The root word Append means hang down; the suffix itis means inflammation. Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix.
Arteriosclerosis is the hardening, thickening, or loss of elasticity of an artery wall.
The root word Chole means bile or gall; the root word cyst means bladder; the suffix itis means inflammation. Therefore, cholecystitis is the inflammation of the gallbladder.
The root word Chole means gall; docho means the common bile duct; the suffix itis means inflammation. Therefore, Choledochitis is the inflammation of the common bile duct.
The root word Chole means bile or gall; the root word lith means stone; the suffix iasis means presence of. Therefore, Cholelithiasis is the presence of gallstones.
The root work Esophago mean the esophagus; the suffix it is mean inflammation. Therefore, Esophagitis is the inflammation of the esophagus.
The root word Hema means blood; the suffix oma means swelling or tumor. Therefore, Hematoma is a swelling or mass of blood (usually clotted) that is confined to an organ, tissue, or space and is caused by a rupture of a blood vessel.
The prefix Meso refers to the mesentery; the word appendix refers to the worm-shaped process projecting from the blind end of the cecum. Therefore, Mesoappendix refers to the peritoneal fold connecting the appendix to the ileum.
The prefix Meso refers to the mesentery; the word colon refers to the large intestine. Therefore, the Mesocolon is the mesentery that connects the colon to the posterior abdominal wall.
The prefix Neo means new; the word plasia means growth. Therefore, Neoplasia is the development of neoplasms (which is a new and abnormal formation of tissue).
The word Pancreat refers to the pancreas; the suffix it is means inflammation. Therefore, Pancreatitis is an inflamed condition of the pancreas.
The prefix Pre means in front of; the word peritoneal refers to the peritoneum (which is a membrane reflected over the viscera and lining of the abdominal cavity). Therefore, Preperitoneal refers to the area in front of the peritoneum.
The prefix Recto means straight intestine (as in rectum); Sigmoid means pertaining to the sigmoid flexture. Therefore, Rectosigmoid refers to the area that includes the lower part of the sigmoid colon and the upper part of the rectum.
The prefix Retro means behind; the word cecal means pertaining to the cecum. Therefore, Retrocecal refers to the back of or pertaining to the area posterior to the cecum.
The prefix Retro means behind; peritoneum is the membrane lining the abdominal walls and organs. Therefore, Retroperitoneum refers to the back of or pertaining to the serous membrane lining the abdominopelvic walls and organs.
The prefix supra means above; pubic refers to the pubic bone. Therefore, Suprapubic means above the pubic arch.
The prefix uni means one; lateral means side or flank. Therefore, Unilateral means to affect or occur on only one side.
The root word utero means the uterus; the root word sacral means pertaining to the sacrum. Therefore, the uterosacral ligament arises from the side of the cervix and passes upwards and backwards, passing around the rectum to the second sacral vertebra.
The root word uterine means pertaining to the uterus; the word fundus means the part of a hollow organ farthest from its opening. Therefore, the uterine fundus is the top portion of the uterus, the farthest part from the cervix.