Bio 1040-2

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  1. Be able to list the 4 overall functions of blood.
    • a. Transportation
    • b. Defense
    • c. Regulatory/Homeostasis
    • d. Clotting
  2. What type of tissue is blood
    Fluid connective tissue
  3. It is made of formed elements and a fluid matrix.  What are the formed elements and what is the fluid matrix called?
    • a. Red blood cells
    • b. White blood cells
    • c. Platelets
    • d. Plasma
  4. List the major components of plasma to include the 3 major proteins found in it and the function of each.
    • a. Albumins – transportation
    • b. Globulins – transportation
    • c. Fibrinogen – blood clotting
  5. What is the structure of RBCs?
    lack a nucleus, biconcave, and hemoglobin molecules
  6. What is the function of RBCs?
    transport O2 and CO2
  7. Where are RBCs produced?
    Red bone marrow
  8. What is the hormonal control of RBCs?
    EPO (Erythropoietin)
  9. How long do RBCs live?
    About 120 days
  10. What is the structure of WBCs?
    large blood cells that have a nucleus
  11. What is the function of WBCs?
    Fight infection and an important part of the immune system
  12. Where are WBCs produced?
    Red bone marrow
  13. What is the hormonal control for WBCs?
  14. Where are WBCs found?
    In the blood and tissues
  15. What is the structure of platelets?
    Made of fragments of cells
  16. What is the function of platelets?
    Blood clotting
  17. Where are platelets produced?
    Red bone marrow
  18. List and be able to describe the 3 RBC Disorders.
    • a. Anemia – too few RBCs or hemoglobin
    • b. Sickle-cell anemia – RBCs sickle shaped
    • c. Hemolytic disease of the newborn – incompatible blood types that leads to rupturing of blood cells
  19. List and be able to describe the 3 WBC Disorders.
    • a. Severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) – inherited disease; lack an enzyme that allows them to fight
    • any infection
    • b. Leukemia – type of cancer; WBCs divide without control
    • c. infectious mononucleosis – “kissing disease”; Epstein-Barr virus (EPV)
  20. List and be able to describe the 3 Platelet Disorders.
    • a. thrombocytopenia – number of platelets too low
    • b. thromboembolism – clot forms and breaks off from its site of origin and plugs another vessel
    • c. hemophilia – genetic disorder; deficiency of a clotting factor
  21. What are the 4 blood types?
    • a. A
    • b. B
    • c. AB
    • d. O
  22. Which is the universal donor? Why?
    Type O – will be accepted by all blood types
  23. Which is the universal recipient? Why?
    Type AB – does not react against A or B; O has nothing to react with
Card Set:
Bio 1040-2
2012-09-28 04:24:28
biology 1040 chapters colleen white apsu

apsu biology 1040, Colleen White, Chapters 6-10
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