Location of vocal cords, also called the voice box.
Space between the lungs. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures.
atel / o
capn / o
hem/o , hemat/o
-ar, -ary, -eal
hernia or protrusion
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
surgical fixation, suspension
constriction or narrowing
incomplete expansion (of lung or portion of the lung)
dilation of the bronchi
cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus
hernia of the diaphragm
inflammation of all sinuses
hernia of the lung
pus in the chest
inflammation of the nose
pain in the chest
inflammation of the tonsils
inflammation of the trachea
acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury. Symptoms include dyspnea, tachypnea, and cyanosis.
COPDthat restricts air flow, which makesCor Pulmonale breathing difficult.
a progressive lung disease Serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema.
Condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness, and stridor. It may be caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body.
One part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation of injury of the nasal septum.
Stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity.
Highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus ( FLU )
A lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila
Highly contagious bacterial infection of the resp. tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop.
Fluid in the pleural space caused by a disease process or trauma.
Tuberculosis ( TB )
An infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecing the lungs.
Creation of an artificial opening into the larynx.
Surgical fixation of the pleura
Surgical repair of the nose
Surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity.
Instrument used to measure CO2 levels
Instrument used to measure O2 saturation in the blood
Instrument used to measure breathing
Computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Performed to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion. CT is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.
Chest Radiograph ( CXR )
A radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the lungs and the heart.
A nuclear medicine procedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions.
Acid-Fast Bacilli Smear (AFB)
A test performed on sputum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause TB
Arterial Blood Gases
A test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of O2, CO2, and other gases present
Peak Flow Meter
A portable instrument used to measue how fast air can be pushed out of the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly.
Pulmonary Function Tests
A group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determine respiratory function; when abnormal, they are useful in distinguishing COPD from asthma.
The act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope.
Condition of less than normal CO2 levels in the blood.
Condition of absence of voice
Condition of difficult speaking.
Condition of high CO2 levels in the blood
Condition of deficient oxygen in the blood.
Condition of deficient oxygen to the tissues.
Arterial blood gases
acid fact bacilli
Left Lower Lobe
Obsturctive Sleep Apnea
Peak Flow Meter
Pulmonary Function Tests
right middle lobe
Shortness Of Breath
Upper Resp. Infection
Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Dry Powder Inhaler
Heat / Moisture Exchanger
Intermittent Positive-Pressure Breathing
Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilator
Positive Expiratory Pressure
The right atrium receives blood ....
returning from the body through the veins.
The left atrium receives blood ....
from the lungs
The left ventricle pumps blood ...
through the arteries from the heart back to the body tissue.
The right ventricle pumps blood ...
to the lungs
The atrial septum separates the ...
Covers the heart
middle, thick, muscular layer
Inner lining of the heart
The largest artery in the body, originating at the left ventricle and descending through the thorax and abdomen.
All veins, with the exception of the pulmonary veins..
carry blood containing CO2 and other waste products.
Largest veins in the body. The inferior vena cava carries blood tothe heart from the body parts below the diaphragm.
Plasma is approx what % of total blood volume.
White Blood Cells or Leukocytes come in 5 types, what are they?
yellowish, fatty plaque
instrument used to record
abnormal reduction in number
Tumor composed of blood vessels
Narrowing of a blood vessel
Narrowing, pertaining to aorta
hardening of fatty plaque
Enlargement of the heart
Disease of the heart muscle
Inflammation of the muscle of the heart
Inflammation of a vein
Inflammation of many arteries.
Inflammation of a vein associated with clot.
Inflammation of a valve
Tumor of blood
Tumors of bone marrow
Abnormal reduction of all cells
Abnormal condition of a blood clot
Inflammation of the lymph nodes
Tumor of lymphatic tissue
Enlargement of the spleen
Tumor of the thymus gland
Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)
sudden insignificant blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction
Ballooning of a weeakened portion of an arterial wall.
Chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle.
Any disturbance or abnormality in the hearts normal rhythmic pattern
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)
Chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria. PAF and CAF
Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires CPR
Acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
Coarctation of the Aorta
Congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta.
Congenital Heart Disease
Hear abnormality present at birth.
Obstruction of an artery of the heart, usually from atherosclerosis. Coronary occlusion can lead to acute myocardial infarction.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the ody. Most often occurs in the lower extremeties. A clot can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.
Pain and discomfort in calf muscles while walkingl a condition seen in peripheral arterial disease.
Mitral Valve Stenosis
A narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever.
Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Necrosis of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Damage to the heart muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever.
Distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremeties.
Reduction in the number of red blood cells.
Blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point in the circulation.
Inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII
Malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells formed in the bone marrow.
A condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection.
Malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lympg nodes, usually beginning in the cervical nodes.
An acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue, and fever. The disease affects mostly young people and is usually transmitted by saliva.
Surgical repair of a blood vessel
Excision of fatty plaque
Excision within an artery.
Surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the sac surrounding the heart.
Excision of a vein
Incision into a vein
Surgical repair of a vein
Excision of the spleen
Surgical fixation of the spleen
Excision of the thymus gland
Surgical excision of an aneurysm
Atrial Fibrillation Ablation
A procedure in which abnormal cells that trigger atrial fibrillation are destroyed by using radiofrequency energy.
Surgery to establish an alternate route from the femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass an obstruction.
Bone Marrow Aspiration
A syringe is used to aspirate a sample of the liquid portion of the bone marrow, usually from the ilium, for study; used to diagnose, stage, and monitor disease and condition of the blood cells.
Radiographic imaging of blood vessels.
Instrument used for visual examination.
Visual examination of a blood vessel
Radiographic image of the aorta
Record of the heart using sound
Record of the electrical activity of the heart
An examination to determine the condition of the heart and surrounding blood vessels.
Measures venous flow of the extremitites with a plethysmograph to detect clots by measuring changes in blood volume and resistance in the vein. Used to detect deep vein thrombosis.
Pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessel walls. A blood pressure measurement written as systolic / diastolic
C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
A blood test to measure the amount of C-reactive protein in the blood, which, when elevated, indicates inflammation in the body. It is sometimes used in assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK)
A blood test used to measure the level of creatine phosphokinase, an enzyme of heart and skeletal muscle released into the blood after muscle injury or necrosis.
A blood test used to measure the amount of homocysteine in the blood. Homocysteine is an amino acid that, if elevated, may indicate an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
A blood test used to measure the amount of lipid profile in a blood sample.
A blood test that measures troponin, a heart muscle enzyme. Look more on this page... 451
A blood test to measure the volume of red blood cells. It is used in the diagnosis and evaluation of anemic patients.
Physician who studies and treats diseases of the veins.
The study of veins.
Formation of blood cells
Stoppage of bleeding
Formation of bone marrow
Removal of plasma
Dissolution of a clot
To close tightly, to block.
Abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
Rapid loss of blood, as in bleeding
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Coronary Artery Disease
coronary care unit
Digital subtraction angiography
deep vein thrombossi
hypertensice heart disease
implantable cardiac defibrillator
peripheral arterial disease
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
posterior portion, not supported by bone
performs the swalling action that passes food from the mouth into the esophagus
area around the opening of the esophagus
uppermost domed portion of the stomach
lower portion of the stomach
First 10 to 12 inches of the small intestine
second portion of the small intestine
Third portion of the small intestine
Blind U shaped pouch that is the first portion of the large intestine
serous saclike lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities
Small pouch, which has no function in digestion, attached to the cecum
col/o , colon/o
or/o , stomat/o
proct/o , rect/o
common bile duct
gloss/o , lingu/o
polyp, small growth
pylorus, pyloric sphincter
saliva, salivary gland
inflammation of the gallbladder
condition of stones in the common bile duct
condition of gallstones
inflammation of the diverticulum
abnormal condition of having diverticula
inflammation of the stomach
inflammation of the stomach and intestines
inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon
tumor of the liver
inflammation of the palate
inflammation of the pancreas
inflammation of the peritoneum
Prolapse of the rectum
Protrusion of the rectum
Stone in the salivary gland
Inflammation of the liver associated with fat
Inflammation of the uvula
Abnormal growing together of two surfaces that normally are separated.
Eating disorder characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat.
An eating disorder involving gorging with food, followed by vomitting.
A malabsorption syndrome caused by an immune reaction to gluten, which may damage the lining of the small intestine.
Chronic disorder of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue; commonly caused by alcoholism and certain types of viral hepatitis
Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ilium and the colon; characterized by cobblestone ulcerationsand the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction.
Swollen or distended veins in the rectal area, which may be internal or external, and can be a source of rectal bleeding.
Obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
Telescoping of a segment of the intestine
periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea etc
Inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers.
Twisting or kinking of the intestine, causing intestinal obstruction
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity
Excision of the antrum
incision into the abdominal cavity
suture of the lip
Excision of the gallbladder
Suture of the intestine
Suture of the tongue
Excision of half the colon
Suture of the hernia
Incision into the abdominal cavity
Surgical repair of the palate
Incision into the pyloric muscle
An opening created by surgically joining two structures, such as blood vessels or bowel segments.
Surgical reduction of gastric capacity to treat morbid obesity causing serious illness.
Excision of hemorrhoids
Radiographic imaging of bile ducts.
Instrument used for visual examination within hollow organs
visual examination of a hollow organ
Instrument used for visual examination of the abdoiman cavity
Visual examination of the abdominal cavity
Instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
Visual examination of the rectum
Visual examination of the sigmoid colon
Process of recording images of internal organsusing high frequency sound waves
Series of radiographic images taken of the stomach and duodenum after the contrast agent barium has been swalloed
Fecal Occult Blood Test
A test to detect occult blood in the feces. It is used to screen for colon cancer or polyps. Occult blood refers to blood that is present but can only be detected by chemical testing.
Helicobacter pylori antibodies test
determines presence of that bacteria
Without swallowing, inability
Pertaining to the abdomen
Pertaining to the colon and rectum
Disease of the intestine
Softening of the stomach
disease of the tongue
pertaining to the ileum and cecum
pertaining to the nose and stomach
One who studies and treats diseases of the rectum
Discharge of fat
Abnormal condition of fat
Inflammation of the mouth
pertaining to the mouth and stomach
pertaining to under the tongue
Expelling matter from the stomach through the mouth
Gas in the digestive tract or expelled through anus
washing out the stomach
feeding someone through a nasogastric tube
vomitting of blood
passage of bloody feces
Impaired digestion or intestinal absorption of nutrients