med term respiratory system

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med term respiratory system
2012-10-13 17:44:13
med term respiratory system

terms respiratory system
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  1. crackles
    fine crackling or bubbling sounds, commonly heard during inspiration when there is fluid in the alveoli; also called rales
  2. friction rub
    dry, grating sound heard with a stethoscope during auscultation (listening for sounds within the body)
  3. rhonchi
    lous coarse or snoring sounds heard during inspiration or expiration; caused by obstructed airways
  4. stridor
    high-pitched, musical sound made on inspiration; caused by an obstruction in the trachea or larynx
  5. wheezes
    continuous high-pitched whistling sounds, usually during expiration; caused by narrowing of an airway
  6. acidosis
    excessive acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acids or an excessive loss of bicarbonate caused by abnormally high levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the body
  7. acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    life-threatening build-up of fluid in the air sacs (alveoli), caused by vomit into the lungs (aspiration), inhaling chemicals, pneumonia, septic shock, or trauma, that prevents enough oxygen from passing into the bloodstream; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  8. anosmia
    absence or decrease in the sense of smell
  9. anoxia
    total absence of O2 in body tissues; caused by a lack of O2 in inhaled air or by obstruction that prevents O2 from reaching the lungs
  10. asphyxia
    condition of insufficient intake of oxygen due to choking, toxic gases, electric shock, drugs, drowning, smoke, or trauma
  11. asthma
    inflammatory airway disorder that results in attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity, and coughing (with or without sputum)
  12. atelectasis
    collapse of lung tissue, which prevents the respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide and is caused by a variety of conditions including obstruction of foreign bodies, excessive secretions, or pressure on the lung from a tumor
  13. bronchitis
    acute or chronic inflammation of mucous membranes of the bronchial airways caused by irritation, infection, or both
  14. coryza
    acute inflammation of the nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharge; also called a cold
  15. croup
    actue respiratory syndrome wthat occurs primarily in children and infants and is characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking cough, and stridor
  16. cystic fibrosis (CF)
    genetic disease that is one of the most common types of chronic lung disease in children and young adults and causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive tract, possibly resulting in early death
  17. emphysema
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that makes it difficult to breathe and is characterized by loss of elasticity of lung tissue that causes the small airways to collapse during forced exhalation
  18. epistaxis
    hemorrhage from the nose; also called nosebleed
  19. hypercapnia
    greater than normal amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood
  20. hypoxemia
    deficiency of oxygen in the blood; usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  21. hypoxia
    deficiency of oxygen in body tissues; usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  22. influenza
    acute, contagious respiratory infection characterized by sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain
  23. otitis media (OM)
    inflammation of the middle ear, commonly the result of an upper respiratory infection (URI) with symptoms of otodynia; may be treated with myringotomy or tympanostomy tubes
  24. exudative
    OM with the presence of fluid, such as pus or serum
  25. pertussis
    acute infectious disease characterized by a "whoop" - sounding cough; also called whooping cough
  26. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensifed by deep breathing or coughing
  27. pneumothorax
    collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, causing the complete or partial collapse of a lung
  28. sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
    completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant; also called crib death
  29. arterial blood gases (ABGs)
    group of tests that measure the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration in an arterial blood sample
  30. Mantoux test
    Intradermal test to determine recent or past exposure to tuberculosis (TB)
  31. pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
    Variety of tests used to determine the capacity of the lungs to exchange O2 and CO2 efficiently
  32. cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
    basic emergency procedure for life support, consisting of artificial respiration and manual external cardiac massage
  33. endotracheal intubation
    procedure in which an airway catheter is inserted through the mouth or nose into the trachea in patients who are unable to breathe on their own or to administer oxygen, medication, or anesthesia
  34. postural drainage
    use of body positioning to assist in the removal of secretions from specific lobes of the lung, bronchi, or lung cavities
  35. thracocentesis
    use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for laboratory analysis or remove excess pleural fluid or air from the pleural space; also called thoracentesis
  36. tracheostomy
    incision into the trachea (tracheotomy) and creation of a permanent opening through which a tracheostomy tube is inserted to keep the opening patent (accessible or wide open)
  37. bronchodilators
    dilate constricted airways by relaxing muscle spasms in the bronchial tubes through oral administration or inhaled via a metered dose inhaler (MDI)
  38. corticosteroids
    suppress the inflammatory reaction that causes swelling and narrowing of the bronchi
  39. expectorants
    improve the ability to cough up mucus from the respiratory tract
  40. metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
    device that enables the patient to self-administer a specific amount of medication into the lungs through inhalation
  41. nebulized mist treatment (NMT)
    method of administering medication directly into the lungs using a device (nebulizer) that produces a fine spray; also called aerosol therapy
  42. bronchoscopy
    a type of endoscopic procedure, is the visual examination of the interior bronchi using a flexible fiberoptic instrument with a light (bronchoscope).
  43. Apnea
    temporary cessation of breathing
  44. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
    a group of respiratory disorders, is characterized by chronic, partial obstruction of the bronchi and lungs that makes it difficult to breathe.  Three major disorders included are asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.
  45. diagnosis
    identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms history, laboratory test results, and procedures
  46. pulmonary
    pertaining to the lungs or the respiratory system
  47. respiration
    molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body's tissues; also called breathing, pulmonary ventilation, or ventilation
  48. thoracic
    pertaining to the thorax or thoracic cage (bony enclosure formed by the sternum,, costal cartilages, ribs, and the bodies of the thoracic vertebrae)