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the author providing some background information to the audience aboutthe plot, characters’ histories, setting, and theme.
where the basic internal conflict is complicated by theintro of related secondary conflicts, including various obstacles that frustrate the protagonists attempt to reach his goal.
the 3rd act, the turning point which marks a change for the
better or worse in the protagonists’ affairs.
the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist unravels, with
the pro winning or losing against the an.
May include a moment of doubt of the outcome.
falling action (denouement)
“God from the machine” a seemingly unsolvable problem is suddenly
and abruptly solved with the contrived and unexpected intervention of some new
event, character, ability, or object
deus ex machina
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. ¾ of English poetry is written in this.
statements of proverbial wisdom, general.
a set of rules,which
both the audience and actors are
familiar with and which act as a useful way of quickly signifying the nature of
the action or of a character.
saying something other than the ordinary way (metaphor, simile, etc)
a repetition of similar sounds in two or more
words and is most often used in poetry and songs.
Couplet - a pair of lines of meter in
poetry. It usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter.
the main character (the
central or primary personal figure) of a literary, theatrical, cinematic, or
musical narrative, which ends up in conflict because of the antagonist and with whom the audience is intended to most
a character who contrasts with another character
(usually the protagonist)
in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
a releasing of emotional or
other tension resulting from a comic episode interposed in the midst of serious
or tragic elements in a drama
the order of events in a
narrative or any other type of story
a verse form that typically
refers to a concept of unattainable love
satirical comedy; something ridiculous,
branch of drama that treats
in a serious and dignified style the sorrowful or terrible events encountered
or caused by a heroic individual.
a kind of tragedy involving
getting retribution usually on a loved one.
revenge tragedy with lots
of blood and gore.
a legendary or traditional
story, usually one concerning a superhuman being and dealing with events that
have no natural explanation
a figure of speech that
makes a reference to, or representation of, people, places, events, literary
work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication
the play is presented
before an audience of two of the characters, who comment upon the action
in Greek mythology, was a
in Greek mythology “goddess
in bird form” the wife of Terreus, mother of Itys.
ifteen books by the Roman poet Ovid,
describing the history of the world from its creation to
the deification of Julius Caesar within
a loose mythico-historical framework
the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or
to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally
a belief that may be
adopted about specific types of
individuals or certain ways of doing things, but that belief may or may not
accurately reflect reality
a form of word play which suggests two or more
meanings, by exploiting multiple meanings of words, or of similar-sounding
words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect
he breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause,
or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses
a feature in poetry in which the syntactic unit
(phrase, clause, or sentence) corresponds in length to the line
One of the four humors of ancient and
medieval physiology, supposed to cause melancholy when present in excess.
a device in which
characters or events represent or symbolize ideas and concepts.