Chapter 3 Law and Ethics
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The judiciary has two primary roles:
First, courts adjudicate disputes
Second, certain courts are charged with the responsibility of judicial review
US Supreme Court
The ultimate arbiters of federal law are the nine justices of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Although the Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction, the primary role of the court is to finalize a legal decision on any given case.
Writ of certiorar
A discretionary order issued by the Supreme Court (and federal appellate courts) granting a request to argue an appeal.
A party filing for an appeal must file a petition for a
writ of certiorar
the two types of state courts
state trial courts and state appellate courts
The principal trial courts are the
U.S. district courts
Federal appellate courts are called the
U.S. courts of appeal
The ultimate arbiter of federal law is the
U.S. Supreme Court
Jurisdiction is a court’s authority to decide a particular case based on:
- (1) who the parties are, Long arm jurisdiction
- (2) the subject matter of the dispute
Federal Jurisdiction Authority over the Dispute Based on
Diversity of citizenship
The zippo standard
comprehensive scheme for testing a minimum contacts analysis of personal jurisdiction based on one party’s use of the Internet in its business
country of origin principle
apply the law of the country where the defendant’s servers are located
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