APPENDIX

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hoalan
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174003
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APPENDIX
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2012-09-27 22:23:33
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127 153
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127-153
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  1. 127. The period of time the ventricles are filling with blood is called:a. ventricular systoleb. ventricular diastolec. isovolumic contractiond. isovolumic relaxation
    B
  2. 128. According to the electrocardiogram, ventricular diastole occurs between the:a. QRS and T waveb. P wave to the QRS complexc. end of the T wave to the onset of the QRS complexd. S wave to the P wave
    C
  3. 129. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the cardiac valves during diastole?a. atrioventricular valves open, semilunar valves openb. atrioventricular valves closed, semilunar valves closedc. atrioventricular valves open, semilunar valves closedd. atrioventricular valves closed, semilunar valves open
    C
  4. 130. All of the following are considered components of ventricular diastole except:a. atrial systoleb. rapid early fillingc. diastasisd. pre-ejection period
    D
  5. 131. What percentage of filling normally occurs during early, rapid ventricular diastole
    a. 10%
    b. 30%
    c. 50%
    d. 70%
    D
  6. 132. What percentage of filling normally occurs with atrial systole?
    a. 10%
    b. 30%
    c. 50%
    d. 70%
    B
  7. 133. In relation to the electrocardiogram, ventricular systole occurs during the:
    a. end of the T wave to the onset of the QRS complex
    b. peak of the R wave to the end of the S wave
    c. onset of the Q wave to the end of the T wave
    d. end of the P wave to the onset of QRS complex
    C
  8. 134. Which of the following is a true statement concerning the cardiac valves during ventricular systole?
    a. semilunar valves are open, atrioventricular valves are open
    b. semilunar valve are closed, atrioventricular valves are closed
    c. semilunar valves are open, atrioventricular valves are closed
    d. semilunar valves are closed, atrioventricular valve are open
    C
  9. 135. The time period between semilunar valve closure and atrioventricular valve opening is called:
    a. ventricular systole
    b. atrial systole
    c. isovolumic contraction
    d. isovolumic relaxation
    D
  10. 136. Which of the following is a true statement concerning isovolumic relaxation?
    a. ventricular pressure and volume are decreasing
    b. ventricular pressure and volume are increasing
    c. ventricular pressure is decreasing and ventricular volume is increasing
    d. ventricular pressure is decreasing and ventricular volume is unchanged
    D
  11. 137. The amount of blood pumped out of the heart per beat is called:
    a. stroke volume
    b. cardiac outpu
    tc. cardiac index
    d. ejection fraction
    A
  12. 138. The amount of blood pumped out of the heart per minute is called:
    a. stroke volume
    b. cardiac output
    c. cardiac index
    d. ejection fraction
    B
  13. 139.Cardiac output adjusted for body surface area is called:
    a. stroke volume
    b. cardiac output
    c. cardiac index
    d. ejection fraction
    C
  14. 140. The percentage of blood pumped out of the heart per beat is called:
    a. stroke volume
    b. cardiac output
    c. cardiac index
    d. ejection fraction
    D
  15. 141. The formula for stroke volume is:
    a. end-diastolic volume - end systolic volume
    b. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate
    c. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate/body surface area
    d. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume/end- diastolic volume x 100
    A
  16. 142. The formula for cardiac output is:
    a. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume
    b. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate
    c. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate/body surface area
    d. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume/end- diastolic volume x 100
    B
  17. 143. The formula for cardiac index is:
    a. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume
    b. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate
    c. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate/body surface area
    d. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume/end- diastolic volume x 100
    C
  18. 144. The formula for ejection fraction is:
    a. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume
    b. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate
    c. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume x heart rate/body surface area
    d. end-diastolic volume - end-systolic volume/end-diastolic volume x 100
    D
  19. 145.The normal range for stroke volume is:
    a. 70 cc to 100 cc
    b. 62%±12%
    c. 2.4 lpmIm2 to 4.2 lpmIm2
    d. 4lpmto8lpm
    A
  20. 146.The normal range for cardiac output is:
    a. 2.4 lpmIm2 to 4.2 lpmlm2
    b. 70 cc to 100 cc
    c. 62%±12%
    d. 4lpmto8lpm
    D
  21. 147.The normal range for cardiac index is:
    a. 62%±12%
    b. 70 cc to 100 cc
    c. 4lpmto8lpm
    d. 2.4 lpmIm2 to 4.2 lpm!m2
    D
  22. 148.The normal range for ejection fraction is:
    a. 4lpmto8lpm
    b. 2.4 IpmIm2 to 4.2 lpmIm2
    c. 70ccto100cc
    d. 62%±12%
    D
  23. 149.All of the following may be calculated by cardiac Doppler except:
    a. stroke volume
    b. cardiac output
    c. cardiac index
    d. ejection fraction
    D
  24. 150.All of the following are considered a part of the pulmonary circulation except:
    a. right ventricle
    b. main pulmonary artery and branches
    c. pulmonary capillaries
    d. venacava
    D
  25. 151.All of the following are considered a component of the systemic circulation except:
    a. left ventricle
    b. aorta
    c. cerebral, peripheral and abdominal veins
    d. pulmonary veins
    D
  26. 152. When comparing the systemic circulation to the pulmonary circulation all of the following are true except:
    a. higher pressure
    b. higher resistance
    c. higher carbon dioxide content
    d. thicker vessel walls
    C
  27. 153. If the left ventricular stroke volume is 90 cc, the right ventricular stroke volume should normally be:
    a. 10% greater
    b. 10% less
    C. equal to
    d. cannot be predicted
    C

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