Embalming I Exam 1

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Embalming I Exam 1
2012-09-29 23:12:01

Embalming I Exam 1
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  1. Pressure machines
    Centrifugal Force Machine
    a motorized injector used to create positive pressure as required in vascular embalming.
  2. Hydroaspirator
    a type of preparation room equipment consisting of a suction device which uses water pressure to create a vacuum for removing liquid materials from the body.
  3. Electric aspirator
    electrical suction devise which creates a vacuum to remove liquid materials from the body.
  4. Gravity percolator
    Gravity bottle
    a method of creating injection pressure which consists of a gravity bottle with tubing attached, that is suspended at a desired distance above the point of injection.

    Gravity produces 0.43 lbs. of pressure per foot of height.  (About a half a pound.)
  5. Hand pump
    a hand operated, double action pneumatic pump which is used to create pressure for embalming purposes and aspiration.
  6. Bulb syringe
    a method of creating injection pressure that consists of a bulb type syringe and rubber tubing.
  7. Electric spatula
    tissue reducer
    used to reduce swelling of the deceased by the application of heat.

    • It will also dry moist tissue and smooth out
    • facial wrinkles.
  8. Hair dryer
    equipment used to dry the hair of the deceased and is made specifically for mortuary use.
  9. Body lift
    preparation room equipment which designed to eliminate the physical strain of moving caskets and bodies by hand.
  10. Sterilization
    the complete destruction of all living organisms, including cells, viable spores, and viruses.
  11. Dry heat Sterilizers
    • burning with flame
    • baking in an oven-320-329 degrees F.

  12. Moist heat Sterilizers
    not always effective

    used under pressure (like a pressure cooker) becomes very effective such as an autoclave 250°F/121°C
  13. Chemical Sterilizers
    most are not completely effective.

    work well as disinfectants
  14. Positioning devices
    preparation room equipment for properly positioning bodies on the embalming table
  15. Tables
    Embalming-preparation room equipment on which human remains are placed for the embalming procedure.

     Dressing-preparation room equipment which is specifically designed for the dressing of the deceased.
  16. Refrigeration unit
    a device used to keep a dead human body cool enough to inhibit bacterial activity.
  17. Eyewash equipment
    a device used to continually flush the eyes with cool water for at least 15 minutes.
  18. Quick wash shower
    OSHA required safety device for a release of a copious amount of water in a short time.
  19. Sharps container
    a container used to dispose of all sharp and pointed objects used during preparation.
  20. Bio-hazardous waste container
    a container used to dispose of all potentially bio-hazardous material.
  21. Exhaust system
    an air movement system to effectively change the air in the preparation room to keep the formaldehyde levels below those specified by OSHA.
  22. Arterial tube
    an embalming instrument that is used to inject arterial solution into the body of the deceased.
  23. Needle injector
    a mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone. 
  24. Scalpel
    a two piece embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions.
  25. Bistoury
    an embalming instrument which is a one piece scalpel used for making incisions and excisions.
  26. Aneurysm needle
    an embalming instrument that is used in raising vessels and for blunt dissection, which has an eye in the hook portion of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.
  27. Aneurysm hook
    an embalming instrument that is used in raising vessels and for blunt dissection.
  28. Scissors
    A) Artery and vein scissors -small, used for cutting arteries and veins.

    B) Angular bandage scissors - used for cutting bandages and clothing of deceased.

    • C) Utility scissors - used to cut tissue or ligature.
    •                                1) 2 sharp points
    •                                2) 1 sharp and 1 dull point
    •                                3) 2 dull points
    •                                4) Barber shears
  29. Director
    Groove director
    an embalming instrument which is used to direct drain tubes into troublesome vessels.
  30. Separator
    Bone separator
    an embalming instrument used to maintain the elevation of the vessels above the surface of the skin.
  31. Hemostat
    Lock forceps
    an embalming instrument used to clamp vessels.
  32. Spring forceps
    a multi-purpose embalming instrument commonly used for holding cotton swabs, wiping out and disinfecting the eyes, restoration treatment and closing the eyes.
  33. Extractor
    a device used to remove items from the deceased.
  34. Retractor
    a general purpose embalming instrument which is primarily used to spread incisions and to afford more working room. 

    It can also be used as an aid in eyecap insertion.
  35. Towel clamps
    a spring device used to hold a towel in place.
  36. Razor
    preparation room equipment used to shave both male and female cases.
  37. Vein tubes
    Drain tubes
    an embalming instrument which is used to aid the drainage of blood from the body.
  38. Stop cock
    an embalming instrument commonly used on arterial tubes to stop the flow of fluid.
  39. Goose neck
    rubber stopper containing two tubes, one to create vacuum or pressure and the other to deliver fluid or achieve aspiration; possibly used in conjuction with a hand pump.
  40. Suturing needles
    • preparation room instruments which are used to close cuts and incisions by suturing with ligature.
    •                      -autopsy
    •                      -full curve
    •                      -half curve
    •                      -loopuypt's
  41. Nasal tube aspirator
    embalming instrument used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils.
  42. Trocar
    • a long hollow needle for aspirating the cavities and to inject fluid into those cavities.
    •        -3 parts
    •                   -handle
    •                   -barrel
    •                   -tip
  43. Hypo-valve trocar
    a device used to hypodermically inject embalming fluid into the tissues.
  44. Hypodermic needle and syringe
    used to inject embalming chemicals and tissue builder into the body tissues.
  45. Trocar button applicator
    preparation room equipment used to insert trocar buttons into trocar punctures created when the trocar is inserted into the body.
  46. Vein expander
    an embalming instrument inserted into the vein for insertion of the drainage instrument.
  47. Needle holder
    preparation room equipment used to hold suturing needles and keep them in good condition; an instrument used to hold a suturing needle while suturing.
  48. Artery fixation forceps
    an embalming instrument whose purpose is to hold arterial tubes in the arteries.
  49. Thread passer
    preparation room equipment used to pass a ligature underneath a raised vessel.
  50. Metal cut-off
    metal clamp
    an embalming instrument used to stop the flow of fluids through tubing.
  51. Metal Y
    an embalming instrument which permits embalming fluid to flow in two different directions simultaneously.
  52. Cavity injector
    an embalming instrument which is connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various cavities of the body.
  53. Preservative embalming chemicals
    chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive and which will arrest decomposition by altering the enzymes of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissues into a form much less susceptible to decomposition.
  54. Bleaches
    embalming chemicals which are used on discolored areas of the body and are intended to remove the discolorations or at least lessen the intensity of the discoloration.
  55. Disinfectant chemicals
    embalming chemicals which are used to destroy or inhibit most pathogenic bacteria and their products in or on the body, preparation room, instruments, as well as the individual performing embalming operation.
  56. Sealers
    a compound used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood.

    •      -External
    •            - usually liquids, sprays, or creams used by coating over sutured incisions.

    •      -Internal
    •            - powders, liquids, sprays, and creams used by coating over raw incisions, wounds, in cavities, or on pinpoint leakage.
  57. Soaps
    a compound, usually of a disinfectant nature, used to effectively clean the remains and for post-procedure (terminal) disinfection by the operator.
  58. Solvents
    the part of a solution that is always the greater amount and the medium in which the solute is dissolved;

    chemicals which are used in the preparation room to remove stains from the body, a cleanser for cosmetic brushes, a spot remover and a thinning agent.
  59. Cotton
    preparation room supply that is used for cotton swabs, as a padding material, etc.

    • There are two different types used-rolled and
    • towel form.
  60. Tubing
    preparation room equipment which is used with the embalming machine, aspiration procedures, water hoses, etc. 

    It is available in rubber and plastic form.
  61. Eyecaps
    a preparation room item which is placed between the eyelids and the eyes of the deceased to keep the eyelids closed and to give them their natural contour.
  62. Calvarium clamps
    a device used as a means of fastening the calvarium after a cranial autopsy.
  63. Trocar buttons
    preparation room item which is inserted into trocar punctures.
  64. Mouth formers
    preparation room supplies which are used to support the lips and give the deceased's mouth a normal contour when the deceased does not have natural teeth or dentures.
  65. Plastic goods
    a preparation room supply used to cover particular areas of the body to collect any leakage that may occur.
  66. Suture
    preparation room item used with suturing needles to suture cuts and incisions.
  67. Injector needles
    a preparation aid used in mouth closure. 

    It is inserted into a needle injector and forced into the mandible and maxilla.
  68. Adhesives
    a material used to close incisions and wounds.

    works especially well on jagged tears in the skin.

  69. Lip and lid cement
    preparation room materials used on cases where the lips and/or eyelids are difficult to close properly.