exclusive right to reproduce and control an original work of art (music, visual art, film, literature, etc.)
separation between the corporation and its shareholders such that the shareholders will not be held personally liable for corporate debts
lawyer, attorney, attorney-at-law, counsellor, solicitor, barrister, advocate or other individual licensed to practise law
see counsel; Also called counselor-at-law US a lawyer, esp one who conducts cases in court; attorney
new offer with new terms made as a reply to an offer received
course of dealing
pattern of conduct commercial traders exhibit in relation to each other during their business relationship
court of first Instance
see lower court; a court in which legal proceedings are begun or first heard
person or company who is owed a financial obligation
(also penal law) area of law that deals with crime. punishment or penalties
between different countries; taking place over a border(s).
(UK) higher court of first instance for criminal eases in England and Wales. Together with the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal, it forms the Supreme Court of Judicature. Appeals from the Crown Court go to the criminal division of the Court of Appeal and then to the House of Lords.
custom and usage
practice which has become so common through long-term use that it has become recognised as mandatory in respect of its subject matter
practice of registering Internet domain names that are associated with another company and then demanding payment from that company through the sale or licensing of that domain name
loss or harm as a result of injury
money awarded by a court in compensation for loss or injury
date of employment
day on which a person's employment begins
(Latin) in fact
(UK) instrument issued under seal which evidences a debt or security for a loan of a fixed sum of money; a long-term debt not secured by any particular asset, but rather by the general earning capacity of the company (US secured debt instrument); (US) unsecured debt
someone who owes a financial obligation to another
failure to perform a duty, whether legal or contractual; failure to pay a sum that is due
(also respondent) person against whom an action is brought in court. Defendant is generally used when referring to the answering party to a civil complaint; respondent is generally used when referring to the answering party to a petition for a court order.
to give (duties) to another, to entrust another (with duties)
(UK) third party in a delegation to whom the duties have been transferred (US delegatee) delegation of duties transfer of responsibilities to be performed under a contract to another
person who transfers his duties to another
action of taking something to a specific place or address, especially a letter, a document or goods, etc.
legally protected interest in the form of appearance, style or texture of a particular item
order from a central authority, for example, the European Community. A European Community Directive is binding as to the result, but each Member State may choose how to implement it
condition of being unable to do something due to a physical or mental impairment
(US) to declare a person unable to practise law. In the UK, the barrister is expelled from his or her Inn of Court and is no longer allowed to represent in court.