Factors that contributed to the rise and fall of the Roman Republic.
Patricians were the wealthy landowners, while the plebeians were all others, regardless of whether they possessed an equal amount of wealth to the patricians. There was also an unequality associated with the classes. Both classes could vote, but only patricians could hold government positions. Both could make marriage contracts, but no intermarriage was permitted. This led to internal plebeian dissent; and, as a result, in 494 BCE, the plebeians seceded from Rome. At the same time, Rome was facing threats from Latin communities. Because plebeians made up the armies, patricians realized the necessity of hte plebeians and created the tribunes of the plbes and the council of the plebs. Still, plebeians eventually realized the importance of knowledge of law and pressured the patricians until decemviri were created, whom created the Twelve Tables of Law in 450 BCE. Still feeling disadvantaged, the Canuleian law was passed, allowing intermarriage. In 367, the Licinian- Sexton laws opened the consulship to plebeians, and in 287, the plebeians received their maximum amount of power with the Hortensian law, which made plebiscita binding on all citizens without senate approval. While all of these internal changes were occurring, Rome was busy conquering Italy, which is why patricians constantly succumbed to plebeian wishes.