MedTerm_Test3

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MedTerm_Test3
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  1. Larynx
    Location of vocal cords, also called the voice box.
  2. Trachea
    Windpipe
  3. Mediastinum
    Space between the lungs. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures.
  4. atel / o
    imperfect, incomplete
  5. capn / o
    carbon dioxide
  6. hem/o , hemat/o
    blood
  7. orth/o
    straight
  8. phon/o
    sound, voice
  9. py/o
    pus
  10. somn/o
    sleep
  11. spir/o
    breathe, breathing
  12. endo-
    within
  13. eu-
    normal, good
  14. pan-
    all, total
  15. poly- 
    many, much 
  16. tachy-
    fast, rapid
  17. -algia
    pain
  18. -ar, -ary, -eal
    pertaining to
  19. -cele
    hernia or protrusion
  20. -centesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
  21. -emia
    blood condition
  22. -pexy
    surgical fixation, suspension
  23. -stenosis
    constriction or narrowing
  24. atelectasis
    incomplete expansion (of lung or portion of the lung)
  25. bronchiectasis
    dilation of the bronchi
  26. bronchogenic carcinoma
    cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus
  27. diaphragmatocele
    hernia of the diaphragm
  28. pansinusitis
    inflammation of all sinuses
  29. pneumatocele
    hernia of the lung
  30. pyothorax
    pus in the chest
  31. rhinitis
    inflammation of the nose
  32. thoracalgia 
    pain in the chest
  33. tonsilitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  34. tracheitis
    inflammation of the trachea
  35. acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury.  Symptoms include dyspnea, tachypnea, and cyanosis.
  36. COPDthat restricts air flow, which makesCor Pulmonale breathing difficult.  
    a progressive lung disease Serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema.
  37. Croup
    Condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness, and stridor.  It may be caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body.
  38. Deviated Septum
    One part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation of injury of the nasal septum.
  39. Emphysema
    Stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity.
  40. Epistaxis
    Nosebleed
  41. Influenza
    Highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus ( FLU )
  42. Legionnaire Disease
    A lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila
  43. Pertussis
    Highly contagious bacterial infection of the resp. tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop.
  44. Pleural Effusion
    Fluid in the pleural space caused by a disease process or trauma.
  45. Tuberculosis ( TB )
    An infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecing the lungs.
  46. Laryngostomy
    Creation of an artificial opening into the larynx.
  47. Pleuropexy
    Surgical fixation of the pleura
  48. Rhinoplasty
    Surgical repair of the nose
  49. Thoracocentesis
    Surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity.
  50. Capnometer
    Instrument used to measure CO2 levels
  51. Oximeter
    Instrument used to measure O2 saturation in the blood
  52. Spirometer
    Instrument used to measure breathing
  53. CT Scan
    Computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back.  Performed to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion.  CT is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.
  54. Chest Radiograph ( CXR )
    A radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the lungs and the heart.
  55. Ventiliation-Perfusion Scanning
    A nuclear medicine procedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions.  
  56. Acid-Fast Bacilli Smear (AFB)
    A test performed on sputum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause TB
  57. Arterial Blood Gases
    A test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of O2, CO2, and other gases present
  58. Peak Flow Meter
    A portable instrument used to measue how fast air can be pushed out of the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly. 
  59. Pulmonary Function Tests
    A group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determine respiratory function; when abnormal, they are useful in distinguishing COPD from asthma.
  60. Auscultation
    The act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope.
  61. Acapnia
    Condition of less than normal CO2 levels in the blood.
  62. Aphonia
    Condition of absence of voice
  63. Dysphonia
    Condition of difficult speaking.
  64. Hypercapnia
    Condition of high CO2 levels in the blood
  65. Hypopnea 
    Deficient breathing
  66. Hypoxemia
    Condition of deficient oxygen in the blood.
  67. Hypoxia
    Condition of deficient oxygen to the tissues.
  68. ABG's 
    Arterial blood gases
  69. AFB
    acid fact bacilli
  70. CT
    computerized tomography
  71. CXR
    Chest radiograph
  72. flu
    influenza
  73. LLL
    Left Lower Lobe
  74. LTB 
    Laryngotracheobronchitis
  75. OSA
    Obsturctive Sleep Apnea
  76. PE
    Pulmonary Embolism
  77. PFM 
    Peak Flow Meter
  78. PFT
    Pulmonary Function Tests
  79. PSG
    Polysomnography
  80. RML
    right middle lobe
  81. SOB 
    Shortness Of Breath
  82. URI 
    Upper Resp. Infection
  83. VPS
    Ventillation-Perfusion Scanning
  84. BiPAP
    Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure
  85. CPT
    Chest Physiotherapy
  86. CPAP
    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  87. DPI
    Dry Powder Inhaler
  88. HME
    Heat / Moisture Exchanger
  89. IPPB
    Intermittent Positive-Pressure Breathing
  90. MDI
    Metered-Dose Inhaler
  91. NPPV
    Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilator
  92. PEP
    Positive Expiratory Pressure
  93. SVN
    Small-Volume Nebulizer
  94. VAP
    Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
  95.  The right atrium receives blood ....
    returning from the body through the veins.
  96. The left atrium receives blood .... 
    from the lungs
  97. The left ventricle pumps blood ...
    through the arteries from the heart back to the body tissue.
  98. The right ventricle pumps blood ...
    to the lungs
  99. The atrial septum separates the ...
    atria 
  100. Epicardium
    Covers the heart
  101. Myocardium
    middle, thick, muscular layer
  102. Endocardium
    Inner lining of the heart
  103. Aorta 
    The largest artery in the body, originating at the left ventricle and descending through the thorax and abdomen.
  104. All veins, with the exception of the pulmonary veins.. 
    carry blood containing CO2 and other waste products.
  105. Venae Cavae
    Largest veins in the body.  The inferior vena cava carries blood tothe heart from the body parts below the diaphragm.
  106. Plasma is approx what % of total blood volume.
    90
  107. White Blood Cells or Leukocytes come in 5 types, what are they?
    • 1. Neutrophil
    • 2. Eosinophil
    • 3. Basophil
    • 4. Lymphocyte
    • 5. Monocyte
  108. angi/o
    vessel
  109. lymphaden/o
    lymph node
  110. myel/o
    bone marrow
  111. phleb/o, ven/o
    vein
  112. arther/o
    yellowish, fatty plaque
  113. ech/o
    sound
  114. electr/o
    electricity
  115. isch/o
    deficiency, blockage
  116. therm/o
    heat
  117. thromb/o
    clot
  118. -ac
    pertaining to
  119. -apheresis
    removal
  120. -graph
    instrument used to record
  121. -penia
    abnormal reduction in number
  122. -poiesis
    formation
  123. -sclerosis
    hardening
  124. Angioma
    Tumor composed of blood vessels
  125. Angiostenosis
    Narrowing of a blood vessel
  126. Aortic Stenosis
    Narrowing, pertaining to aorta
  127. Athersclerosis
    hardening of fatty plaque
  128. Cardiomegaly
    Enlargement of the heart
  129. Cardiomyopathy
    Disease of the heart muscle
  130. Endocarditis
    Inflammation of the muscle of the heart
  131. Phelbitis
    Inflammation of a vein
  132. Polyarteritis
    Inflammation of many arteries.
  133. Thrombophlebitis
    Inflammation of a vein associated with clot.
  134. Valvulitis
    Inflammation of a valve
  135. Hematoma
    Tumor of blood
  136. Multiple Myeloma
    Tumors of bone marrow
  137. Pancytopenia
    Abnormal reduction of all cells
  138. Thrombosis
    Abnormal condition of a blood clot
  139. Lymphadenitis
    Inflammation of the lymph nodes
  140. Lymphoma
    Tumor of lymphatic tissue
  141. Splenomegaly
    Enlargement of the spleen
  142. Thymoma
    Tumor of the thymus gland
  143. Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)
    sudden insignificant blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction
  144. Aneurysm
    Ballooning of a weeakened portion of an arterial wall.
  145. Angina Pectoris
    Chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle.
  146. Arrhythmia
    Any disturbance or abnormality in the hearts normal rhythmic pattern
  147. Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)
    Chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria.  PAF and CAF
  148. Cardiac Arrest
    Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires CPR
  149. Cardiac Tamponade
    Acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
  150. Coarctation of the Aorta
    Congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta.
  151. Congenital Heart Disease
    Hear abnormality present at birth.
  152. Coronary Occlusion
    Obstruction of an artery of the heart, usually from atherosclerosis.  Coronary occlusion can lead to acute myocardial infarction.
  153. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
    Condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the ody.  Most often occurs in the lower extremeties.  A clot can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.
  154. Intermittent Caludication 
    Pain and discomfort in calf muscles while walkingl a condition seen in peripheral arterial disease.  
  155. Mitral Valve Stenosis
    A narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever.
  156. Myocardial Infarction (MI)
    Necrosis of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply.
  157. Rheumatic Heart Disease
    Damage to the heart muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever.
  158. Varicose Veins
    Distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremeties.
  159. Anemia
    Reduction in the number of red blood cells.
  160. Embolus
    Blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point in the circulation.
  161. Hemophilia 
    Inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII
  162. Leukemia
    Malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells formed in the bone marrow.
  163. Sepsis
    A condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection. 
  164. Hodgkin Disease
    Malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lympg nodes, usually beginning in the cervical nodes.
  165. Infectious Mononucleosis
    An acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue, and fever.  The disease affects mostly young people and is usually transmitted by saliva.
  166. Angioplasty
    Surgical repair of a blood vessel
  167. Atherectomy
    Excision of fatty plaque
  168. Endarterectomy
    Excision within an artery.
  169. Pericardiocentesis
    Surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the sac surrounding the heart.
  170. Phlebectomy
    Excision of a vein
  171. Phlebotomy
    Incision into a vein
  172. Valvuloplasty
    Surgical repair of a vein
  173. Splenectomy
    Excision of the spleen
  174. Splenopexy
    Surgical fixation of the spleen
  175. Thymectomy
    Excision of the thymus gland
  176. Aneurysmectomy
    Surgical excision of an aneurysm
  177. Atrial Fibrillation Ablation
    A procedure in which abnormal cells that trigger atrial fibrillation are destroyed by using radiofrequency energy.
  178. Femoropopliteal Bypass
    Surgery to establish an alternate route from the femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction.
  179. Bone Marrow Aspiration
    A syringe is used to aspirate a sample of the liquid portion of the bone marrow, usually from the ilium, for study; used to diagnose, stage, and monitor disease and condition of the blood cells.
  180. Angiography
    Radiographic imaging of blood vessels.
  181. Angioscope
    Instrument used for visual examination.
  182. Angioscopy
    Visual examination of a blood vessel
  183. Aortogram
    Radiographic image of the aorta
  184. Echocardiogram (ECHO)
    Record of the heart using sound
  185. Electrocardiogram
    Record of the electrical activity of the heart
  186. Cardiac Catheterization
    An examination to determine the condition of the heart and surrounding blood vessels.
  187. Impedance Plethysmography
    Measures venous flow of the extremitites with a plethysmograph to detect clots by measuring changes in blood volume and resistance in the vein.  Used to detect deep vein thrombosis.
  188. Blood Pressue
    Pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessel walls.  A blood pressure measurement written as systolic / diastolic
  189. C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
    A blood test to measure the amount of C-reactive protein in the blood, which, when elevated, indicates inflammation in the body.  It is sometimes used in assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  190. Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK)
    A blood test used to measure the level of creatine phosphokinase, an enzyme of heart and skeletal muscle released into the blood after muscle injury or necrosis.  
  191. Homocysteine
    A blood test used to measure the amount of homocysteine in the blood.  Homocysteine is an amino acid that, if elevated, may indicate an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  192. Lipid Profile
    A blood test used to measure the amount of lipid profile in a blood sample.
  193. Troponin
    A blood test that measures troponin, a heart muscle enzyme.  Look more on this page... 451
  194. Hematocrit (HCT)
    A blood test to measure the volume of red blood cells.  It is used in the diagnosis and evaluation of anemic patients.
  195. PAGE 452
    Review
  196. Phlebologist
    Physician who studies and treats diseases of the veins.
  197. Phlebology
    The study of veins.
  198. Hematopoiesis
    Formation of blood cells
  199. Hemostasis
    Stoppage of bleeding
  200. Myelopoiesis
    Formation of bone marrow
  201. Plasmapheresis
    Removal of plasma
  202. Thrombolysis
    Dissolution of a clot
  203. Occulde
    To close tightly, to block.
  204. Blood Dyscrasia
    Abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
  205. Hemorrhage
    Rapid loss of blood, as in bleeding
  206. ACS 
    Acute Coronary Syndrome
  207. Afib
    Atrial Fibrillation
  208. AV
    atrioventricular
  209. CABG
    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  210. CAD C
    Coronary Artery Disease
  211. CCU
    coronary care unit
  212. CPK
    creatine phosphokinase
  213. CRP
    C-reactive protein
  214. DSA
    Digital subtraction angiography
  215. DVT
    deep vein thrombossi
  216. HCT
    hemoatocrit
  217. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  218. HHD
    hypertensice heart disease
  219. ICD
    implantable cardiac defibrillator
  220. IPG
    impedance plethysmography
  221. MI
    myocardial infarction
  222. PAD
    peripheral arterial disease
  223. PT 
    prothrombin time
  224. PTCA
    Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  225. TEE
    transesophageal echocardiogram
  226. Soft Palate
    posterior portion, not supported by bone
  227. Pharynx, throat
    performs the swalling action that passes food from the mouth into the esophagus
  228. Cardia
    area around the opening of the esophagus
  229. Fundus
    uppermost domed portion of the stomach
  230. Antrum
    lower portion of the stomach
  231. Duodenum
    First 10 to 12 inches of the small intestine
  232. Jejunum 
    second portion of the small intestine
  233. Ileum
    Third portion of the small intestine
  234. Cecum
    Blind U shaped pouch that is the first portion of the large intestine
  235. Peritoneum
    serous saclike lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities
  236. Appendix
    Small pouch, which has no function in digestion, attached to the cecum
  237. an/o
    anus
  238. antr/o
    antrum
  239. cec/o
    cecum
  240. col/o , colon/o
    colon
  241. enter/o
    intestine
  242. or/o , stomat/o
    mouth 
  243. proct/o , rect/o
    rectum
  244. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  245. cheil/o
    lip
  246. cholangi/o
    bile duct
  247. chol/e
    gall, bile
  248. choledoch/o 
    common bile duct
  249. gingiv/o
    gum
  250. gloss/o , lingu/o
    tongue
  251. hepat/o
    liver
  252. polyp/o
    polyp, small growth
  253. pylor/o
    pylorus, pyloric sphincter
  254. sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  255. steat/o
    fat
  256. uvul/o
    uvula
  257. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  258. choledocholithiasis
    condition of stones in the common bile duct
  259. cholelithiasis 
    condition of gallstones
  260. diverticulitis
    inflammation of the diverticulum
  261. diverticulosis
    abnormal condition of having diverticula
  262. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  263. gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  264. gastroenterocolitis
    inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon
  265. Hepatoma 
    tumor of the liver
  266. Palitis
    inflammation of the palate
  267. Pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  268. Peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  269. Proctoptosis
    Prolapse of the rectum
  270. Rectocele
    Protrusion of the rectum
  271. Sialolith
    Stone in the salivary gland
  272. Steatohepatitis
    Inflammation of the liver associated with fat
  273. Uvulitis
    Inflammation of the uvula
  274. Adhesion
    Abnormal growing together of two surfaces that normally are separated.
  275. Anorexia Nervose
    Eating disorder characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat.
  276. Bulimia Nervosa
    An eating disorder involving gorging with food, followed by vomitting.
  277. Celiac Disease
    A malabsorption syndrome caused by an immune reaction to gluten, which may damage the lining of the small intestine.
  278. Cirrhosis
    Chronic disorder of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue; commonly caused by alcoholism and certain types of viral hepatitis
  279. Chron Disease
    Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ilium and the colon; characterized by cobblestone ulcerationsand the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction.
  280. Hemorrhoids
    Swollen or distended veins in the rectal area, which may be internal or external, and can be a source of rectal bleeding.
  281. Ileus
    Obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
  282. Intussusception
    Telescoping of a segment of the intestine
  283. IBS
    periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea etc
  284. Ulcerative Colitis
    Inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers.  
  285. Volvulus
    Twisting or kinking of the intestine, causing intestinal obstruction
  286. Abdominocentesis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity
  287. Antrectomy
    Excision of the antrum
  288. Celiotomy
    incision into the abdominal cavity
  289. Cheilorrhaphy
    suture of the lip
  290. Cholecystectomy
    Excision of the gallbladder
  291. Enterorrhaphy
    Suture of the intestine
  292. Glossorrhaphy
    Suture of the tongue
  293. Hemicolectomy
    Excision of half the colon
  294. Herniorrhaphy
    Suture of the hernia
  295. Laparotomy 
    Incision into the abdominal cavity
  296. Palatoplasty
    Surgical repair of the palate
  297. Pyloromyotomy
    Incision into the pyloric muscle
  298. Anastomosis
    An opening created by surgically joining two structures, such as blood vessels or bowel segments.
  299. Bariatric Surgery
    Surgical reduction of gastric capacity to treat morbid obesity causing serious illness.
  300. Hemorrhoidectomy
    Excision of hemorrhoids
  301. Cholangiogram
    Radiographic imaging of bile ducts.
  302. Endoscope
    Instrument used for visual examination within hollow organs
  303. Endoscopy
    visual examination of a hollow organ
  304. Laparoscope
    Instrument used for visual examination of the abdoiman cavity
  305. Laparoscopy
    Visual examination of the abdominal cavity
  306. Proctoscope 
    Instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
  307. Proctoscopy
    Visual examination of the rectum
  308. Sigmoidoscopy
    Visual examination of the sigmoid colon
  309. hemi-
    half
  310. -pepsia
    digestion
  311. Abdominal Untrasonography
    Process of recording images of internal organsusing high frequency sound waves 
  312. Barium Enema
    Series of radiographic images taken of the stomach and duodenum after the contrast agent barium has been swalloed
  313. Fecal Occult Blood Test
    A test to detect occult blood in the feces.  It is used to screen for colon cancer or polyps.  Occult blood refers to blood that is present but can only be detected by chemical testing.
  314. Helicobacter pylori antibodies test
    determines presence of that bacteria
  315. Aphagia
    Without swallowing, inability
  316. Celiac
    Pertaining to the abdomen
  317. Colorectal
    Pertaining to the colon and rectum
  318. Dyspepsia
    Difficult digestion
  319. Dysphagia
    Difficulty swallowing
  320. Enteropathy
    Disease of the intestine
  321. Gastromalacia
    Softening of the stomach
  322. Glossopathy
    disease of the tongue
  323. Ileocecal 
    pertaining to the ileum and cecum
  324. Nasogastric
    pertaining to the nose and stomach
  325. Proctologist
    One who studies and treats diseases of the rectum
  326. Steatorrhea
    Discharge of fat
  327. Steatosis
    Abnormal condition of fat
  328. Stomatitis
    Inflammation of the mouth
  329. Stomatogastric
    pertaining to the mouth and stomach
  330. Sublingual
    pertaining to under the tongue
  331. Emesis 
    Expelling matter from the stomach through the mouth
  332. Flatus
    Gas in the digestive tract or expelled through anus
  333. Gastric Lavage
    washing out the stomach
  334. Gavage
    feeding someone through a nasogastric tube
  335. Hematemesis
    vomitting of blood
  336. hematochezia
    passage of bloody feces
  337. Malabsorption
    Impaired digestion or intestinal absorption of nutrients
  338. Melena
    black, tarry stool that contains digested blood
  339. A&P 
  340. resection abdominoperineal resection
  341. BE
    Barium Enema
  342. EGD
    Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  343. EUS
    endoscopic ultrasound
  344. FOBT
    fecal occult blood test
  345. GERD
    gastroesophageal refluc disease
  346. N&V 
    nausea and vomiting 
  347. PEG 
    percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  348. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  349. UPPP
    uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

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