continuations of the epididymis
  10. seminal vesicles
    glands that secrete a thick yellow substance to nourish the sperm cells, 60% of semen
  11. ejaculatory duct
    begins at the vas deferens, passes through the prostate gland and empties into the urethra
  12. ejaculate
    expel suddenly
  13. bulbourethral glands
    ( Cowper's gland ) located on either side of the urethra, secretes pre-ejaculate
  14. spermatogenesis
    process of sperm formation
  15. spermat/o
  16. spermatazoa
  17. motile
    capable of spontaneous motion
  18. balanitis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  19. balan
    glans penis
  20. phimosis
    narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it cannot be retracted
  21. peyronies disease
    sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection
  22. andropause
    male menopause - decrease in the male hormone testosterone
  23. andr/o
    male or masculine
  24. -pause
  25. ADAM
    androgen decline in the aging male
  26. anorchism
    absence of one or both testicles
  27. orch-
  28. cryptorchidism
    undescended testicle
  29. crypt/o
  30. orchid-
  31. epididym-
  32. hydrocele
    fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord
  33. cele-
    hernia or swelling
  34. spermatocele
    cyst that forms in the epididymis and is filled with a milky fluid containing sperm
  35. orchalgia
    pain in one or both testicles
  36. testicular torsion
    sharp pain in the scrotum caused by the twisting of the vas deferens and blood vessels
  37. varicocele
    knot of vericose veins in one side of the scrotum
  38. varic/o
    varicose veins
  39. normal sperm count
    20-120 million or more per milliliter
  40. azoospermia
    absence of sperm in the semen
  41. zoo-
  42. olig/o
  43. hemospermia
    presence of blood in the seminal fluid
  44. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  45. orchiopexy
    endoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position in the scrotum
  46. orchi/o
  47. cel-
  48. bilateral orchidectomy
    surgical removal or destruction of both testicles
  49. vas
    vas deferens
  50. vasovasostomy
    vasectomy reversal
  51. vas/o
    blood vessel
  52. ophthalmia neonatorum
    form of conjunctivitis that is caused by the bacteria responsible for chlamydia or gonorrhea
  53. chlamydia
    caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis
  54. bacterial vaginosis
    abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina
  55. genital herpes
    caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2
  56. genital warts
    caused by the human papilloma virus
  57. gonorrhea
    highly contagious condition caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  58. syphillis
    caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum
  59. chancre
    sore caused by syphilis
  60. RPR test
    rapid plasma reagin - test for syphilis
  61. trichomoniasis
    infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis
  62. pudendum
  63. bartholin's gland
    produces mucus to lubricate the vagina
  64. mamm/o
    mammary glands / breasts
  65. mast/o
    mammary glands / breasts
  66. lactiferous glands
    mammary glands
  67. lactiferous ducts
    milk ducts
  68. lact-
  69. -iferous
    carrying or producing
  70. follicle
    fluid-filled sac containing a single ovum
  71. infundibulum
    funnel-shaped opening into the fallopian tube
  72. fimbriae
    fringed finger like extensions of the infundibulum
  73. ante-
  74. flex-
  75. fundus
    bulging rounded part of the fallopian tubes
  76. corpus
    body of the uterus
  77. peri-
  78. metri-
  79. my/o
  80. mucosa
    mucous membrane
  81. colp/o
  82. vagin/o
  83. menarche
    beginning of the menstrual function
  84. men-
  85. -arche
  86. gynec-
  87. oophor-
  88. -rrhexis
    to rupture
  89. polycystic ovary syndrome
    Stein-Leventhal Syndrome - caused by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles
  90. pyosalpinx
    accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube
  91. -salpinx
    fallopian tube
  92. salping-
    fallopian or eustachian tube
  93. pelvic floor hernia
    uterine prolapse
  94. myoma
    benign tumor of muscle and fibrous tissue in the uterus
  95. cervical dysplasia
    precancerous lesions in the cervix
  96. cervic-
  97. colporrhexis
    tearing or laceration of vaginal wall
  98. colp/o
  99. -rrhexis
    to rupture
  100. vaginal candidiasis
    vaginal thrush or yeast infection caused by candida albicans
  101. pruritis
  102. -dynia
  103. vulv-
  104. fibroadenoma
    is a round, firm, rubbery mass of glandular and connective tissue in the breast
  105. fibrocystic breast disease
    single or multiple benign cysts in the breast
  106. mastodynia
    pain in the breast
  107. dys-
  108. metr/o
  109. hyster/o
  110. salping/o
  111. papanicolaou test
    Pap smear
  112. premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
    severe emotional and physical problems that are closely linked to the menstrual cycle
  113. uterine-
  114. progestin
    synthetic form of progesterone
  115. ovari-
  116. myom-
    muscle tumor
  117. corpus luteum
    secretes the hormone progesterone during the second half of the menstrual cycle
  118. fet-
    unborn child
  119. chorion
    thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo
  120. amnion
    amniotic sac
  121. confinement
    old term describing the period of rest for the mother that followed childbirth
  122. quickening
    the first movement of the fetus that can be felt
  123. Braxton Hicks contractions
    intermittent painless uterine contractions that occur with increasing frequency as the pregnancy progresses
  124. antepartum
    final stage of pregnancy before labor
  125. nulli-
  126. -gravida
  127. -para
    bringing forth
  128. primi-
  129. -parous
    haivng borne
  130. nulligravida
    woman who has never been pregnant
  131. nullipara
    woman who has never borne a viable child
  132. primigravida
    woman during her first pregnancy
  133. primipara
    woman who has borne one viable child
  134. multiparous
    woman who had given birth two or more times
  135. parturation
    three stages of labor, dilation, delivery, expulsion of afterbirth
  136. effacement
    process by which the cervix prepares for delivery
  137. puerperium
    the time from delivery to nonpregnant state, 6 weeks
  138. lochia
    postpartum vaginal discharge, 4-6 weeks
  139. involution
    return of an enlarged organ to normal size
  140. -loch
  141. meconium
    stool of a newborn
  142. ectopic
    out of place
  143. abruptio placentae
    disorder in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall before birth
  144. placenta previa
    implantation of placenta in the lower portion of the uterus
  145. previa
    appearing before or in front of
  146. chorionic villi
    small finger like projections on the chorion
  147. amnio-
    amnion and fetal membrane
  148. pelvi-
  149. -metry
  150. episi-