the author providing some background information to the audience aboutthe plot, characters’ histories, setting, and theme.
where the basic internal conflict is complicated by theintro of related secondary conflicts, including various obstacles that frustrate the protagonists attempt to reach his goal.
the 3rd act, the turning point which marks a change for the
better or worse in the protagonists’ affairs.
the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist unravels, with
the pro winning or losing against the an.
May include a moment of doubt of the outcome.
falling action (denouement)
“God from the machine” a seemingly unsolvable problem is suddenly
and abruptly solved with the contrived and unexpected intervention of some new
event, character, ability, or object
deus ex machina
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. ¾ of English poetry is written in this.
statements of proverbial wisdom, general.
a set of rules,which
both the audience and actors are
familiar with and which act as a useful way of quickly signifying the nature of
the action or of a character.
saying something other than the ordinary way (metaphor, simile, etc)
a repetition of similar sounds in two or more
words and is most often used in poetry and songs.
Couplet - a pair of lines of meter in
poetry. It usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter.
the main character (the
central or primary personal figure) of a literary, theatrical, cinematic, or
musical narrative, which ends up in conflict because of the antagonist and with whom the audience is intended to most
a character who contrasts with another character
(usually the protagonist)
in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
a releasing of emotional or
other tension resulting from a comic episode interposed in the midst of serious
or tragic elements in a drama
the order of events in a
narrative or any other type of story
a verse form that typically
refers to a concept of unattainable love